Psychology and Psychiatry

Summer depression

Summer depression - This is a seasonal affective disorder, often found in countries close to the equator. In spite of the fact that summer is the time of flowers, vacations, fascinating travels, during this period depressive disorder can develop. Experts find it difficult to state its reasons with certainty and are inclined to believe that they are connected with an increase in the level of humidity in the air and the arrival of heat.

Summer depression, according to research scientists, occupies a special place among seasonal affective states. Its main difference from the autumn and winter depression is increased irritability and nervousness.

Causes of Summer Depression

Scientists have found that many residents of subtropical and tropical countries feel depressed mood in the summer, not in winter.

In some cases, relapse of depressive disorder is associated with past negative experiences that have arisen at this time of the year. It is possible that in the past, in the summer, a sad event happened that caused the psychotrauma. In these cases, the depressive disorder will help eliminate the therapist. However, the causes of seasonal decline, in addition to biological programming, can be a number of other factors that are not associated with mental health.

The cause of this disorder is a violation of the usual way of life, because with the onset of the holidays, the whole family is changing. The situation is very complicated by the fact that if there are schoolchildren in the family, they remain unattended throughout the day. The solution to this problem entails an increase in nervous tension.

The inconvenience is also caused by the fact that with the arrival of heat and high humidity a person is under constant stress. Established prolonged heat causes adverse heat sensation, which leads to overheating of the body. Therefore, it is important to learn to recognize the signs of dehydration and overheating of the body. The first signs of this condition include: headache, general weakness, apathy, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, insomnia, vomiting, and difficulty with exercise.

Summer depression in most cases lies in the biological causes, but there are cases where the disorder is caused by certain stress experienced in the summer. Most of all, the summer depression is aggravated by a person’s understanding that he should have a good time. After all, summer is when everyone is happy, having a rest, swimming in the sea, in a river or in a pool, sunbathing on sun loungers.

The following factors also influence the development of summer depression:

- summer vacation, which violates the usual schedule of food and sleep;

- an increase in air temperature and a desire to put on less clothes on oneself leads a person to the next problem - dissatisfaction with their appearance. Due to the feeling of shame that arises due to dissatisfaction with their appearance, a person often refuses to put on shorts or a swimsuit, and does not allow himself to spend time near reservoirs;

- the summer period brings a lot of financial expenses, which also contributes to the development of a depressed state.

Symptoms of summer depression

With this disorder, the world loses its brightness, becomes gloomy and dreary. It would seem that prevents to enjoy the sun, enjoy bright colors, but often the mood does not allow such a person to behave.

Summer depression is a fairly common disorder in women. There are many reasons that contribute to the development of this condition. Unjustified expectations or the slightest discomfort can trigger this disorder. Open clothes in women cause a lot of painful experiences associated with the criticism of appearance. Seeing their imperfections, the fair sex begin to harass themselves with diets and lose weight. Experiences due to deficiencies in shape and regular diets can also lead to a nervous breakdown.

Long, warm evenings contribute to sitting late at night and as a result, everyone goes to bed very late. Lack of sleep in the summer becomes a habitual affair that also provokes the development of a depressive state.

Summertime is not suitable for physical, intense workouts, but at the same time it is not worth throwing the usual training regime. It would be advisable to replace the power exercises with overvoltage to more simple ones and not to tear the body experiencing temperature overloads.

The symptoms of summer depression are manifested by sleep disturbance, loss of appetite and weight, the appearance of anxiety, poor health due to intolerance to heat. Many people tolerate extreme temperature conditions perfectly, they can spend all day on the beach. But for people who endure the heat very badly, summer is an oppressive season. Such people spend the weekend in their apartments in front of the TV. Because of the increased humidity, they avoid the usual evening walks, they stop cooking in the kitchen, because it is unbearable in the heat.

The presence of the following signs also indicates a mental disorder and the development of a depressive state:

- isolation;

difficulty concentrating;

- anxiety;

- irritability;

- unwillingness to work;

- increased fatigue;

- increased excitability.

Summer depression, what to do? You should not perceive the symptoms of depression as worthless attention and take them for something insignificant. It would be advisable to seek help from a psychologist or psychotherapist. Sometimes, a minor disorder that began as a summer depression can develop into an attack of acute depression, which will be much more difficult to treat.

And if the symptoms of depression begin to disappear with the arrival of autumn, this does not mean that you do not need to see a doctor in the summer. After all, we are talking about 3 months, untreated suffering. Most short-term depression can cause great harm. Even if the symptoms go away after a few months, the effect on working capacity and the family can continue for some time.

How to cope with the summer depression? The summer depression has one most important advantage: the person knows when it will come. And if the calendar is not yet June, you should think about the negative moments that appear with the arrival of summer and prepare for this disorder in advance. It is necessary to think about what actions were performed in advance, to help avoid the approaching depressive state. To do this, you need to make a plan of action for the summer, which will facilitate the summer depression. For example, so that parents do not develop depression due to the fact that the child is left alone in the summer without adult supervision, you can write it down in a summer camp.

It is advisable to continue to play sports (exercise helps prevent the development of summer depression). The most important thing is not to overdo it with physical exertion, since classes for wear and tear can make a person irritable and unhappy. In the summer, it is very important not to experiment with diets and monitor the quality of your sleep, adhering to the usual regime.

Prevention of summer depression includes the following activities:

- do not go out in the sun, and you need to wait out the hot hours under the air conditioner;

- in hot weather, it is impossible to stay for a long time in rooms where there is no regular rapid exchange of air inside and the temperature rises above the ambient temperature outside;

- should drink more fluids (green tea, mineral water);

- it is required to saturate the body with vitamins (fruits, berries, vegetables);

- if possible, you can go to the northern regions;

- it is important to observe the daily regimen;

- it is necessary to stimulate a positive attitude and enjoy the benefits of summer;

- it is recommended to wear light, light, loose-fitting clothing. The head should also be covered: with a hat, kerchief, panama. Outdoors it is better to stay in the shade;

- Avoid wearing synthetic clothes and tight underwear. It is important to protect the skin from sunburn and wear sunglasses;

- it is necessary not to completely give up physical exertion;

- If summer depression overcomes and takes an undesirable turn, then you should seek help from specialists. Psychologists, psychotherapists, and psycho-neurologists will help to cope with the summer depressive disorder.