Split personality - this is a relatively rare mental disorder, which is correlated to the class of dissociative pathologies. Due to this pathology, the personality of the individual is divided, which forms the feeling that two personalities coexist in one human subject. According to a different terminology, two individuals jointly existing in an individual are called two ego states.
What is the split personality? The described ailment is also called organic dissociative or dissociative personality identity disorder, personality splitting, multiple personality syndrome.
Disease split personality is characterized by "switching", due to which in the individual one person becomes a substitute for another. Ego-states may have different gender identity, differ in nationality, type of temperament, intellectual abilities, beliefs, be in different age periods. The response to the same everyday situations of the two coexisting personalities is also different. Each ego with this pathology has individual patterns of perception and an established interaction with society and the environment. The currently active person after the so-called “switch” does not remember what is happening when another ego state was active, which leads to the destruction of the life of an individual suffering from personality splitting, the occurrence of serious mental disorders. Often, individuals with this pathology are prone to suicide and committing various actions of a criminal nature.