Sociopathy - this is a specific personality disorder, consisting in the systematic violation of prescriptions and norms determined by society, heightened aggressiveness, inability to build close relationships with the environment. The nature and behavioral reactions in a patient with this ailment are also upset. Sociopaths are not prone to empathy. They ignore the social prescriptions and obligations that others perceive as extremely irresponsible. Individuals suffering from sociopathy are characterized by high conflict, inability to maintain long-term relationships, however, there are no particular difficulties in forming new contacts in sick subjects.

Sociopaths are outwardly charming, interested in the surrounding individuals, but they are not able to show responsibility in relation to them, as a result of which they are not considered with the feelings of others. Sociopaths have reduced tolerance for frustration. Hence the emergence of increased aggressiveness, in cases of impossibility to immediately get what you want. At the same time, sociopaths completely lack guilt.

The causes of sociopathy are rooted in early childhood. Since it is through parental education that a huge amount of information, knowledge and skills, behavioral reactions are laid. Initially, it is parents who teach kids to build social relationships, make contacts. There is also a genetic sociopathy that occurs as a result of a violation of the formation of a gene at the stage of embryonic development, which is responsible for making social contacts and human qualities.

Signs of Sociopathy

Sociopathy or dissocial personality disorder is not the simple unwillingness of the subject to be the same as his whole environment, but a serious violation of brain activity, which is characterized by a number of external manifestations. For the most part, sociopaths are not able to independently diagnose the presence of this ailment, but it is not difficult for the environment to identify it. The distinctive characteristics of antisocial behavior are often located on the surface, but most individuals prefer not to notice them, which carries a potential danger in themselves.

There are ten common signs of sociopathy. First place among them is given to actions of an illegal nature, manifested by subjects. Sociopath protests against accepted norms and social principles. Persons suffering from this disorder are generally more prone to actions of an illegal nature than people who do not have a history of sociopathy, and also more often have “discord” with the law. Many sociopathic personalities spend a considerable amount of their own life in correctional institutions. Unlike healthy subjects, a sociopath has no respect for the law, nor respect for the accepted rules established in society.

In the second place among the most obvious signs of sociopathy is the neglect of safety. The antisocial individual constantly demonstrates a sharp disregard for the security of his own person and the security of the environment. Often this behavior is observed in traffic. By such neglect, a sociopath shows his illusory power, thanks to which he feels superiority over society. As a result, he often commits rash acts and does not think about their consequences.

Lack of remorse after committing bad deeds is also referred to as common symptoms of this ailment. The sociopath understands that he is doing something bad or even illegal, but he does not feel guilty for himself. This feature is quite dangerous, as it is characterized by a tendency to grow into a justification of their own actions. If the antisocial individual does not feel guilty for what he has done, then the situation is still under his control, and this is no longer the case.

Another distinctive manifestation of sociopathy is hypocrisy. Since sociopaths can not cheat. For the sake of their own benefit, they can impersonate other individuals, forge documents, distribute false information. Characteristic and easily recognizable feature.

Irresponsibility is an easily recognizable and characteristic feature of a sociopathic personality. After all, a sociopath absolutely does not care about the family. He is not able to work for a long time in one place of employment, does not return debts. Instead, the sociopath directs his strength to shifting his own obligations to other people or to fleeing responsibility, often, guided by the lack of repentance, he may not give it any importance at all.

By impulsiveness and increased temper, frequent changes of mood, an abundance of unexpected ideas, along with the inability to plan their implementation, it is also possible to identify a sociopath.

Aggression and irritability, the desire for any reason to wave their fists also has a connection with dissocial personality disorder. In addition, this behavior is another cause of discord with the law. Most of the antisocial personalities are imprisoned because of the attack on people. But at the same time, almost all sociopaths are loners, aware that several subjects can create a coalition against them and give them a rebuff.

Bullying is also a frequent sign of antisocial behavior. Sociopath can be identified by its systematic demonstration of physical superiority, bullying of a weaker rival, including animals. Sociopaths are characterized by the presence of detractors, which he acquired on his own initiative.

Individuals prone to this ailment, unable to learn from their mistakes, because they do not draw conclusions. When something goes wrong, the sociopath does not change his own behavior or the order of actions, and later, as a rule, he will do the same thing.

The most serious sign of sociopathy is the destruction of private property. The desire to destroy something belonging to another sociopathic person demonstrates the challenge posed to society, norms and accepted behavior. It is much easier to destroy someone else’s property than to cause physical harm to a person, because you can get a fight back.

If a subject has three or more signs from the listed list, then one should seriously fear that he has a dissociation disorder.

Children may manifest genetic sociopathy as a result of burdened heredity or a genetic defect. It manifests itself in children who are still in the preschool age period, in the form of deviant behavior.

Signs of sociopathy in the smallest representatives of the human race are clearly expressed, since they do not yet realize the advantage that compliance with social norms and attitudes will provide them. In addition, children do not have enough experience to curb deviant impulses. Also, sociopathy in children can manifest itself in acts characterized by particular cruelty. For example, antisocial little personalities, prone to bullying animals, often reach their killing, their peers. They express disobedience with shouts, bites, and bouts of anger. Often, children sociopaths run away from home and are prone to vagrancy. Such babies rarely sincerely show love for their parents.

Symptoms of Sociopathy

Dissocial disorder begins to manifest itself in the puberty period and is preserved throughout the entire human existence. Many scientists identify the following causes of sociopathy:

- heredity, which is considered the main factor provoking this disease;

- mistakes of parenting;

- environmental factors;

- experienced stress, various psychological trauma or head injury.

Sociopaths are distinguished by destructive behavioral responses in relation to the surrounding society, the world or themselves. Often, antisocial personalities become alcohol-addicted or suffer from drug addiction, prone to promiscuous sex life. They are not inclined towards a long-term strategy or long-term planning. Any infringements of their desires, any restrictions on freedom, are tolerated by them very negatively, often, even aggressively. Therefore, they actively resist. To this end, sociopaths can use threats of physical violence or use physical force, while remorse of conscience will not torment them exactly.

Individuals suffering from an antisocial disorder are excellent manipulators, as they are unable to sense emotions, especially negative ones, and do not need interpersonal contacts. As a consequence, they perceive others as a means to achieve the desired. For them, the only acceptable option of social interaction is absolute obedience to them. The phrase "I am obliged to obey everything" most clearly describes the position of antisocial individuals. At the same time, the feelings and desires of the surrounding subjects are completely ignored. At the very beginning of the communicative interaction, sociopathic personalities produce a positive impression. If they benefit from interaction with society, they are able to follow certain rules and accepted norms for a long time.

The main manifestations of a dysocial personality disorder include rudeness to others, criminal tendencies (eg, theft, violence), attempts to manipulate, difficulty in following the regime, deceit, disagreement, increased impulsivity (often sociopathic personalities themselves do not expect some actions from themselves).

The propensity of sociopaths to addiction or abuse of alcohol-containing beverages is not a desire to escape from reality. They simply indulge their own desires. Often such people organize various religious sects and lead them. Since for them the only safe form of existence is total submission.

To diagnose a dysocial disorder is possible in the presence of at least three criteria:

- tendency to aggression, which is easily transformed into physical violence;

- lack of ability to draw conclusions, to feel guilt;

- complete indifference to the feelings of others;

- lack of empathy;

- sustainable neglect of moral duty and social norms;

- clearly pronounced nihilism;

- unwillingness to form social contacts and inability to maintain them;

- propensity to accuse the environment and to make them baseless claims;

- a comfortable feeling in any confrontation (often sociopaths themselves provoke conflicts);

These signs may be distinct or be less pronounced.

Sociopathy in children is much more difficult. However, psychologists have identified several common symptoms that allow you to diagnose a dysocial personality disorder at an early age. These include: aggressiveness, appearing from scratch, rudeness, lack of desire to interact with peers, cruelty towards the environment, unwillingness to follow ordinary standards of behavior.

Treatment of sociopathy

Antisocial personality disorder is rather difficult to treat, but several methods of corrective influence on the behavior of individuals with sociopathy can be distinguished.

How to treat sociopathy? Most studies show that this ailment cannot be completely cured, but there are ways to reduce the severity of manifestations of sociopathy. So, for example, cognitive-behavioral therapies, which are aimed at mastering control over thoughts that lead to unlawful actions, contribute to a pronounced decline in the occurrence of antisocial behavior in the adolescent environment. Since sociopaths are not able to establish stable psychotherapeutic contacts, many methods of psychotherapy will not give tangible results. The most effective are family and group therapies. Although an individual approach to dissocial disorder is needed in each case. The main task of the psychotherapist is to teach the patient to be tolerant to the close environment and adaptation mechanisms in society. It is necessary to make a sociopath think about the needs of relatives and their feelings. The main problem in treating an individual suffering from a dissocial disorder is the risk that he will only try to manipulate the psychotherapist.

Some scientists, answering the question: "how to treat a sociopathy," recommend to find out first the cause that provoked a sociopathy, with a view to eliminating it.

With all the fact that there are no medications for curing sociopathy today, some medications can be used to relieve concomitant symptoms. In particular, a common concomitant symptom of a dissocial personality disorder is depression or anxiety. Therefore, antidepressants are prescribed. Mood stabilizers are recommended for patients prone to impulsive behavior and aggressive behavior. The appointment of barbiturates or tranquilizers should be approached with caution, because patients-sociopaths are a category of increased risk of substance abuse. Of neuroleptics often prescribed Haloperidol, Sonapaks. Preparations of lithium salts are used to correct episodes of aggressive behavior.

The prognosis for exceptionally drug therapy will be neutral, and for a combination therapy, rather, it will be positive. Since sociopathy, in the literal sense, is not a disease, but refers to personal characteristics, it is more likely that patients need help in adapting to life in society and reducing the manifestations of pathological characteristics.

Today, the specific prevention of sociopathy does not exist, since the etiology is not fully understood. Among the general preventive measures, there are: the creation of a favorable climate for the development of a baby, the environment of children with care and attention, their training in interaction with society, the absence of excesses of upbringing, the development of respect for the feelings of the environment.