Impaired thinking in humans - this is a disorder of information processing processes, identifying relationships that link various phenomena or objects of the surrounding reality, deviations in the reflection of the essential properties of objects and in determining the connections that unite them, which gives rise to false notions and imaginary judgments about an objectively existing reality. There are several types of violations of the process of thinking, namely the disorder of the dynamics of thought processes, the pathology of the operational functioning of thinking and disorders of the motivational and personal component of mental activity. In most cases, the features of the mental operation of each patient, to qualify in the framework of one type of violation of the process of thinking is almost impossible. Often in the structure of the pathologically changed mental activity of patients there are combinations of various types of deviations that are in unequal severity. So, for example, the disorder of the process of generalization in a number of clinical cases is combined with the pathologies of purposeful thinking operations.
Impaired thinking is one of the most frequently encountered symptoms of mental illness.