Psychology and Psychiatry

Revitalization complex

Revitalization complex - this is an emotional motor reaction that the child expresses in relation to an adult. The concept of “revitalization complex” was introduced by the psychologist N. M. Schelovanov in the 20s of the 20th century. The revitalization complex in a child begins to appear weakly from about the third week of his life activity.

The neonatal period is a rather peculiar stage in the life of the newborn. The neonatal stage lasts from the beginning of birth to the beginning of the second month of life. One fact of birth is a huge shock. Prior to the publication, the existence of the baby took place in a vegetatively physiological rhythm, relative constancy and stay in a benign environment. When released, the child abruptly falls into completely different conditions of life and the outside world. It is because of the dramatic changes in life that the newborn period is called a crisis.

Being born, the baby already has a certain set of reflexes. Some reflexes provide the ability of the body's physiological adaptation to the outside world and are saved in the future, other reflexes are atavistic, take place in the first year and no longer arise.

The presence of reflexes is not the basis for mental development and the formation of complex reactions. Unlike animal cubs, the human child is much less endowed with congenital behaviors, since all human behavioral patterns are formed and fixed in his in vivo.

The complex of revival is expressed by the fading and cycling of the child on objects or sounds, after which a smile, sounds and movements appear. Also, the revitalization complex in a child is accompanied by rapid breathing, joyful cries and other reactions.

More intensively, the revitalization complex appears in a child at the age of two months. In normal development, it is observed in the full complex. The emotional motor reaction becomes more intense in the period of up to three or four months, and at the end of this time it disintegrates, transforming into more complex patterns of behavior.

With a lack of communication, the child’s recovery complex may be delayed; deviations in its expression may also be formed: the incompleteness of the components of the recovery complex, the reactive nature, the increase in the latent period, and the weak intensity of the components.

Diagnosing the level of formation of situational-personal communication, the greatest importance is attached to the presence of the initiative of the revitalization complex. A weak manifestation of any elements of the revitalization complex may be a symptom of the physiological or anatomical pathology of the activity of various analyzers. This may indicate signs of impaired development of the child’s body.

The physiological criterion for the end of the period of a complex of revival is visual and auditory concentration, the manifestation of conditioned reactions to auditory and visual stimuli.

Medical criterion is the baby’s attainment of the weight in which he was born - this indicates healthy functioning of the body systems.

A discussion about whether it is a differentiated emotional reaction of a child to perceptions perceived from the external world or whether a revitalization complex is the simplest non-conscious reflex occurs around the revival complex. There are supporters of the first and second interpretations who hold their own opinion on this matter.

Baby revitalization complex

The first month after the birth of a child is the most difficult period in a person’s life. Therefore, we must try to ensure that the baby is surrounded by calm, attention and warmth. It is impossible from the first days of a newborn to bring an avalanche out of new impressions on him and to interact with him too actively. No need to rush the development of the child.

Some parents give the child too bright toys or include melodic music, and expect the child to start paying attention to them. You just need to wait when the time comes, and not force violent emotional reactions. It is with the complex of revival that everything that parents are waiting for comes.

The recovery complex includes:

- fading reaction in the first seconds of interaction with the object;

- visual concentration - a long and close look, directed and fixed on the object of attention, if the kid is considering an adult, then he pays the most attention to the eyes of a person;

- the smile of the baby, which now really expresses sincere joy;

- brisk movements with which the baby shows its interest - it throws up legs and pulls hands, moves the head and bends the back towards the adult;

- vocalization (voice reactions) - the baby draws attention to itself with the help of loud short screams or prolonged quivering.

The above described basic components of the revitalization complex should be manifested all together, since it is the combination of reactions that is considered a complex.

After the birth, the baby is under severe stress. He enters a completely unfamiliar and new world for him, which is saturated with bright colors, strange people, temperature changes, loud sounds and so on.

The baby is accustomed to the warmth, comfort and coziness in his mother's belly, the measured beat of the mother's heart, which soothes and lulls, so it is very important to keep the baby in her arms during the first weeks, because it is only near his mother that he feels safe.

It is advisable to remember that the presence of any neurological problems in the baby may lead to the fact that the revitalization complex in the child does not appear in a timely manner, but with a small delay. Emotional motor reaction in a child occurs when a mother or someone from an adult who cares for him.

The complex of revitalization includes such reactions with which the child meets a loving person - movements with arms and legs, joyful walking and a sweet smile. In fact, the kid smiled even earlier, but in a dream, and only now his smile turns to specific people.

After about 2 weeks, the child begins to focus on the surrounding objects, especially those with whom he is to contact, may look at people's faces. After a month of his life, the baby becomes able to distinguish sounds and recognize mother's voice among other sounds. In a few more weeks, he can give all actions a single meaning, combine a chain of them - mother’s hands, feeding, mother’s face and voice. All this baby determines how good and responds to all positive emotions. The child accepts the new world and he likes what he sees, and he is happy because his emotions are positive.

Complex revitalization appears in a child at the age of one month. Similar reactions have arisen before, but now they are manifested in the complex - the child responds to a familiar voice and smiles if someone leans over the bed, watches and watches at a distance the movements of the person.

An important neoplasm of the revitalization complex is the establishment of conscious eye contact with the child. While he does not distinguish the faces of parents from the rest of others, and this skill only comes to the middle of the first year of life. After this time, he will learn to smile to individual people, and not everyone in a row and wary, to approach and communicate with strangers. He also consciously looks at people and remembers them.

An animation complex is transformed into much more complex behaviors that are based on each individual reaction. This transformation takes place at the age of four months.

There are various studies that hypothesize that the revitalization complex is not just an individual's response, which expresses joyful excitement, that it is a means of communicating with adults. If this is true, then the revitalization complex will have a different character, in accordance with the situation and depending on the task of communication.

If it happened that the child’s animation complex does not appear at the proper time, then it is advisable to think about what the problem is. Late manifestation of emotionally motive reactions is a rather alarming symptom for parents, since it can inform about severe mental disorders, such as autism syndrome or mental retardation.

At the age of ten full weeks, the baby begins to look at the mother or another close person, greet him to smile and start moving when in contact with the object, if this is not the case, then you should consider whether everything is in order.

In raising a child in everything you need to comply with the measure. You can allow him to take the initiative, let the kid freely expresses his emotions and actions. There is no need to sit at the children's bed all days and nights or run headlong at the first sobbing of the child. The kid will get used to the fact that parents are always there and he will not have the need to attract the attention of adults every time and make great efforts to this, which in the future may affect his behavior, especially in expressing initiative. And of course, on the other hand, one should not forget about the child and in case of real need to be near him.

With the newborn need to often talk. Mom should talk to the baby during feeding, bathing or in the process of changing clothes, to cause a revitalization complex.

The baby’s revitalization complex is an opportunity for the baby to reach out to the outside world and the people around him, get to know them and begin to interact. Therefore, the revitalization complex is considered to be a rather significant indicator of the normal healthy mental development of the infant. Young parents should know how important it is to monitor the behavior and reactions of the child, and in case of deviations, immediately consult a doctor.