Logotherapy - This is the direction of psychotherapy, which is based on the assumption that the development of a personality occurs through its striving to search for life meaning. In the absence of the meaning of life in a person, when he does not understand why he lives, he develops existential frustration, manifested in neuroses and disorders.
Logotherapy has a focus on research, having meaning for the existence of characteristics and assists in the awareness of these characteristics, their significance. Realizing this meaning, a person recovers, which is the purpose of logotherapy.
The direction of logotherapy has similar principles as in humanistic psychology, but to a greater extent it is still based on the principles of psychoanalysis.
The creator of the direction of logotherapy psychology is Victor Frankl. In logotherapy psychotherapy, the logotherapist directs his strength to ensure that a person can acquire the meaning of his being and make it so that the logotherapist himself does not impose his thoughts and advice, but merely pushes the person to find the lost meaning. In order to succeed, the psychotherapist uses the method of Socratic dialogue.
The lost meaning of life and the generalized values associated with it can be found by a person among such areas: experience, creativity and a consciously accepted attitude to situations and circumstances that are not amenable to change, and where the patient cannot do anything himself.
That is, thanks to logotherapy, a person learns to look wider, bypassing the current situation and find meaning beyond its limits. One of the most basic sources of meaning is religious faith, sometimes it is even the only meaning of human existence.