Insight - this is a polysemantic term, which literally can mean insight, insight, awareness, insight, insight. Widely used in psychology, psychoanalytic therapy and psychiatry, as well as in the field of zoopsychology. The concept of insight describes a complex intellectual phenomenon, the essence of which lies in a sudden breakthrough, partially intuitive, to an understanding of the task and the "unexpected" finding of its solution.
The phenomenon of insight has been discovered in the study of the behavioral response of chimpanzees in a variety of problem situations by V. Köhler. The results of his experiments questioned the concept of the adherents of behaviorism and the theory of "blind" learning, which occurs through random samples and blunders.
The concept of insight is one of the cores in Gestalt psychology. The founders of Gestalt psychology used the described concept to describe the type of human mental activity in which a decision is not a consequence of the perception of individual parts (analysis), but through mental cognition of the whole.