Revitalization complex - this is an emotional motor reaction that the child expresses in relation to an adult. The concept of “revitalization complex” was introduced by the psychologist N. M. Schelovanov in the 20s of the 20th century. The revitalization complex in a child begins to appear weakly from about the third week of his life activity.
The neonatal period is a rather peculiar stage in the life of the newborn. The neonatal stage lasts from the beginning of birth to the beginning of the second month of life. One fact of birth is a huge shock. Prior to the publication, the existence of the baby took place in a vegetatively physiological rhythm, relative constancy and stay in a benign environment. When released, the child abruptly falls into completely different conditions of life and the outside world. It is because of the dramatic changes in life that the newborn period is called a crisis.
Being born, the baby already has a certain set of reflexes. Some reflexes provide the ability of the body's physiological adaptation to the outside world and are saved in the future, other reflexes are atavistic, take place in the first year and no longer arise.
The presence of reflexes is not the basis for mental development and the formation of complex reactions. Unlike animal cubs, the human child is much less endowed with congenital behaviors, since all human behavioral patterns are formed and fixed in his in vivo.
The complex of revival is expressed by the fading and cycling of the child on objects or sounds, after which a smile, sounds and movements appear. Also, the revitalization complex in a child is accompanied by rapid breathing, joyful cries and other reactions.
More intensively, the revitalization complex appears in a child at the age of two months. In normal development, it is observed in the full complex. The emotional motor reaction becomes more intense in the period of up to three or four months, and at the end of this time it disintegrates, transforming into more complex patterns of behavior.
With a lack of communication, the child’s recovery complex may be delayed; deviations in its expression may also be formed: the incompleteness of the components of the recovery complex, the reactive nature, the increase in the latent period, and the weak intensity of the components.
Diagnosing the level of formation of situational-personal communication, the greatest importance is attached to the presence of the initiative of the revitalization complex. A weak manifestation of any elements of the revitalization complex may be a symptom of the physiological or anatomical pathology of the activity of various analyzers. This may indicate signs of impaired development of the child’s body.
The physiological criterion for the end of the period of a complex of revival is visual and auditory concentration, the manifestation of conditioned reactions to auditory and visual stimuli.
Medical criterion is the baby’s attainment of the weight in which he was born - this indicates healthy functioning of the body systems.
A discussion about whether it is a differentiated emotional reaction of a child to perceptions perceived from the external world or whether a revitalization complex is the simplest non-conscious reflex occurs around the revival complex. There are supporters of the first and second interpretations who hold their own opinion on this matter.