In the development of the perception of children has specific features. From birth, he already owns some information. Further development of this process is the result of the child’s personal activity. As far as he is active, as quickly as he develops, he becomes acquainted with various objects and people.
The perception of children in the future can be controlled by parents. The early development of the properties of perception is carried out as the child grows up, it manifests itself in the peculiarity that for the perceiving child the form of the object becomes significant, it is gaining meaning. In infancy, the development of recognition of people and objects around a person occurs, the number of targeted conscious movements increases. Such activity in the development of perception occurs before primary school age.
It is very important that research on possible violations of perception take place before this time. The reason for the anomalies in the development of understanding of reality, may be in the breaks in the communication systems of the sense organs and brain centers, which receive a signal. This could occur in the case of injury or morphological changes in the body.
The perception of children of primary school age is expressed by vagueness and vagueness. For example, children will not recognize people who are dressed in costumes at holidays, although their face may be open. If children see a picture of an unfamiliar object, they single out one element from this image, based on which they comprehend the whole object. This understanding is called syncretism, it is inherent in children's perception.
On the average preschool age, ideas about the ratio of the size of objects appear. A child can judge familiar things, as large or small, regardless of their relationship with other objects. This is observed in the ability of the child to arrange toys "for growth".
Older preschool children already have an idea about measuring the size of objects: width, length, height, space. They are able to distinguish the location of objects between themselves (top, bottom, left, right, and so on).
Productive activity of the child consists in his ability to perceive and reproduce the characteristics of objects, their color, size, shape, location. At the same time, the assimilation of sensory standards and the development of special actions of perception are important.
The perception of older works of art of works of art expresses the unity of experience and cognition. The child learns to capture the image and perceive the feelings that concern the author.
The peculiarity of the perception of the people around the child is revealed in value judgments. The highest and brightest score is attributed to those adults who have a close relationship with the child.
The perception and evaluation of other children depends on the popularity of the child in the group. The higher the position of the child, the more highly attributed to him.
The development of the perception of children of preschool age is a complex, multifaceted process that contributes to the child learning to more accurately reflect the world around him, know how to distinguish features of reality, and was able to successfully adapt to it.