Passivity is a behavioral model of a person and a negative moral and ethical personality trait. It manifests itself in inaction, detachment, lack of initiative, indifference, indifference to communications, environmental requirements and external influences. More precisely, the phenomenon in question is a character trait, which is found in psychological weakness, inability to bring to the end the work begun, inability to take initiative actions to take responsibility.
Passivity is considered one of the variations of manifestations of fear of being, its difficulties and problems. In addition, this feature is also a form of manifestation of aggressiveness. If the subject suppresses anger by accumulating negative, if he feels the fear of open rivalry and is afraid to demonstrate his position in public, then the passive-aggressive behavioral model is most likely characteristic of him.
What it is
The phenomenon under consideration is a personality trait, a character trait expressed in inactivity, lack of initiative, indifference, lack of will, desire for independence. Also, passive individuals have a lack of habit for regular intellectual efforts, social passivity, which is considered to be the main causes of detachment from activity. The opposite of this term is considered activity. A specific variation of passivity is considered infantilism.
Passivity may occur as a result of "greenhouse" education as a reaction to the external influence of the environment due to the feeling of powerlessness and hopelessness, the inability to change something.
So what does a passive person mean? This is an individual, detached from the events of being. A person who avoids initiative, activity. He seeks to move away from the need for decision-making, to avoid responsibility. The existence of such individuals is devoid of brightness and eventfulness.
The manifestation of passivity is considered a barometer of mental immaturity or civic infantilism. Previously there was the concept of "passivism", meaning a behavioral model consisting in avoiding any interference with fate or events occurring on the planet. This position was justified by the inability to predict the consequences of the intervention. From this term occurred the phenomenon in question.
Passive individuals have weak energy, are immersed in a variety of dependencies, go deep into themselves. Often they can analyze for years the reasons that gave rise to their own passivity, but they are not ready to take concrete actions in order to eliminate it.
Despite the foregoing, it would still be wrong to consider passivity, detachment from being pathology or a completely negative trait. Sometimes indifference is the natural state of man. In difficult situations, passivity contributes to the concentration of energy accumulation and its direction to the solution of weaving important tasks, rethinking values or the situation. The described form of passivity is a normal stage of personality formation.
At the same time, these types of passivity are distinguished: social, indifference in relations and intellectual. The first one does not give an individual the opportunity to show socially active behavior, to take care of nature, those around him, and society. Moral benchmarks that determine the individual, as well as his position in society with social passivity are made of little importance.
The passivity of the person in the relationship generates constant conflicts and often leads to the rupture of the union, but often can strengthen such a relationship, if one of the partners is a leader in character.
Intellectual passivity is expressed in a decrease in the level of intellectual processes, more often due to the characteristics of upbringing, poor personal motivation, or due to deviations in mental maturation.
Reasons for passivity
Reduced interest in the outside world can be generated by a variety of reasons. Below are the most significant ones:
- the impact of stressors such as: conflicts in family relationships, confrontation in the team, loss of a loved one;
- Abuse of alcohol-containing liquids or intoxicants;
- taking contraceptive drugs that affect the production of hormones, or pharmacopoeial drugs that lower the pressure;
- a side effect of the use of hypnotic drugs, steroids or antibiotics;
- vitamin deficiency;
- lack of sunlight;
- professional activity that provoked emotional burnout;
- physical overvoltage.
In addition, it should be noted among the probable causes of passivity and a number of ailments, namely, paralysis, cancer, diabetes, brain damage, abnormalities in the functioning of the endocrine system, schizophrenia, chronic somatic ailments.
Passivity in the behavior of the fair sex is often a precursor of the onset of premenstrual syndrome. It is also observed in people who spend a long time in emotional overstrain, without rest and unloading.
Often indifference and detachment are due to heredity. Also provoke the appearance of passivity may lack of motivation, directly related to the needs of the individual and his interests.
The presence of several opposed incentives that confront the individual to make a choice can often give rise to a passive attitude.
In addition to the above factors, the general weakening of the body due to a prolonged serious illness or overwork also leads to indifference to what is happening.
Passivity is sometimes a consciously chosen life path or unintentional, being a function of protection due to exposure to stressors.
The dynamics of transformations occurring in society and the world, forcing people to relate differently to being, in a new way to comprehend various aspects of existence. Of the mass of problems posed by historical development, the most acute problem today is aimed at overcoming social inertia.
Social passivity means the absence of socially proactive behavior, unwillingness to take care of others, indifference to nature, society.
Now there is an obvious contradiction between the passivity, indifference, worldview indifference, the political immaturity of many citizens and the need of society for the active participation of the entire working population and each individual in social reorganizations.
The passivity of society as a multivalued concept outlines certain social ties, the nature of people and the way of life, an altered social psychology, a specific world view.
Social passivity is a qualitative characteristic of the position of the individual, which is inherent: lack of desire, inertia, immaturity, detachment, stagnation, lack of need to perform socially significant actions, evasion from the realization of knowledge and abilities.
The danger of social inaction and passivity consists in shackling activity, initiative, and independence.
The nature of the phenomenon described is the disharmony of the existing situation with the needs, the individual’s detachment from society, gaps in economic relations, non-observance of social justice, restriction of personal interest, lack of political institutions, bureaucratization of power structures, weakness of democratic customs. From the spiritual and practical side, the causes of social inertia are considered: low degree of culture, lack of spirituality, irresponsibility, selfishness, mental laziness. The following negative phenomena contribute to preserving the stability of passivity of individuals: deformation of the way of being, harmful and outdated customs, backward habits, excessive religiosity, dependency, consumer attitude.
Intellectual inertness is commonly understood as a decrease in the level of mental activity, which is primarily due to the peculiarities of upbringing. It manifests itself by the insufficient development of intellectual skills, a negative attitude towards mental activity, the use of devious ways in solving intellectual tasks.
Intellectual passivity of a person manifests itself unequally. It is hidden, and can be characterized by a bright manifestation of manifestations. Early signs of the phenomenon under consideration can be observed in the preschool period. More clearly intellectual indifference is manifested in younger students in the form of the impossibility of assimilating knowledge in the right amount.
Analyzing the phenomenon under consideration, scientists have suggested that intellectual inertia is of two variations. The first is due to deviations in the operational-technical apparatus of intellectual activity. The second is a manifestation of the negative trend in the formation of the motivational-need sphere.
The vastness of manifestations distinguish between selective and general intellectual indifference. The first is found in a selective attitude towards objects and types of activity.
The occurrence of the described feature is often due to the cognitive level of the family, since the child spends most of his time with his relatives. A distinctive feature of the cognitive level of the family is: the basic level of knowledge of relatives, the prevailing climate in family relationships, the joint spending of free time, interests, hobbies. Also here you should take into account the occurrence in children of the following "useful" qualities: initiative, independence, awareness of their own actions and deeds.
Passivity in relationships
The phenomenon under consideration as a personality trait is a tendency towards inactive existence, indifference and lack of initiative in relation to the partner, the requirements of the environment. This is the inability to show one's own will, the inability to show independence in family relationships.
Passivity is the inability of an individual to become the creator of his own destiny and relationships. This is a voluntary renunciation of initiative, choice. Such a person deliberately chooses the position of the slave. His direction of behavior is always obvious and predictable, it manifests itself in "nothing less." A passive individual in a relationship always loses only a secondary role that suits him.
The consequences of passivity in a relationship often lead to the rupture of the latter. As a partner gets tired of dragging the brunt of living on his own shoulders, when the second participant in the relationship prefers a lifestyle of detachment from everyday problems, family troubles, and diversity of relationships.
Passivity in relationships is an adaptation of a partner in a love affair, limited by a well-established framework, and therefore does not require additional efforts from him. However, the environment is dynamic, the environment is changeable. Its stability is only temporary and unstable, because reality either collapses or develops, but does not remain unchanged. That is why inertness in all spheres of life is destructive. An individual who chose a path without growth, improvement, runs the risk of finding himself outside the environment in which he previously felt confident.
Often, the individual makes passive authoritarian parenting, in which the initiative is impatiently suppressed, enthusiasm is not in high esteem, any activity is pacified and not welcomed.
How to get rid of passivity
In order to eliminate this negative trait or model of existence, it is necessary, above all, to say goodbye to laziness.
Overcoming passivity requires a clear vision of tomorrow. Therefore, you should make a schedule of planned cases, paying attention to the smallest details and not forgetting to leave time for amenities.
Since the phenomenon under consideration may arise due to the lack of understanding of an individual's own aspirations and desires, the fight against him must be defined in one large-scale goal for himself, describing step by step the stages of its achievement. That motivation is considered the main engine of activity.
In addition to the above, it is recommended not to forget about self-esteem, since it often fluctuates among passive subjects, you should strive to increase your own initiative and activity, regardless of the areas of activity.
Passive personalities love to reproach themselves. They tirelessly reflect on their own laziness, on imperfect deeds, regarding themselves as "bad." Therefore, in order to overcome inertia, positive thinking should be included. It is necessary to try to remember past victories, successes, their winning qualities, talents. It is best to record your victories and achievements, even if at first they are insignificant. You should also praise yourself for your determination to get rid of passivity.
In order to get rid of indifference and detachment, in addition to the above tips, it is recommended not to forget about the classical rules that help to improve the general condition. First of all, it is necessary to spend more time in the fresh air, to follow a rational diet, to avoid exposure to stressors, to abandon harmful habits, to regularly engage in sports.
Thus, the most important thing in combating passivity is to take the first step: decide to change the usual and convenient style of being.