Psychology and Psychiatry

Child development at 1 year

Child development at 1 year no less important period than the first year of life of the crumbs. One year old toddler, having reached certain achievements in development and having learned to move independently, goes back to the next step of development, which is marked by conducting research and making all sorts of discoveries. Therefore, at this milestone of development, the main thing for him will be familiarization with the realities of the vast external world. Such familiarization will occur through a variety of experiments, the study of objects, observations and training.

For the crumbs, all the new sounds and visual images during the described period become more significant. His speech has more to do with emotional manifestations and rather resembles interjections. The child most of the time talks with himself, but his relatives understand his babble and the corresponding actions of his parents are quite important for him. Also the child on the parental requests with pleasure responds with adequate actions. In addition, the one-year-old baby has learned to distinguish when it is scolded and when it praises. At this stage, the Karapuz more and more often finds independence and strives to insist on his own, without having received the desired and not coping with his own emotions, can throw a tantrum, which consists of falling on the floor, shrill yelling and kicking.

Early child development from 1 year

The one-year old peanut is characterized by activity and mobility. He does not sit in one position and in one place. After all, the crumb tries to know the world in ways that are accessible to him while improving the acquired physical skills.

Early development of a child from 1 year is characterized by a fast pace. The kid already knows how to perform various actions with objects, he can fold them or, conversely, scatter, he can knock them. Peanut learned to climb up on low steps or other elevations, throw a big light ball and clumsily catch it. He is already actively showing interest in all sorts of small objects. It is interesting to him to open the doors, tighten the caps and carry out other manipulations with the help of fingers. He can also perform simple tasks, such as: feed the doll, find the hidden object, throw the ball. In games, the baby tends to imitate parental behavior. In addition, there is an active development of the child's speech in 1 year. The kid likes to listen when parents read children's books or sing funny songs with him.

Also, the neoplasm of this period becomes an aspiration for independence. At the age of one year, it is very important to support the karapuz in his aspirations, so that an independent and self-sufficient person can grow from a naughty and shebutnogo boot. Parents should try to pay maximum attention to the child: read books to him, play and draw with him, in other words, try to develop the potential inherent in all sorts of ways.

The development of a child in 1 year involves, above all, the development of his speech and enrichment of vocabulary, coordination of movement, the development of fine hand motor skills. The active development of the child's speech at the age of one year takes place thanks to exercises aimed at developing fine motor skills of the hands. All kinds of finger games, large puzzles, toy liners and others are used to develop motor skills.

Features of the development of a child of 1 year include the following:

- no problem to get up on the lower limbs;

- without the help of parents to walk;

- with the support of parents, run the pens;

- copying adults, reproduce some simple actions and have fun with it;
without third-party help from drinking a cup;

- pronounce individual elementary words;

- understand the requirements of adults;

- call the names of parents and other family members, often, distorting them strongly;
ask for the pot.

The one-year-old peanut seeks to learn new sounds and study various subjects, so he is happy to knock a glass or a plate with a spoon, experimenting with his own voice and toys. He likes to mix something with a spoon, draw pictures with food, turn over jars, boxes and other containers, pouring out the contents of them or falling asleep there, pull the toy by the rope. In general, all actions of the baby are aimed at learning how to use objects according to their purpose.

After reaching the slightest one year old, weight gain and height increase slow down. After all, the baby begins to move more, as a result of which virtually all of the energy is aimed at providing motor vitality.

A child is 1 year and 2 months old and he develops through gameplay. At the age of one year, he reminds the researcher to the laboratory - everything tastes to taste and tooth, studies all subjects in sight. Therefore, a common occurrence at the one-year-old stage will be the desire of a booty to throw everything out of an open cabinet and try to comprehend the value of the dumped objects or things. This is the best fun for him!

A child of 1 year and 3 months of development, as before, depends on emotions, as well as on the consciousness involved in the work. At this time, the peanut begins to realize what joint gaming activity means, interest in peers shows.

A child is 1 year and 4 months old; his development is characterized by an active manifestation of his own character. This phase of development is considered the most capricious in children's development: the crumb strives to choose the food she likes, while she can try a couple of spoons and instantly reject the dishes. At this stage, the child is even more changeable than the English weather. Therefore, parents should train tolerance, as well as try to carefully observe the preferences of the toddler.

The development of the child in 1, 5 years implies even more independence of the boot. Therefore, seventeen months is considered the time of active comprehension of the world. The kid has already learned the coordination of movements, and therefore with might and main stomping, and the spheres of his interest are truly endless. The one-and-a-half-year-old butuze was noticeably stronger physically, his expression became more meaningful. The task of parents at this age stage is to help children learn and comprehend the surrounding reality and space, while it is necessary to monitor the observance of security while maintaining its maximum independence.

The development of a child of 1, 6 years is the transition from walking to an uncertain run, which is the most important characteristic of motor development. In addition, an equally important task of this phase of the formation lies in the development of active speech. It is only through communication with the adult environment that the eighteen-month-old karapuz gives birth to the so-called “autonomous” speech. He is trying to speak simplified language. Each kid has his own language, understandable only to his close environment.

A child at 1, 6 years of age declares himself as an equal interlocutor, counting on communication with an adult close environment. Autonomous speech is a stage that takes the crumbs to a more serious level of communicative interaction. The little one during this period simply overwhelms the joy of actively communicating with the environment, the desire to comprehend everything through my own experience. This stage of development is held under the slogan "I myself!". Peanut tries not to lose a single second of his time. After all, there are so many things that are still unknown! It is not at all indifferent for the child that adults show him what they are talking about, what they are teaching him, and also how they do everyday things.

The development of a child of 1, 6 years is characterized by high expectations of the baby from an adult environment. As a result, parents should pay more attention to their child to build a basis for his future abilities.

The development of the child 1, 7 years old is characterized by the awareness of the child's own preferences. For example, he likes games with cars, and he doesn’t like to go to bed during the day. In addition, he suddenly begins to not hear when his parents say no, if he does not agree with this.

The peculiarity of the development of the child 1, 7 years old implies the awareness of a baby as a person. He is already able to recognize his own reflection in the mirror, and also likes to repeat and take part in all household chores. Parents need to support the crumbs in all endeavors, and not dismiss him.

A child of 1 year and 8 months, the development of the physical plan allows him to easily climb the steps of the ladder while the descent may cause difficulties. In twenty months, the crumb not only walks confidently, but clumsily runs around. Also, the crumb is able to partially undress independently. Adults are advised to allow children to try to undress themselves. If earlier parents tried to teach a crumb to the pot, then at this stage he will ask for it.

Child development 1.9 years implies the ability to throw the ball into the distance or down, throw it with two hands. The kid can already understand a small story about the near past, perform a sequence of actions at the request of an adult. Vocabulary consists of approximately 350 words. The Karapuz is aware of their gender.

A child of 1 year and 10 months of development allows him to do about 5 steps on his toes without support, to hit the ball nude so that it rolls. Some kids already know how to bounce with their two feet in place without falling. The karapuz should already be able to dress independently in part: to stretch socks or a hat. The quantity and quality of everyday skills is growing. Baby can control physiological needs.

In general, the development of a child from 1 to 3 years provides for the division into three periods. From twelve to eighteen months, the first period lasts, which marks a certain fraction of the independence of the crumb and its research inclinations. From eighteen to twenty-four months, the second period lasts, in which the boots improve their previously acquired skills, determine their own place in the world. The third period is the most active intellectual formation of the child.

The development of children from 1 to 2 years

The one-year-old toddler is rather inquisitive, at times even curious, and is characterized by high cognitive activity. The child took the course to conduct all sorts of experiments with objects that fell into his field of vision. Also, he has a lot of interest in all moving objects and mechanisms. At this age stage, the baby is already able to combine some toys with others, build towers from cubes, collect a picture cut into several parts, compare similar objects.

The development of children from 1 to 2 years of age is complicated by a number of crises associated with growing up. A child at this phase of development begins to feel himself as an individual separate from the mother and become aware of himself, to search for his own "I". Each new children's accomplishment is a kind of leap. Often, in individual children, such mini-crises provoke so-called disruptions in behavior. For example, some children begin to be capricious or have a disturbed sleep.

Most psychologists are convinced that the only period in which hysteria is permissible is the one-year-old peasant. After all, he does not have enough vocabulary to explain his desires and behavior, as well as hysteria, are his usual way of behaving. He simply does not know how. Just a couple of months ago, he only needed to whimper, and his parents instantly resorted to him, calmed him, comforted him, fulfilled desires. And today, although he has matured a little, he does not yet own another way of attracting attention. Parents need to understand that the panther himself will not be able to cope with hysterics, he simply will not be able to calm down on his own, so you should raise the child in his arms and squeeze him to him. And shouting, slapping on the pope, swearing is wrong and harmful for the further development of the child.

For a child of 1 year and 2 months, his development continues to move forward by leaps and bounds, as a result of which the crumb begins to deny parental authority, thereby striving to establish its own independence. It may seem to parents that fourteen-month-old babies especially throw everything around, but this is not so. They just scrupulously study the environment and get acquainted with uncharted objects. The concentration of the baby is not yet capable.

A child 1 year and 3 months of development involves improving the motorboat. The kid can grab a pencil with the whole brush and even sketch it, he begins to enjoy playing with sand or water, he draws his first scribbles on paper. A child at 1 year and 3 months stays steady, crouches, turns, holds the cup confidently with two handles and practically, without spilling, drinks from it, tries to eat a thick porridge from a plate with a spoon.

A child is 1 year and 4 months old and its development is characterized by the following features: the formation of the ability to recall and reproduce the actions of another subject that occurred earlier. As a result, the opportunity to learn from the baby, based on what he saw.

Child development at 1, 5 years is a time of active cognition of the environment. Therefore, the kids very much need the constant presence of the mother. Need more time to spend with the child at this stage. Improvements also appeared in physical development: he walks confidently and on different surfaces, falls less often, and when he falls, he knows how to properly group.

In the age period of eighteen months, significant positive changes in children's behavior can be seen. It may be noted the emergence of selectivity and focus in the actions of the crumbs. Now, wanting to touch an unexplored object, in the harmlessness of which the baby is not sure, he will carefully put one finger first, and then the whole palm.

Child 1 year and 8 months of development is characterized by the following features: memory improvement and an increase in the range of household skills. Children know perfectly well in which place their belongings lie. From this age period you should teach your child to collect toys after the game.

A child's development of 1.9 years suggests his emotional balance throughout the day. The karapuz becomes sensitive to various intonations; when parting with his mother, he gets bored; in unfamiliar surroundings he becomes tense, he is offended in response to punishment;

Child 1 year 10 months of development involves acquiring the ability to move up and down steps without using support or parents' help, play ball, partially dress and eat independently, hold flatware properly in the handles, turn door handles, use a handkerchief or napkin my mother's pointer.

The development of a child from 1 to 3 years should not be violent. Not all children develop the same way, and there is nothing terrible if a crumb learns to eat on its own a little later, but it, for example, has a vocabulary above the norm.