Syncretism is a very broad concept, the definition of which can be found in various fields of science. In the general sense, syncretism means fusion, mixing, eclecticism. It is better to define this concept in accordance with the specific area in which it is applied. In art, syncretism is manifested in the fusion of different images that are not matched, of the original components into some phenomenon.
In philosophy, syncretism refers to a combination of several heterogeneous, contradictory theories and principles in one system, but without their combination, it is a kind of eclecticism that ignores differences in heterogeneous principles.
In religion, syncretism is a fusion of completely different religious trends, creeds and religious trends.
Syncretism in linguistics means the union in a single form of several symbols, distributed between different forms in relation to the earlier stages of the history of the development of a language; these forms are multivalued, multifunctional. Also here there is the concept of cumulation of grammatical meanings, which is used in the same sense with the concept of syncretism in linguistics and expresses several grammes of different grammatical categories with one indivisible indicator.
Syncretism in psychology means the indivisibility of mental processes in the early period of child development. Manifestation of children's thinking manifests itself in combining various phenomena, without having sufficient grounds for this. Many researchers have noted this phenomenon in the psychology of the child, in particular, his perception of the inseparability of the sensual image of an object, without isolating and correlating the internal connections and elements. A child who takes the connection of impressions for the connection of objects, unconsciously transfers the meaning of the word to only externally related things. By selecting in the subsequent practice syncretic connections that will correspond to reality, the child reconstructs for himself the real meanings of words.
Syncretism in cultural studies means the absence of differences in cultural phenomena.
Syncretism of primitive culture is characterized by the fusion of art, cognitive activity, magic. Also, syncretism in cultural studies is an external confusion of the diversity of cultural components, which is characterized by a high level of eclecticism and manifestation in different planes of culture.
Syncretism of primitive culture is defined in three directions. First, syncretism, as the unity of man and nature. Secondly, it manifests itself as an indivisibility of the spiritual, material and artistic systems of culture. Thirdly, the manifestation of primitive syncretism of culture is an artistic activity, inseparably embedded in material and production processes.