Psychology and Psychiatry

Introvert and extrovert

Introvert and extrovert - These are fundamentally different psychological types of personality. In psychology, there are three psycho-types: an introvert, an extrovert, an ambivert. The concept of an introvert and an extrovert denote two extremely opposite personality types. An extrovert is a type of person whose behavior patterns are directed at the people around him, actively interacting with them. An introvert is a type of person whose actions are directed inward, that is, towards himself. Ambivert is a person who combines all the qualities of an extrovert and introvert.

The definition of extrovert and introvert is the following characteristics. Extroverts prefer to communicate with different people, try to attract the attention of others, so they often participate in public speeches, competitions, and crowded events.

Introverts are not so focused on communication and various activities, they are more comfortable to spend time alone with internal reflections, anxieties or feelings. Often, introverts are creative people, they also prefer to observe any social processes from outside, but not to take part in them.

An extrovert for a comfortable state is necessary for people to be around him, whom he can also use in collective work. To the introvert, on the contrary, everything that involves interaction with others is alien, it is comfortable for him to work alone, with his own strength, not expecting or accepting help from anyone.

The concept of an introvert and an extrovert is one of the basic characteristics of the personality, since it determines the direction of behavior, the main motives and the nature of the relationship.

Introvert and extrovert who it is

The definition of extrovert and introvert lies in the peculiarities of their energy. Since all vital processes are energy-intensive, a way to compensate for this energy is a very important process for each person. Usually, recuperation takes place at the expense of food and sleep, only individuals need additional resources. So, extroverts need a society, from communication they get an additional charge of positive and strength. Without active interaction with other personalities, extroverts begin to "wither" before our eyes. Introverts also have enough sleep, they can live a day without communicating with anyone. From this definition it follows that an extrovert is to some extent an “energy vampire”. "Energy vampire" - a person in need of energy recharging. Replenishing his reserves is due to the absorption of energy of other people, making it in a non-constructive way.

Thus, the energy vampire is an extrovert who gains energy through inflicting pain on other people (insulting, threatening, blackmailing, criticizing).

But if one claims that the energy vampire is an extrovert, then it is necessary first to indicate that not all extroverts are such. Most extroverts who receive energy from people do it through goodness, benefiting others.

To understand the difference between an extrovert and an introvert, you need to observe a person's behavior. In behavior, the whole essence of the personality is best expressed.

Often, almost all people in friendly companies sometimes tell jokes to each other, but there is a person in the company whose jokes always seem the most ridiculous, funny and funny, and everyone is ready to listen to this person for hours. This person is without a doubt an extrovert who brings pleasure to other people and is happy about it.

In every office, in every company or in a factory, you can find an extrovert and an introvert among workers. And each of them, both an extrovert and an introvert, has advantages and disadvantages. For efficient operation and performance, it is necessary that all the advantages of an extrovert and introvert are fully utilized. Disadvantages, in turn, on the contrary, you must try to recycle to turn them into advantages.

It is possible to single out the main advantages of an introvert in his professional activities. An introvert's propensity for individual work prevents many problems, since all the responsibility for execution lies with him alone and in case of any misunderstandings, all questions will be put to only one introvert, and he, in turn, knows well what he does and who will push the blame.

Professionally significant advantages of an extrovert: the ease of entering into new contacts allows an extrovert to enter into successful transactions, to conduct interviews. Extroverts are so self-assured and sociable that for them it does not really matter who is in front of them, no matter how ambassador or an ordinary worker, they know their job, their work is their life.

Extroverts are sociable among friends and no less sociable at work. Extroverts have no fear of public speaking; on the contrary, the more they see people in front of them whose gazes are on them, they feel more and more confident in themselves, as they are saturated with the energy of those gathered.

In addition to the advantages of introverts, they also have disadvantages. Due to their personal characteristics, introverts poorly communicate with the boss or with work colleagues if they have to meet. Through too lonely work with introverts, their interpersonal skills may be even more difficult, since there is no need for communication, and they don’t have to talk to anyone at work. Lack of business communication skills becomes a big problem for introverts, but if their job is in solitary activity, then they will do it at a high level.

Although extroverts are loved and accepted by almost everyone in their circle, because they are active, sociable, want to develop, self-actualize, at first it seems difficult to identify some of their shortcomings. But just because extroverts are too active, they are mistaken for irresponsible people, because their mood can change quite often, and this affects their performance. An extrovert in business and in personal communication, in most cases, does not worry about the comfort of the state of the interlocutor or the client. Even if a person expresses negative reactions, the extrovert also accepts them, because - this is also energy. Extroverts have a weakness in public speaking, so being too carried away with their performance, an extrovert can turn him into a farce.

Extrovert and introvert, you can make some recommendations, using which they will be able to develop patterns of behavior, like that of the opposite personality type.

Introverts should learn to communicate with people in such a way as to receive only a positive reaction from the interlocutor or from his listener. To do this, they need to gain patience and force themselves to communicate with others, especially with those with whom communication should bring some success.

Introverts who do not like to communicate, but should do this, due to business or personal circumstances, can find a personality among people who like to talk a lot, then the introvert will not have to strain too much, since the talkative, especially the shallow person will use such a company active "listener and will talk in silence, and the introvert, in turn, will get what he wanted - the necessary connections.

Extroverts can be willing to learn how to control the process of communication in order to be able to stop at the moment when they see that the interlocutor is tired of their monologue or the expression of any other negative reaction. The extrovert needs to learn to curb his emotions and put the interlocutor's interests in a high place, and not to show dominance of his own interests.

In individual psychology, there are three types of personalities: an introvert, an extrovert, an ambivert.

About extrovert and introvert already mentioned above, it remains to define the type of ambivert. An ambivert is a person who combines the properties of two types of extrovert and introvert. That is, the ambivert sometimes becomes the soul of the company, that is, an extrovert, but often he may have a desire to be alone, like an introvert. These are people who sometimes will not immediately notice in a large company, but in a tight circle they are quite sociable. Ambivert is able to speak publicly in front of people, but he may have problems establishing new contacts.

How to define an introvert or extrovert

Determining the presence of a psychological type of introvert or extrovert is possible with the help of special tests designed to determine the type of personality. Here is an example of the most frequently asked questions to determine the psychological type of an extrovert or introvert: is it comfortable for me to work alone, is it easy for me to communicate with people, especially new ones, is there a craving for public speaking or a tendency to stay in the center of attention and other similar questions.

To understand the difference between an extrovert and an introvert, you can even simply look at any public appearance. The emotional fullness of this performance will be completely different, both in the extrovert and in the introvert. The extrovert will begin his speech with humor, ask the listeners how they are doing, put some suggestive questions about the topic, which the introvert will never do.

The introvert begins his speech with a measured, calm narration, gradually building up the emotionality of speech.

To determine the difference between an extrovert and an introvert, you need to take a good look at the people around you, observe the differences in their behavior and draw conclusions with what type of person you have just communicated.

Introverts like solitude, self-absorption, during which he dreams, dreams, or reasons. Introverts, even if they came to some party, they try to stay aloof from others, they like loneliness and tranquility. Introverts can use their features for professional purposes, certain life events that require concentration and planning from a person. Introvert knows well what and why he does, he will not make unnecessary movements, interact with the outside world, if there is no reason in this. The character of the introvert is calm. He is a reasonable and balanced person. Introvert will not make categorical hasty decisions, will think through all the options, and choose the most effective from all sides. Often such a balance is bordered by indecision and slowness. In the private life of a woman, introverts are caretakers, caring mothers. Male introverts are wonderful and loyal husbands, but they can often be used by manipulative wives.

Extroverts are distinguished by high activity, courage and spontaneity. This is both their dignity and weakness. Extraverted individuals strive to be leaders in everything, to be socially recognized. For them, the most important are the manifestations of recognition of their merits, rather than the real value of their actions and achievements. They never get tired of the society of people, because they add energy to themselves through communication.

Extroverts are very easy going, initiative and decisive. Sometimes their determination borders on recklessness. They are the soul of the company, they are leaders and leaders. Using their power, they can become arrogant and selfish. On the way to success, nothing will stop them, they are confident in their actions and they don’t need anything more. In a love relationship, extroverts always take over power. Therefore, if a loving couple consists of two extroverts, then in the event of a quarrel, they will defend their case alone before the other, loudly sorting out the relationship.

It should be noted that there are not so many pronounced psycho-types. Often an extrovert is simply called a person who loves to talk more than others. In fact, in each person there are qualities of both types, just their manifestation is different, some features may be more revealed, others less.

For example, a person can be cheerful, cheerful, smile to everyone and always, but he has periods when he does not want to communicate with anyone, immerses himself in his inner world, may mask his problems as a manifestation of excessive activity and sociability. Such extraversion is false. Introverts, which are so characteristic of slow response, may at the right time quickly decide and then not regret it.

The compatibility of an introvert and an extrovert in the relationship of a man and a woman can be observed most vividly. Such opposite types are examples of fairly strong alliances. They perfectly complement each other. At the right moment, they can cheer up or vice versa to calm their partner, and it does not matter at all which of them has what type.

Introverts quickly annoy each other, because none of them takes the initiative first and they can stay so idle for a long time, plunging into themselves. A pair of extroverts often conflicts, their quarrels can last for a very long time, because none of them wants to give in, they feed off each other's energy, such relationships require strong nerves.

As can be seen, the compatibility of an introvert and an extrovert is quite natural, although at first glance it would seem to someone that this is far from being the case.

In both psychological types there are both positive and negative qualities, which makes it foolish to choose which one is better. Therefore, both introverts and extroverts should be present in life, as has already been demonstrated in the examples of the pairs above. Simply, each person, due to the understanding of his personal characteristics, should be able to adapt to other people in order to ensure a full life, good relations with the outside world and people.

How can an introvert be an extrovert

Surely there are individuals who are concerned about the question: can an introvert become an extrovert. The answer is: "if you strongly want ...". But it is important to understand that for a person who has lived his entire conscious life as an introvert, it will be very difficult to reconstruct his attitudes, worldview, behavior.

In fact, why bother to do this if it is convenient for a person to be an introvert and he feels comfortable in his body. But, if the introvert personally wants to change his outlook, reconsider his views, transform his personality, because he needs it, then he can try to change.

It is important to understand that the attempts of introverts to become an extroverted person may seem clumsy at first, give away on their behavior, but gradually people will acquire new skills and abilities. This is unlikely to greatly affect his personal attitudes, but from the outside the introvert may well seem like an extrovert. So, can an introvert become an extrovert? Answer: partially. Below are some of the ways to become an extrovert.

The first advice that will be given to introverts is to find a zone of "productive discomfort" for themselves. It means to find a state that goes beyond the limits of the ordinary, in which a person will feel more productive and active. It is the state of such discomfort that leads to an increase in productivity. So, a person finds a new job and feels a certain awkwardness or discomfort, but he steps over himself and tries to work effectively.

You can also go to travel to places where there are no privileges of the material world. Only by leaving the zone of personal comfort, opening up to the world, an introvert can experience the feelings that an extrovert feels while enjoying the novelty.

Only you should start doing it small. For example, if an introvert during the lunch break is always left alone in the office, ordering food with delivery, then he needs to go out with colleagues to lunch at a cafe once.

Challenging yourself is a useful way to change yourself, for example, you need to do something completely uncharacteristic once or twice a week, something that you always wanted to do, but the internal complexes did not allow. Extroverts do not feel taboo, they are amenable to internal impulses, and it does not matter whether they will regret much about it. It is necessary to push yourself to stop giving in to internal barriers, they must be destroyed.

Just do not immediately build plans for Napoleon, you need to gradually enter into a new state for themselves. For example, begin to greet your neighbors, stop to chat with them for a minute, ask people on the street what time it is, sign up for some courses and much more.

If the introvert has decided to try some kind of event, a crowded event, he can find similar ones on it. There, often there are always people who are engaged not in the fact that everyone else, they do not play games, do not take part in contests, are suspended. Возможно, у них сложилась аналогичная ситуация, может быть они пришли на такое мероприятие в поисках новых знакомств, но боятся сделать первый шаг. В таком случае можно первому проявить инициативу, продемонстрировать свое ненавязчивое общество и положить начало хорошему знакомству.

It may be even better if you use your indecision for your own purposes. For example, to begin communication with what to say about the fact that you are here for the first time and do not know anyone, do not know how to start a conversation with all these strangers. Thus, due to its sincerity, you can attract a person to yourself and relieve tension. It only takes to think in advance what questions can be put to other people, what to say about yourself, so that there are no awkward pauses in conversations.

You can use one proven method: just ask a person how he got to this event, what relation he has to him and what he actually does during his usual time of traveling. People love to talk about themselves. Thus, it turns out that the introvert doesn’t really say anything, but he made the contact, his partner will remember him as a pleasant conversationalist.

If there is no opportunity to attend any events, then you can arrange them at home, so you can get to know people better, and the situation will help relieve tension.

It is important, after the efforts spent on increasing social activity, to make yourself a restorative rest. Still, the introvert has to spend a lot of moral and physical strength to communicate with people. At home, alone, he can spend time as he comfortably, in complete silence.