Psychology and Psychiatry

The instinct of self-preservation

The instinct of self-preservation - This is a special form of behavior aimed at protecting your own life and health. The instinct of self-preservation is the basic instinct, which is the innate property of man. He is constantly active, but is especially active at the moment of pain or fear, foreboding of a potential threat to life or a dangerous situation. Peculiar to all living creatures, also present in animals. They, just like people, have an innate ability to act in order to protect their livelihoods.

The instinct of self-preservation in animals is expressed in seasonal migratory birds, hibernation in mammals, immersion of fish in silt, during the drying up of water bodies, migration, and so on. The emergence of the sensation of pain is a negative phenomenon, provoking an abnormal state of the creature, which must be eliminated immediately, because it causes discomfort to the body and can cause damage. Guided by fear and pain, the creature is trying to find a refuge in which it lacks the perceived threat.

The lack of self-preservation instinct happens due to the influence of socio-psychological factors on the development of a person’s personality. The ability to perceive subconscious alarms and also to obvious danger decreases. The trigger mechanism of the internal defense mechanism is a sense of fear, through which a person can become aware of the complexity and danger of a situation and weigh their physical abilities.

People without the instinct of self-preservation often become suicidal. The behavior of people who have laid hands on themselves is completely unusual for the human psyche. Only a person, limited in his manifestations of freedom, is capable of such actions.

The instinct of self-preservation in humans

Sometimes the concept of self-preservation is used in a figurative sense, when the process of human adaptation in society is described, with the intention of avoiding psychological and emotional trauma.

Even in times of wild nature, man for survival had in store vital skills, which arose under the influence of a single desire - to survive, in absolutely unsuitable conditions for this.

Human self-preservation is a very strong defense mechanism of the human person. And in order to realize the significance of this mechanism, it is necessary to understand how it operates. There are several types of manifestations of such instinct.

Biological unconscious form - unconscious acts of behavior that focus on the avoidance of danger to humans. For example, escape from a source of danger, during which, a person does not have time to think about where he needs to run from danger, but his legs begin to carry themselves somewhere. Such an unconscious flight or avoidance from objects or phenomena that can cause pain speaks of the desire to escape, to stay alive.

The biologically conscious form manifests itself in the form of a hidden benefit or safety consideration. In most cases, the person is aware of the danger, and he, guided by his own mind, is looking for ways out of the current, threatening situation.

The instinct of self-preservation is the basic instinct and the strongest, because it defines the main task of a person - his survival. If you relate all the instincts of a person and try to compare them in order of importance, it becomes obvious that the instinct of self-preservation is decisive, and all the rest are adjacent to it. The instinct of hunger, thirst, motherhood, power, intimate - striving to ensure that a person could survive.

The instinct of self-preservation is the basic instinct and it can be entirely called the desire for survival, through the preservation of offspring and procreation.

The instinct of self-preservation has a close connection with fear, and all derivative instincts belong to this state. Indeed, if a person wants to get power, he is afraid that he will not receive it when a person feels an appetite, he is afraid that he may remain hungry. These fears demonstrate that regardless of the intentions of a person, in any case he experiences and fears for himself, for his interests, for his life. Such a process occurs all the time, only people do not notice this, they do not realize when their desires and their behavior force them to act in a certain way. Most of these processes take place in the subconscious state, bypassing the consciousness.

Instincts force a person to react in a certain way to a situation, but these reactions, even if very effective in many cases, may turn out to be erroneous, mainly due to the lack of necessary information and identification of the threat.

Often the instinct of self-preservation is meaningless fear. In many cases, it becomes an obstacle to human survival. This is due to the unconscious manifestation of this instinct. For example, when a meaningless panic occurs, its appearance can only lead to a worse outcome, the flight instinct is sometimes better expressed less, so that the person realizes that it will be more effective to accept the fight. There are other cases in which doubts that are caused by fear lead to missed opportunities.

The manifestation of the instinct of self-preservation, built on the instinct of power, based on the desire to survive and find a stable security of their social status, cannot be called meaningful. Infrequently, people understand why they need the power and strength that they acquire with it.

Often the struggle for power leads to the most unexpected and negative consequences, the death of a person does not leave him the opportunity to leave offspring, therefore, a person does not fulfill his natural destiny in the continuation of his own kind, and the fact that his self-preservation instinct is directed. In order to understand well the work of the instinct aimed at survival, a person needs to think about all that he does in his life, first of all, to assess his position in society. You need to think about it, and set yourself the task of survival, to compare all the advantages that help a person to survive, and the disadvantages that become an obstacle to this.

If a person has problems with the availability of food, he will be haunted by the fear of remaining hungry, the behavior regarding this fear will be specific, for example, the person will become very sensitive, even the simplest meals, he will take the most simple dishes for exquisite recipes.

When a person lacks intimacy, his behavior will reject him from other people, he will simply envy them and act aggressively towards them, the psyche will be repressed. Such people become very jealous, they appear self-doubt, it is difficult for them to maintain relationships with others, especially with members of the opposite sex.

In public life, certain manifestations of human instincts are dulled under the influence of moral norms, such as the instinct of power or sex, which direct human behavior towards the achievement of life goals and at the same time give a person enormous energy. Thus, people develop an unconscious fear, a primitive form of the instinct of self-preservation, which contributes to the fact that people are beginning to fear their actions, which they believe can harm them.

Thanks to the instinct of self-preservation, even the most cowardly person is able to survive, but still, most people are very vulnerable to danger and, to a greater extent, social shock.

When there is a war, always a large part of the losses is made up of civilians who are not adapted to violence, aggression, they were brought up so that the only form of manifestation of their instinct of self-preservation is the fear of their actions.

The instinct of self-preservation in humans is an example. In the United States and European countries, people place their hopes that they will be protected by those whose vocation is, instead of trying to help themselves and not counting on anyone, not shifting their lives into the hands of other people, and only believe in their own strength Here you can see how self-preservation manifests itself, it is trained so that people base their reaction on a false perception of danger. They want to live and survive, but they do not know how to do it. There is a strong suggestion. You can teach a person not to be afraid, just as you can inspire him with a strong fear, and a certain strategy of actions, according to which a person will act in a situation of threat. You can often hear how people can behave in a critical situation in a meaningless way.

Self-preservation instinct is a very necessary ability and it should develop accordingly, defining personal behavior in various situations, also striving to achieve goals, develop certain qualities in oneself.

Sometimes there are situations in which a physically developed, prepared human body is needed that contributes to survival, sometimes situations require mental abilities, cunning, wit and many other skills.

A detailed study of his qualities necessary for survival, the definition of his present position in society, will help a person in setting priorities in life, according to which he will strive for the goals he needs, and the expression of the self-preservation instinct will become more conscious the situation will then be as effective as possible.

The goal of survival, abandonment of offspring is the main purpose of man, what nature dictates and what man feels when he acts on instincts, first of all, on the instinct of self-preservation.

People without the instinct of self-preservation "in their pure form" do not exist, because this is an innate quality, but deviations are possible, they exhibit a certain specific behavior. They have autodestructive actions.

The instinct of self-preservation in a person is deformed: for example, physical damage, self-harm, self-healing, adolescent piercing among teenagers, tattooing, trichotillomania among children and adolescents (the desire to pull out and eat their own hair).

Self-preservation instinct in children

As already mentioned, the instinct of self-preservation appears from birth and, like all actions, is focused on the survival of the child, he wants to eat, drink, and so that mom is always there.

The instinct of self-preservation in children is expressed in a special way. He is very sensitive and almost any unusual situation, some object, action, the presence of a stranger, a loud sound can cause a very strong fear. From birth, the child "knows" that he must survive and although his physical condition is still very weak, the instinct works one hundred percent, sometimes too much, giving out danger signals in the first unfamiliar situation, since the psychological state of the child is not so stable so that he himself can handle his fear.

Lack of self-preservation instinct in children can lead to the fact that they are in danger of harming themselves and harming their health. So, the baby can climb with a wet hand to the outlet, or put your hand into the fire on the tile. Therefore, a child at that age should be under the reliable supervision of parents, they should tell him what can be dangerous for him, explain that after that it will be very painful and what should be feared. And for their part, parents should take such measures to minimize the sources of danger to the child.

Often, under such a lack of self-preservation lies a great interest, high cognition of the outside world, only children have not yet learned what outcome this may have. Only after experiencing a certain experience, they begin to remember that certain objects carry a danger.

If the child does not withdraw his hand from the fire or hot pan, and continues to hold, this may mean that he has problems with the reaction, inhibition is dominant in the nervous processes and it goes beyond the normal or pathology of the nervous system in transmitting the signal to the brain. This becomes a big problem as the child begins to get used to the fact that he does not feel pain, leading to numerous injuries. In this case, you must consult a doctor.

The lack of self-preservation instinct in children should be compensated by parental protection. Parents should keep a close eye on children. The newborn baby is not yet able to respond to sounds or sudden movements, which are typical stimuli of the instinct of self-preservation. These reactions are produced over time, but only after the presence of the mother decreases. As soon as the mother leaves for a longer period, the child immediately lets know about it, starts crying loudly and the mother returns to the baby. It does not matter what reason caused the child to cry: hunger, the desire to change diapers or something else, the main thing that makes the child cry is the action of the parental protection instinct, that is, the child’s reaction to the absence of a protector next to it.

There is a kind of selfish type, which is characterized by the fact that from early childhood, children tend to increase caution, suspiciousness, anxiety before the unknown, intolerance to pain and egocentricity. The egophilic type of child is capable of forming a difficult character and increased anxiety, suspicion, which contributes to the development of fear, but thereby increases the instinct of self-preservation.