Psychology and Psychiatry

Persecution mania

Persecution mania - This is a mental dysfunction, which can also be called delusions of persecution. Psychiatrists refer to this as a fundamental disorder of mental insanity. By mania, psychiatry is a mental disorder caused by psychomotor agitation. She can often be accompanied by paranoia or delusional states. Psychology regards any mania as a pathological insanity in a particular phenomenon or a particular subject.

Mania persecution, what is it? In this state, the individual is constantly pursued by thoughts of an obsessive nature about the object of attraction. An individual suffering from a mania of persecution is convinced that there is a threat, he is sure that he is being pursued by someone or is following him. The danger of the state being described is the rapid deterioration of the body due to lack of rest and rest due to non-obsessive thoughts. In addition, in a particularly severe course of the described disorder, people can be dangerous for the environment and for themselves. Therefore, the question: "how to get rid of the persecution mania" is quite relevant to this day.

Causes of persecution mania

Considered ailment is a rather complex psychological state, to this day has not been fully studied. However, modern scholars are still able to identify a number of factors that provoke the emergence of this mental disorder. These include: excessive external locus of control, the position (complex) of the victim, learned helplessness, the defensive position of the individual.

People who have an excessively high external locus of control are more susceptible to the formation of the pathology described than people with a dominant internal locus of control. For individuals who believe that everything in their lives is controlled by forces from the outside (for example, fate, circumstances, other people), the external locus of control prevails, respectively, among subjects who consider themselves responsible for life success and failure — the internal locus of control.

Causes of persecution mania. The victim complex develops in people when they are constantly offended and destroyed for a long time. Such a complex gradually develops into sustainable behavior and becomes a means of avoiding independent decisions. The greatest fear of such people is the fear of doing wrong, making the wrong decision. People with this complex tend to blame other subjects for their own misfortunes, thereby removing the blame from themselves.

Learned helplessness usually accompanies the victim complex, although it is expressed somewhat differently. People with this type of behavior always feel their own helplessness, powerlessness. They have a victim’s world view, therefore, only external factors are considered as a source of personal problems. In addition, such individuals feel that they are unable to change or stop what is happening.

A person in a defensive position is always ready for self-defense at the slightest threat to his own person. Such individuals can perceive as a personal insult even the most innocuous cue to their side. They constantly feel that they are being unjustly persecuted. This forces people with similar behavior to take a steady defensive position.

Many prospectors assume that the emergence of persecution mania is due to a certain constitution of the central nervous system. Also important is the parental upbringing of the baby, psychological trauma suffered by a child at an early age stage. These factors in a certain period, coupled with a stressful state, create fertile ground for the occurrence of the violation in question. However, this assumption of scientists has not yet been fully confirmed.

In psychiatry, the hypothesis is widespread, which consists in the assumption that mania is one of the signs of brain dysfunction. The first to argue this point of view was I. Pavlov, arguing that the pathological focus of arousal, localized in the brain and causing a disturbance of conditioned reflex activity, is the anatomical and physiological cause of the disease in question.

In humans, as a result of drug abuse, alcohol consumption, treatment with certain drugs, in Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, short-term attacks of persecution may occur.

Symptoms of persecution mania

Every human subject perceives reality through the prism of their own individuality. Due to the various ailments of the psyche, some individuals may lose an adequate perception of reality. Disturbances of mental processes can cause the emergence of various phobias and delusions, for example, often schizophrenia delusions of persecution go hand in hand.

In medicine, the ailment described is called the term "persecution delusion". Brad is a dysfunction of mental activity, because of which there are erroneous ideas that completely seize the mind of the individual. Such violations are not subject to adjustment from the outside. In other words, it is impossible for a sick person to explain the inadequacy of his perception of reality. The ideas of people suffering from delusions of persecution, are based on false messages, which are called "logic logic" in medicine.

Mania of persecution may be an independent symptom or be a manifestation of a different pathology.

The state of persecution delusions is characterized by a number of specific differences:

- adaptation disorder (the patient can not function and live in society);

- the inability to adjust from the outside;

- is a violation, not a figment of human fantasy;

- there is a concoction of various facts about reality.

What is the name of persecution mania in one word? In essence, the described ailment is paranoia, which completely captures the human consciousness. Under the influence of a delusional state, a person may refuse to do usual actions, for example, to refuse food, believing that it is poisoned. Sick may be afraid to cross the road, thinking that they want to crush. People suffering from mania persecution, it seems that the danger lurks them at every turn, that the bandits are just waiting for a chance to harm them or even kill them. They can not be dissuaded from their beliefs. Therefore, doctors, answering the question: "how to behave with a sick persecution mania," advise when there are the slightest signs that allow to suspect that a loved one has schizophrenia and persecution mania, immediately take such a person to a psychiatrist.

So, the main symptoms of persecution mania are as follows: obsessive thoughts about the threat to life and persecution, pathological jealousy, mistrust, aggression, anxiety.

In the process of development of the described pathology, the delusional state takes on various forms. Patients may fear a particular aspect of life. Some victims of persecution mania can clearly determine the date of the onset of persecution, the results of sabotage, which indicates a high level of systematization of delirium.

The delusional state develops gradually, as the "source" of the threat may change. At first, only the spouse may be afraid of the patient, considering him to be the main villain, then prejudice may appear against the neighbors or other people from his entourage. In the sick imagination of a person in a state of delirium, more and more people become participants in a conspiracy against him. Over time, thinking becomes very thorough, patients with detailed accuracy describe imaginary attempts. The descriptions themselves are destructed, they can give equal attention to background points and important facts.

In the future, there are changes in the personality of the person. Sick people become tense, aggressive, alert. They do things previously unusual for them, reluctantly answering questions about the causes and goals of such behavior.

How to deal with a sick persecution mania? In the first turn, do not try to convince him. It is necessary to understand that the patient is unable to realize the true state of affairs. In such a situation, the only right decision is to consult a psychiatrist.

Treatment of persecution mania

To answer the question: "how to get rid of the persecution mania," you must first make an accurate diagnosis.

Persecution mania can be diagnosed after a thorough study of the clinical picture of the illness and the patient’s history, conversations with the patient’s relatives to describe the manifestations as accurately as possible, detect the presence of harmful addictions (especially drug addiction and alcohol dependence) and cerebral vascular diseases, exclude or confirm the presence of other mental pathologies, electroencephalography, computed tomography of the brain, x-ray studies.

How to treat persecution mania?

Treatment of the described pathology is usually carried out in a hospital. It includes drug therapy: tranquilizers, sedatives, psychotropic drugs, psychotherapy (family cognitive-behavioral) in a particularly difficult course - electroconvulsive therapy. All family members participate in family therapy.

For a favorable outcome, systematic medication is important, otherwise the ailment may have relapses.

In addition, it must be borne in mind that most often the pathology under consideration is provoked by certain factors that must be eliminated before starting therapy.

In the case of a particularly severe course, if there is a threat of harm to others or to oneself, the patient is referred for treatment to a specialized institution. Often the disease takes a relapsing course.

With successful drug therapy, the patient is prescribed rehabilitation procedures.

Many are interested in how to treat persecution mania with the help of folk remedies. Unfortunately, traditional medicine is powerless in the recurrence stage. During periods of remission and for preventive purposes, you can take, after consulting with your doctor, various soothing decoctions, infusions and teas.