This type of amnesia is a pathological disorder in which the subject is not able to reproduce information about the circumstances preceding the injury. That is, retrograde amnesia memory loss is characterized by loss of several hours from it, days, often even weeks. At the same time, patients well remember everything that happened to them in the distant past, especially significant moments, such as graduation party, wedding, birth of a baby, etc.
This type of anamnestic syndrome is manifested only in the partial loss of mental functions. If to understand, the forgotten moments are recorded in memory, but there is a problem with their re-creation by the individual.
The main and practically the only manifestation of retrograde amnesia is the inability to recall moments before the injury or illness. The individual does not understand why he was in this place, what happened to him, with whom he had communicated before the injury. Such a patient looks disoriented and slightly confused. During the first hours, he may experience difficulties with the assimilation of new data and ask similar questions to others. Then the attack passes, and the memorization function is fully restored.
Treatment of retrograde amnesia should be complex and include traditional medicine, that is, the appointment of stimulating blood circulation and heart-improving drugs, nootropics and neuroprotectors, trace elements and vitamins, as well as physical therapy: electrostimulation of the cerebral cortex, color therapy, acupuncture, etc.
If amnesia is caused by a disease, then treatment is prescribed according to the underlying disease. Often, in order to fill in the memory gaps, hypnotherapy is launched, which allows patients to accurately recreate all the "lost" moments of life.
Properly matched treatment of retrograde amnesia leads to complete healing of patients.
Many are worried about the question: "amnesia, what to do?". In the first turn, you need not to panic, and immediately contact the experts.
Since the memory mechanisms are rather complicated, the recovery of lost memories is quite problematic, but possible. The outcome of the disease depends, first of all, on the cause of the memory loss, the timeliness of detection and proper treatment. Поэтому лечебные мероприятия включают: назначение препаратов, действие которых направлено на излечение основного заболевания, нейропсихологическую реабилитацию, физиотерапию и психотерапию.
It is believed that with age, problems with remembering are the norm, but what should people do if manifestations are steadily progressing, if a person can no longer think about anything except: "amnesia, what to do"? Age-related memory impairment can be associated with excessive cholesterol levels, which are deposited in the brain capillaries, thereby preventing free circulation, and degenerative changes occurring in the brain tissue itself. Therefore, the main task of treatment in age amnesia will be to prevent further memory loss. It is necessary to understand that a complete recovery in this case is impossible, but a significant slowdown of the processes is quite realistic, which will give many years of life filled with all sorts of events that will be fixed by memory.
Memory in older subjects is characterized by specific features. Most of them can not remember the dishes at yesterday's dinner, but is able to tell in some detail about some of the events of his youth.
The main focus of treatment of senile amnesia is medication, which includes: vascular drugs (for example, Trental), neuroprotectors and nootropes (for example, Piracetam, Cerebrolysin), drugs that directly affect memory and reproduction (for example, Memantine, Glycine).