The instinct of self-preservation - This is a special form of behavior aimed at protecting your own life and health. The instinct of self-preservation is the basic instinct, which is the innate property of man. He is constantly active, but is especially active at the moment of pain or fear, foreboding of a potential threat to life or a dangerous situation. Peculiar to all living creatures, also present in animals. They, just like people, have an innate ability to act in order to protect their livelihoods.
The instinct of self-preservation in animals is expressed in seasonal migratory birds, hibernation in mammals, immersion of fish in silt, during the drying up of water bodies, migration, and so on. The emergence of the sensation of pain is a negative phenomenon, provoking an abnormal state of the creature, which must be eliminated immediately, because it causes discomfort to the body and can cause damage. Guided by fear and pain, the creature is trying to find a refuge in which it lacks the perceived threat.
The lack of self-preservation instinct happens due to the influence of socio-psychological factors on the development of a person’s personality. The ability to perceive subconscious alarms and also to obvious danger decreases. The trigger mechanism of the internal defense mechanism is a sense of fear, through which a person can become aware of the complexity and danger of a situation and weigh their physical abilities.
People without the instinct of self-preservation often become suicidal. The behavior of people who have laid hands on themselves is completely unusual for the human psyche. Only a person, limited in his manifestations of freedom, is capable of such actions.