Border situation - These are the circumstances in which there is a danger or a risk to the life of the individual. The concept of border situation was first introduced by the German psychiatrist and existentialist philosopher Karl Jaspers in 1935. There are borderline or critical circumstances in situations where the individual, at death or over him, has a feeling of guilt due to difficult life trials or experiencing severe stress.
Border situations according to Jaspers are a factor in the liberation of a person from all the conventions, norms, rules or generally accepted views that previously held him, thus the individual realizes his existential purpose.
The concepts of existentialism, the border situation have a direct connection with each other, because due to the borderline circumstances a person is able to come to a true awareness of his being, he can move away from ordinary consciousness.
The structure of a border situation consists of a person, his self, freedom and insight born as a result of it.
Psychology defines the notion of a border situation as a point where a person can completely change, reconsider his values, relations with the outside world and, above all, his views on life.
Everything that previously lived a person becomes for him somehow unreal, illusory. The individual at some stage begins to realize that all this prevented him from living a real life.