Psychology and Psychiatry

Heart neurosis

Heart neurosis - This is a kind of functional cardiac pathology. It is also called cardioneurosis. The performance of the heart is characterized by autonomy, as a result of which its functioning during normal activity is not noticed. The causes of cardiac neurosis are associated with intense physical exertion or strong emotional overstrain, which provokes the acceleration of cardiac activity. Thus, answering the question of the townsfolk: "neurosis of the heart, what is it?" You can imagine it as one of the types of nervous breakdown. It is observed in almost 10% of the population. People who are characterized by a weak psyche and temperament of a melancholic person are more often affected.

Symptoms of neurosis of the heart

The described ailment is a frequent symptom of general neurotic states.

Heart neurosis, what is it? The term “neurosis of the heart” is usually understood to mean a functional disorder of the heart’s work that occurs on the background of mental disorders, for example, in hysteria.

The mechanism of origin and further development of the disease described is to weaken the activity of the cerebral cortex, as a result of which dysfunction occurs in the subcortical centers of the ganglion nervous system.

Factors predisposing to the emergence of cardioneurosis are:

- various infectious diseases, including neuroinfection;

- hormonal disruptions (for example, in the puberty period, during menopause or pregnancy); manifestations of emotional lability;

- various diseases that caused chronic fatigue of the body;

- traumatic brain injury.

Despite the above typical factors for the occurrence of the described pathology, the most common causes of heart neurosis are stressful situations, excessive physical exertion and mental overstrain. Also a huge role in the dysfunction of the vegetative regulation of cardiac activity is played by the use of alcoholic and caffeine-containing beverages, and smoking.

Neurosis of the heart, its symptoms and treatment are not very diverse and complex. The most common symptom of this disorder is chest pain, as well as uncomfortable painful sensations in the region of the heart. Often, such sensations may radiate to the left shoulder blade and arm. Heartbeat interruptions can occur even with minor anxiety or excitement. In addition, in patients with individuals, the appearance of feeling is observed, as if the heart stops, there is an attack of palpitations or a strong pulsation felt by the whole body. Cardialgias vary in duration and nature. They can be aching or stitching, short-term and lasting a few minutes. Also, patients may feel a "lump" in the throat. It is often difficult for them to breathe in, resulting in a feeling of air deficiency, leading to a feeling of suffocation.

Symptoms of cardioneurosis:

- subfebrile temperature with its subsequent decrease (below 36 ° C);

- labile blood pressure;

- the appearance of dyspeptic disorders in the form of nausea, which has no connection with food intake, vomiting, belching, pain in the abdomen;

- rapid fatigability with a slight load;

- general weakness and asthenia;

- headaches;

- constant drowsiness or vice versa insomnia;

- unexpected hot flashes or heat;

- increased sweating;

- numbness of the limbs;

- redness of the chest and face, parasthesia.

If the signs of cardioneurosis appear on the background of depressive mental disorders, then the following symptoms are often noted: feeling of sadness, tremor of the extremities, feeling of tension inside, fear of death, tearfulness.

Heart neurosis is often accompanied by various phobias (especially cardiophobia). In addition, often panic attack and neurosis of the heart go together, in essence, they are one ailment. Cardiac neurosis is considered to be characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations, but the most frequent symptoms are still heart pains and panic attacks, which are an agonizing, inexplicable attack of anxiety, accompanied by a feeling of fear combined with a variety of somatic symptoms.

Panic attack and neurosis of the heart have a certain dynamics of dysfunction of the nervous system, such as avoiding the possibility of facing an outsider, hypochondria.

Heart pain with neurosis

Cardioneurosis is more often a symptom of general neurosis, in other words, it is a consequence of dysfunction of the nervous system.

With the neurosis of the heart, there is no so-called organic pathology or structural damage to the cardiac tissue, but there are pains in the sternum area.

Most neurosis occurs in individuals, characterized by a certain structure of higher nervous activity. In other words, subjects more prone to anxiety, emotional lability, causeless anxiety are more susceptible to neurosis.

The cause of the neurosis of the heart is often hidden in the children's age period. For example, children raised in conditions of increased care, accustomed to obeying strong parents, unable to make independent decisions and defend their own position, are more likely to give birth to cardioneurosis. After all, in adulthood, they are rather dependent on familiar surroundings, they constantly fear the negative impact on their own lives and prefer not to resist life's troubles, but to go with the flow. The main concern of such people is the state of their own health. It does not matter if there are objective reasons for concern.

Cardioneurosis is considered a type of nervous breakdown. It can be triggered, for example, by the death of a loved one, an emotional breakdown in relationships, changes in the familiar living environment, etc. In such conditions, an uncontrollable persistent fear of dying from a cardiovascular pathology arises. In the future, any change in the person’s mood (in the direction of deterioration or improvement), a slight emotional shake up, so that heart pains and complaints of disturbance of the heart activity appear, which further increase the anxiety in relation to one's own health, and multiplies the fear of dying. Thus, a vicious circle is formed: experiences give rise to symptoms of dysfunction of cardiac activity, which in turn provokes an escalation of anxiety, causing even greater deterioration of the condition. Breaking such a vicious circle is quite difficult.

Neurosis of the heart, symptoms and treatment in this case implies psychological assistance rather than medical therapy. Since the symptoms of cardioneurosis are not caused by a somatic disorder.

Heart pains in this type of neurosis are caused solely by the presence of increased anxiety, in other words, they are triggered by thoughts of a possible disruption of cardiac activity. There is no other reason for the occurrence of cardialgia. However, a person who is constantly in a state of heightened anxiety feels real pain in the retrosternal space. Therefore, such patients become quite suspicious, invariably change doctors, voluntarily subject themselves to numerous repeated analyzes and examinations, but they cannot find the real cause of their own illness.

It follows that the neurosis of the heart develops incrementally. After all, the reason for the discomfort in the chest region is not established, therefore, there is reason for even greater concern. In other words, the individual forms a borderline obsessive state, which in addition to heart pain, and other symptoms appear.

A person suffering from heart neurosis has a characteristic behavior. He is immersed in himself, his thoughts revolve exclusively around his own painful condition. Patients with cardiac neurosis are indifferent to the world and environmental problems. Even the problems of close faces they do not care. At the same time, they describe their own state in some detail and with great care, listing in detail all the symptoms, their severity, time of appearance and character. Usually, they complain of fatigue, general breakdown, tearfulness, apathy, inability to concentrate, to perform work that requires precise action or concentration.

Painful sensations in the retrosternal space during cardiac neurosis may vary in duration and character. They are paroxysmal or multi-day not disappearing. Different patients feel different variations of pain: pressure and pressure, aching and dull pain, sharp and piercing pain. In addition, it is possible to spread cardialgia to the entire surface of the chest, as well as to the neck, upper limb and lower jaw.

In addition to pain in the heart area, cardiac neurosis often also has other symptoms, such as shortness of breath, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, pulsation in large capillaries, fluctuations in blood pressure, dizziness, and some others.

According to the appearance of the subject, the description of his own state and a number of distinctive features, he can be diagnosed with cardioneurosis. For example, pain during angina associated with physical exertion or excessive emotional stress. Real heart pains prevent the patient from describing them verbatim, as this increases the pain, the patient on the contrary tends to rest. Pain in cardiac neurosis with physical effort is in no way connected, but a clear correlation with changes in the emotional background can be noted. Minor mood changes cause cardialgia. A patient with loud and visible pleasure talks about them, thereby attracting additional attention.

Heart pains during neurosis sometimes appear paroxysmal and accompany panic attack.

So, pain with cardioneuroses are as follows:

- stabbing, blunt, compressing behind the sternum;

- may irradiate to the neck, scapula, upper limb;

- they may be accompanied by shortness of breath, reaching to suffocation;

- often cardialgia is accompanied by fear of death, anxiety and panic attack.

Treatment of heart neurosis

Before answering the question: "how to treat a heart neurosis", it is necessary to understand the diagnostic methods. Since the outcome of the disease depends on the accuracy of the diagnosis. The described disease progresses rapidly, as a result of which it can lead to quite serious consequences.

Therefore, the neurosis of the heart, the treatment of drugs depends on the timeliness of detection of the disease. Due to the specificity of the clinical picture of cardiac neurosis, physicians have to conduct a thorough examination in order to rule out another pathology of the cardiovascular system. For the diagnosis, in the first turn, using electrocardiographic research and echocardiography. These methods allow to exclude the development of ischemic disease, the presence of heart disease, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy and other disorders.

The following primary studies are required to identify and determine the neurosis of the heart, symptoms and treatment of folk remedies:

- auscultation (listening);

- blood pressure measurement;

- palpation of the rhythm of the pulse.

An interviewing of the patient is also conducted, during which the specialist needs to discover the facts of emotional experiences, mental shocks, and increased stress. Only based on all of the above information can you correctly diagnose heart neurosis, symptoms and treatment of folk remedies.

Cardioneuroses require a comprehensive therapeutic approach and close observation, since the disease described is characterized by polysymptomaticity.

How to treat heart neurosis?

It is believed that psychotherapy is the main therapeutic method in the treatment of heart neurosis. However, psychotherapeutic effects are recommended to be combined with drug therapy. Only complex treatment is effective and allows to eliminate all manifestations.

The task of the psychotherapist is to identify the "grain" of spiritual experiences. The most frequent psychological manifestations of cardioneurosis are dissatisfaction with one's own person, personal life, and profession. These problems lead to fatigue, a decrease in the resistance of the immune system, signs of exhaustion of the mechanisms of nervous regulation appear.

Also, with the success in the treatment of cardioneurosis are applied means of traditional medicine.

Treatment of heart neurosis with folk remedies is aimed at strengthening the overall nervous system, and in particular the ganglion system. In addition, patients suffering from neurosis of the heart, recommended physical therapy (eg, swimming), adherence to the daily routine, a balanced diet. Also such patients should completely exclude smoking, alcohol and coffee. The psychotherapist needs to teach the patient with signs of neurosis of the heart to relax by practicing auto-training, or using breathing exercises (for example, using the Strelnikova method).

Heart neurosis treatment drugs in the acute period are prescribed from the group of tranquilizers and beta-blockers. Subsequent drug therapy is aimed at eliminating the signs of cardioneurosis, excluding discomfort symptoms. It should also include soothing charges of plant origin, vitamin and mineral complexes. A cardiologist is usually appointed Corvalol and Valokardin (for insomnia and in order to prevent and relieve angina attacks).

In order to relax and relieve the unpleasant manifestations of cardioneurosis, you can take short warm (not higher than 38 ° C) baths with the addition of pine aromatic oils.

In addition, the recommended use of herbal remedies sedative, such as: "Novopassit" or "Persen."

Treatment of cardioneurosis depends on the patient’s health condition, age, causes and clinical picture.

Treatment of heart neurosis with folk remedies involves the use of various herbal infusions, decoctions and medicinal fees. It is recommended to apply charges with tonic effect, sedative, hypnotic, and tranquilizing therapeutic properties.

Valerian is considered one of the most effective herbs in the treatment of cardiac neuroses. It is characterized by a sedative effect, helps with palpitations, nervous over-excitement, insomnia. To prepare the infusion, it is recommended to chop dry valerian roots in the amount of two spoons, add 500 milligrams of pure water to them and boil for three minutes. The resulting decoction must be insisted for about twenty minutes and strain. It should be consumed in the morning and in the evening a hundred milliliters.

In addition, it is considered mandatory the appointment of peony tincture, which must be taken orally five minutes before meals three times a day. Tincture should be used in the amount of 10 - 30 drops, diluted in a tablespoon of water.

If the cardiovascular neurosis is accompanied by a strong heartbeat, then to obtain a quick effect, it is necessary to take a decoction of equal parts of the herb valerian, hop cones, marjoram and calamus roots.

For neuroses of the heart, which flow with asphyxiation, dizziness and accompanied by nervous dysfunction, a collection consisting of three parts of the grass dried leaves and flowers of hawthorn, two parts of motherwort and chamomile and one part of caraway seeds helps.

Cardioneuroses that originated on the background of pathological menopause and are accompanied by increased pressure can be cured with the help of a decoction of herbs: carapace, blueberry, oregano, St. John's wort, mistletoe, yarrow, sage, flowers of calendula, horsetail and pine buds. All listed components must be taken in equal weight fractions.

Cardiovascular neuroses occurring with dysfunctions of the ganglionic nervous system can be treated with infusion of flowers of hawthorn, lemon balm, heartwort, heartworm, peppermint and drug valerian.
With cardiac neuropathy, occurring against the background of increased secretion of the thyroid gland, it is recommended to take a decoction of equal weight proportions of common porcine, hawthorn flowers, lemon balm, common thyme, medicinal valerian and European sage.

For therapeutic effects in obsessive-compulsive neuroses, the use of an infusion consisting of 50 grams of European grass and 500 milligrams of vodka is recommended. The resulting solution should be infused for 14 days in a dark place, after which it must be filtered. The infusion is recommended to take one teaspoon at least twice a day, squeezed milk. This tool helps to get rid of fears, feelings of panic, increased excitability.

Strong mental stress can eliminate a mixture of garlic (1 clove) with a glass of milk. Для приготовления средства нужно натереть зубчик чеснока не мелкой терке либо выдавить его при помощи чеснокодавилки и смешать с молоком.Take this mixture should be before breakfast for thirty minutes.

From neurosis of the heart, a mixture of honey and water is considered a good remedy. Honey in the amount of 50 grams must be dissolved in 500 milligrams of water. This mixture should be drunk for a day, divided into four doses.

Treatment of neurosis folk remedies today is the most popular. Since the drugs used are completely natural and are often much more effective than pharmacopoeial medicine. However, to make folk remedies beneficial, they should be taken strictly in accordance with the medical prescription.