Psychology and Psychiatry

Nervous exhaustion

Nervous exhaustion It is a special psycho-emotional state that arises as a result of a high intellectual or emotional load, as well as endured stress. This condition can be both a symptom and a precursor of depression, can be a disorder of the intellect, manifested by various clinical symptoms, which can be a great many, while suffering memory, cognitive abilities, physical condition, etc.

Nervous exhaustion significantly affects the quality of life of an individual: he is not able to fully work, communicate with other people, enjoy life and rest. This disorder develops under the conditions of monotonous work with a significant load in a short time, which significantly depletes the human nervous system.

What is nervous exhaustion? Psycho-emotional states and disorders such as asthenic neurosis, neurasthenia, nervous exhaustion, and chronic fatigue are also understood as nervous exhaustion.

Causes of nervous exhaustion

Constant stress is the reality of today's bustling life and nervous exhaustion often accompanies everything — workaholics, for whom work always comes first. This psycho-emotional state occurs when a combination of hard work with a more or less prolonged mental trauma and the lack of quality sleep and rest.

The causes of nervous exhaustion are often overwork, in which the individual spends more energy than he is able to “accumulate” and therefore the body is depleted. It also concerns the nervous system.

Scientists have already proved that increased mental and emotional stress, lack of rest and sleep, an excited state, bad habits, stresses and experiences significantly tire the human brain. If the body does not take a breather, then the individual will emotionally “burn out” and nervous exhaustion will ensue. Normally, an individual needs to alternate emotional relaxation with mental activity, a state of excitement followed by inhibition and rest. If this does not happen, then the likelihood of development of nervous exhaustion and depression is great.

Often this condition occurs unnoticed and is expressed as a slight fatigue. Provided that if a person fatigue is ignored, then gradually it accumulates, and is accompanied by symptoms of nervous exhaustion. The more time passes, the more acute these symptoms become.

Symptoms of nervous exhaustion

The depletion of the nervous system is accompanied by the following symptoms:

- recurrent migraines and headaches, which are squeezing in nature and occur at the slightest load;

- psychosomatic disorders. Symptoms are characterized by skin problems, unpleasant bodily sensations, visual disturbances, allergies, loss of appetite;

- Intimate disorders: erectile dysfunction - a decrease in men’s sexual desire to complete loss, orgasmic dysfunction, which is observed in women as well as men;

- inability to concentrate. This symptom is characterized by difficulty in setting and understanding the information;

- there are marked cardiac arrhythmias, there are "jumps" in blood pressure, there is a feeling of cold and numbness in the limbs;

- digestive disorders, nausea, insomnia, vomiting, nightmares;

- there are violations of orientation and coordination in space, memory and speech;

- In some cases, nervous exhaustion may be accompanied by symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia: pressure fluctuations, palpitations, a slight decrease in body temperature (up to 35 degrees);

- depression.

Signs of nervous exhaustion

For this psycho-emotional state characterized by the following signs:

- irritability. This symptom is characterized by a sharp, but short burst of anger. Literally everyone starts to annoy a person: close people, sounds, personal habits and habits of other people;

- impatience. The individual badly endures any, even minute, expectations;

- hypersensitivity to light, sounds, smells;

- sleep disorders. With this symptom, it is hard for an individual to fall asleep - sleep is superficial and disturbing, thoughts are spinning in his head, often nightmares occur. On awakening, weakness and fatigue are felt;

- low self-esteem. The ill person perceives himself as a loser and becomes completely insecure;

- chronic fatigue, lethargy, weakness, fatigue, decrease in physical activity, a feeling of overwork, any movement needs incredible efforts;

- there is a constant need for rest, after which the state of health improves for a short period of time;

- attempts to engage in intellectual activities end in failure and all activities of such a plan are unproductive;

- a person in a relaxed atmosphere cannot relax;

- constant "nebula" of thoughts, difficulty remembering;

- negative emotions, doubts, low mood, constant anxiety, life is not happy.

Treatment of nervous exhaustion

The treatment of this psycho-emotional state should be approached in a comprehensive manner. But first, for effective treatment of the disorder, it is necessary to eliminate the causes that provoked it.

To speed up the treatment of nervous exhaustion, suffering from this disease, you should take breaks for outdoor activities while doing work, as well as properly organize your labor activities without getting tired.

Nervous exhaustion, how to recover? With proper treatment, the nervous disease passes rather quickly and the sick person recovers. But often people seek treatment not for a psychotherapist, but for doctors who treat only the consequences of this neurosis (exacerbation of chronic diseases, reduced immunity, etc.), and not the cause. And since the cause has not been eliminated, there is no complete recovery.
From the nervous exhaustion of the body, you can quickly recover if you normalize sleep. For early treatment, you should use the simple rules:

- get up at the same time in the morning;

- not to do other things in bed (reading, working at a laptop, eating, watching TV);

- should go to bed, only after the appearance of fatigue; - a person does not need to make efforts to fall asleep in bed, so you can not lie down and wait for sleep. If you cannot fall asleep, it will be better to get up and do something;

- before bedtime, you should avoid taking alcohol, caffeine, and a hearty dinner;

- effective in the treatment of exercise, swimming, long walks in the fresh air;

- to establish a balanced and regular diet;

- practice relaxation, by which is meant everything that will help a person to relax: meditation, warm baths, hypnosis, listening to music with the sounds of nature, etc.
Nervous exhaustion of the body should not be underestimated, since this condition is capable of causing great harm to a person. Therefore, the treatment of this condition is not always quick and easy, in some cases requires inpatient treatment.

Drug therapy includes taking various drugs:

- nootropics;

- drugs that restore brain cells;

- vitamins;

- antidepressants;

- vasodilators.