Asthenia - this is an imperceptibly progressive psychopathological disorder. This pathology means impotence, painful condition or chronic fatigue, manifested in the exhaustion of the body with increased fatigue and with extreme instability of mood, impatience, sleep disturbance, restlessness, weakening of self-control, loss of ability to physical and prolonged mental stress, intolerance to bright light, sharp smells and loud noises.

In sick people, irritable weakness is noted, which is expressed in increased excitability and the onset of rapid exhaustion, lowering of mood with displeasure, tearfulness, and capriciousness.

The condition of fatigue appears due to debilitating infections, diseases of internal organs, intoxication, mental, emotional and physical overvoltages, in case of improperly organized diet, work, rest, as well as mental and nervous ailments.

An asthenic condition that develops because of anxiety, nervous overstrain, difficult, often protracted conflicts and experiences is called neurasthenia. The correct classification of asthenic syndrome helps the doctor in determining the tactics of therapy.

Causes of fatigue

Often severe asthenia occurs after illness or on their background, after suffering prolonged stress.

Asthenia specialists consider it a psychopathological state and are considered to be the initial stage of development of serious neurological and mental diseases.

This disorder should be able to differentiate from the usual weakness or fatigue after an illness. The main distinctive criterion is the fact that after fatigue and illness, the body independently and gradually returns to normal after a good sleep and nutrition, a good rest. But asthenia without complex therapy can last for months, and in some cases for years.

Common causes of asthenia include:

- overstrain of higher nervous activity;

- lack of nutrient and essential trace elements;

- pathological disorder of metabolic processes.

In most cases, all of these factors in different age periods arise in the life of each individual, but they do not always provoke the development of asthenic disorders. Violations and injuries in the work of the nervous system, somatic diseases can push the development of asthenia. Moreover, the symptoms and signs of fatigue can occur both in the midst of the disease, and before the disease itself or during the recovery period.

Among the diseases that lead to asthenia, experts identify several groups:

- gastrointestinal diseases - severe dyspeptic disorders, gastritis, ulcers, pancreatitis, enterocolitis;

- infections - food poisoning, ARVI, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis;

- diseases of the cardiovascular system - arrhythmias, heart attack, hypertension;

- neurological disorders;

- renal pathologies - chronic pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis;

- diseases of the bronchopulmonary system - chronic bronchitis, pneumonia;

- injuries, the postoperative period.

This disorder often develops in individuals who, without work, do not think of their existence and for this reason are not sleeping enough and deny themselves rest. This condition may develop in the initial period of the disease of internal organs, for example, with coronary disease and accompany it, being one of its manifestations (for example, with tuberculosis, peptic ulcer and other chronic diseases), or find itself as a consequence of ended acute illness ( influenza, pneumonia).

Signs of asthenia also reveal themselves when changing jobs, places of residence, after serious worries and troubles.

Symptoms of asthenia

All manifestations of asthenia are directly dependent on the underlying disease that provoked it. For example, in hypertension, an unpleasant sensation occurs in the region of the heart, in atherosclerosis, memory is disturbed and tearing is manifested.

Refining the features of the asthenic state often helps in recognizing the underlying disease.

This disorder has characteristic symptoms belonging to three main groups:

- manifestations of asthenia;

- a breakdown due to a condition causing the basis of the disease;

- psychological reaction of the patient to asthenia itself.

The main symptoms of asthenia include fatigue, which does not disappear even after a long rest and does not allow an individual to concentrate at work, leading to a lack of desire in any kind of activity, absent-mindedness.

Even own efforts and self-control do not help a sick person to return to the necessary rhythm of life.

The development of an asthenic state often leads to an increase / decrease in heart rate, blood pressure jumps, decreased appetite, interruptions in heart function, dizziness and headaches, a feeling of chills or fever throughout the body.

Disorders of intimate function and sleep disorders are noted. In asthenic disorder, the individual does not fall asleep for a long time, wakes up early or wakes up in the middle of the night. Sleep is often restless, does not bring the desired rest. A patient experiencing asthenic symptoms understands that something is wrong with him and begins to react anxiously to his condition. He is experiencing sharp drops in mood, there are flashes of aggression and rudeness, often losing his composure.

Chronic asthenia leads to the development of neurasthenia and depression.

Signs of asthenia

In medical practice, asthenia is classified in many ways. This is done in order to choose the right tactics of therapy.

Asthenia, what is it? Thus, the term asthenia in medicine denotes a complex of disorders in an individual, which are found in increased fatigue, loss of interest in life, sleep disturbances, instability of mood, and indifference to food.

Asthenia for reasons of origin is divided into the following types:

- organic, developing after somatic and infectious diseases, degenerative changes and injuries in the brain;

- functional, developing, as a protective reaction to stress or depression, excessive mental and physical exertion.

The duration of the course of this disorder is attributed to acute and chronic. Often, acute asthenia is functional.

The chronic course of the disease is due to organic disorders.

According to clinical signs, this disorder is divided into:

- hyposthenic form, which manifests itself in any external stimuli by a reduced reaction;

- hypersthenic form, which is characterized by increased excitability and irritability of the patient.

Asthenic syndrome for reasons of occurrence is divided into postpartum, post-infectious, post-traumatic, somatogenic. Correct classification of the syndrome helps the doctor to determine the tactics of treatment.

A characteristic sign for asthenia will be the condition when the patient feels rather well in the morning, and after lunch all signs and symptoms begin to increase. By evening, the asthenic state often reaches its maximum.

With this disorder, there is also an increased sensitivity to harsh sounds and bright light sources.

People of all ages are often prone to asthenic conditions, often signs of this disease are found in adolescents and children. Asthenic, chronic disorders lead to confusion and disruption of concentration, so many people find it difficult to work with complex equipment. In today's youth, asthenia is often associated with taking narcotic and psychogenic drugs.

It is necessary to take asthenia very seriously, because it is not mere fatigue, but a disease that, if not properly treated, can lead to serious consequences.

The diagnosis of asthenia can be properly established after a thorough survey and examination of a person, then his treatment begins.

Treatment of asthenia

To determine the underlying cause of the development of asthenia, it is necessary to determine the presence of pathological disorders in the body. Evaluation of psycho-emotional and neurological condition is carried out by a neurologist, as well as a psychotherapist (psychiatrist). The patient is prescribed the consultations of a therapist, cardiologist, nephrologist, pulmonologist, gastroenterologist, and, if necessary, other narrow specialists.

Assign gastroscopy, blood tests, MRI of the brain, radiography of the lungs, according to the indications of ultrasound of the internal organs, gastroscopy. And only on the basis of all the data obtained during a comprehensive examination, the attending physician decides on the choice of treatment regimen. Often with timely treatment in a medical facility, functional asthenia is eliminated in a few weeks.

Specialists designate a fortifying treatment - taking vitamin complexes, glucose, observing proper organization of rest and work, full and regular meals, walks, performing special physical exercises, restoring sleep, giving up bad habits, and changing the scope of activities if necessary.

When asthenia, it is recommended to use products containing tryptophan protein contained in foods such as bananas, cheese, wholemeal bread, eggs, turkey and so on. It is also useful to use constantly fresh fruits and berries.

In most cases, drug therapy of asthenia is reduced to taking adaptogens - Eleutherococcus, Schizandra, ginseng. Often prescribed complexes of vitamins with such essential trace elements as magnesium, zinc, potassium. The psychiatrist prescribes antidepressants based on the examination of the patient and the severity of his asthenic disorder. If necessary, prescribed nootropics, small doses of anabolic steroids, sedatives, as well as some other drugs.

In the absence of proper treatment, asthenia can lead to the development of a depressive state, neurasthenia, and hysteria. The success in the treatment of this disease depends on the mood of the patient to recover. The main thing to remember is that a timely visit to the doctor is able to return to a former life in a short period.