Begging - is asking for money or other tangible and intangible values from strangers. For the majority of “begging”, begging is the main source of income. The problem of begging is often accompanied by vagrancy. Today, this problem is a large-scale "business", which is led by various criminal groups. Often people are forced to engage in begging and begging. Often for such a business, criminal structures attract minors or homeless people. In the states of the former CIS, in addition to all the usual begging, Internet begging is also developed, including fraud on dating portals or in social networks.
Today, begging, childish and senile begging has become almost the fundamental way of being and life meaning. The psychology of the tramp is characterized by specific adaptability and special flexibility. This kind of "earnings" today for many is practically the only means of solving financial and material problems.
The problem of begging in the twenty-first century became a socio-economic phenomenon, which is characterized by a directly proportional dependence on the growth of unemployment, poverty, and the presence of crisis periods in the development of society. Along with this, the main part of the beggars, being drawn into idleness, turns into “professional” beggars. The tendency to begging as a means of adaptation to the social environment can be formed on the foundation of envy and laziness in childhood. Thus, the begging of minors and adults is a kind of negative manipulation, which consists in the pursuit of idleness, idleness and existence at the expense of others.
It is possible to distinguish the main forms of the described phenomenon:
- the desire for parasitism, idleness and irresponsibility, such individuals are sure that kind-hearted people will always help out;
- a form of business that exploits the sense of pity of spiritual subjects.
The second form is peculiar to various scammers and criminal elements, who either use begging for profit or force other subjects to beg for money or material values for themselves. Most often, minors are used for this purpose.
Involvement in begging is the deliberate incitement or coercion of representatives of socially disadvantaged groups of the population or minors to systematically solicit material and financial values from people.
Regardless of the form, the described phenomenon has the same external manifestations, which are expressed in asking for alms, asking for help, portraying oneself as disabled, in order to soften people.
Adult and child begging is impossible without a favorable nutrient medium, which consists of the short-sighted kindness of citizens, a social culture based on the premise that the weak and the needy need privileges.
The large-scale distribution of the World Wide Web provided an opportunity to have the Internet for personal home use, which opened up broad “prospects” for beggars and various frauds.
Thanks to the colorful and eye-catching advertisements, special phrases that make the portal visitors believe in their own sincerity, the “network” beggars today have the opportunity to “breed” people with grace and ease by playing on their feelings. In the states - members of the former CIS provides for punishment for begging, in part of the involvement of a minor in the commission of this act.
The begging of minors and the neuropsychological factors of vagrancy represent a certain connection between certain types of violent and recurrent acts, as well as dezaptivnyh crimes.
The living environment for existence is different. In the course of the emergence of various factors of progress, worsening the socio-economic level, the state may experience elementary starvation of certain sectors of society, poverty. Due to lack of livelihood, unemployment, drunkenness of parents, poor habitat, there is such a social phenomenon as adult and child begging. This phenomenon for individuals is the only way out of this situation.
Begging with children, begging in the subway, on the Internet, and transport is often not a solution to economic problems, but a means of getting rid of hunger, a struggle for one’s own existence and children.
The psychology of begging in modern interpretation is such that vagrants and beggars simply parasitize on society, exploit the people involved in the production of a social product.
Among the reasons that cause child and senile begging, in the first turn, naturally, poverty is singled out. 85% of the beggars were the ones who pushed this way. Negative impact of the environment or the family (for example, alcoholism of relatives or violence in the family), lack of supervision by parents, forcing parents to beg, lack of function of social institutions, low incomes of the population, lack of "normal" work - all of these are factors causing a phenomenon.
It is believed that the first users of income received by minors by asking for is the closest environment, that is, the family. This is followed by other subjects practicing engaging in begging for the crumbs. The children themselves use the bribed "benefits" only last. That is why most states have criminal liability for begging, in terms of involving minors in this process.
In society, begging will grow and develop until social institutions work properly with populations, dysfunctional families, until the income of citizens rises, as long as there are kind-hearted individuals who are easy to manipulate.
Prevention of begging should contain a system of activities carried out by administrative structures aimed at providing social support, medical care, social protection of the legitimate interests and rights of individuals who find themselves in difficult conditions, strengthening public order, creating jobs.
Implementation of measures for social adaptation and labor rehabilitation of individuals, who find themselves in extreme conditions, with the aim of renewing their impaired abilities for social, living and professional activities, providing them with housing, and integrating into society - prevention of begging should be focused on this .
Begging and vagrancy
The described phenomenon as a social phenomenon existed in all epochs. For example, at the beginning of the tribal state of the Slavs, people who had lost their place in the tribe, that is, the subjects that their people pushed out of their ranks (for theft, cowardice, manifested in battle), were engaged in begging.
In the future, with the formation of states, the development of trade, the emergence of artisans, the formation of a family institution, layers of the population are born that remain outside of society (for example, cripples, having no family, frail old people who have no shelter). However, even in those times, people did not always begging because of the impact of negative circumstances. They were begging because they are so profitable. It is easier for such people to beg, than by their own labor, to earn a slice of bread.
Since then, almost nothing has changed: some are being pushed into needy poverty, others are lazy and idle. Only the forms of manifestation of this phenomenon have changed; they have become more diverse. Today, such forms as the phenomenon being described are more common: begging in the subway, transport, shops, train stations, Internet portals, begging with children.
A similar way of life in modern society is gaining more and more popularity, because there is no punishment for begging or parasitism.
It is believed that begging and vagrancy have a common origin. In addition, the followers of this "movement" are connected by their unwillingness to change their own worldview, lifestyle, principles. They are satisfied with such an existence.
Vagrancy is an image of being an individual who exists in poverty, wanders around, does not have a stable legal income and a permanent job.
In different countries, the relation of the law to the phenomenon described varied depending on the epoch. Previously, in some states, people were criminally responsible for begging and vagrancy. In others, this way of life was considered only an asocial phenomenon, contributing to the involvement of subjects in criminal activities. In addition, the definitions of this concept differed from a legal point of view, as well as the signs according to which an individual could be attributed to the community of vagrants.
Today, in a number of member states of the former community, there is only a criminal penalty for involving minors in begging or vagrancy. At the same time, it does not apply if the described act was committed by the parent of a teenager due to difficult life circumstances, provoked by the loss of a source of income or place of residence.