Psychological assistance for dementia It is absolutely necessary for people suffering from this disease. It is also important that psychological care is provided to caregivers for people with dementia, as they experience adverse psychological effects and distress every day.
The problem of older people is that they are less likely to be sent to specialists for psychotherapy. Presumably the reason lies in the fact that such people rarely have social significance and perform important work. Therefore, the treatment of older people, the maintenance of their functioning is not such a high priority of medicine.
Research scientists have confirmed the effectiveness of psychotherapy in the elderly. An overview of the database suggests that interpersonal, cognitive-behavioral, cognitive-analytical psychotherapy, as well as systematic and psychodynamic approaches can help elderly people with dementia.
Psychological assistance for dementia is a key element underlying high-quality psychiatric treatment. However, some experts believe that psychotherapy is not suitable for patients with senile dementia, since they often have impaired speech function. But most patients are able to communicate effectively in the early stages of dementia. These people not only maintain the safety of their personality, but also want to understand what position they are in. Other specialists give supporting psychotherapy a major role, since it helps patients with mild disability to adapt to their condition.
One of the problems in the treatment of dementia is informing a person about his diagnosis. Disagreements still remain between general practitioners and psychiatrists about what the patient should be told about. Studies on this issue show that patients want to have complete information about their diagnosis, they need the truth about the disease, its prognosis and treatment.
Supportive psychotherapy is a useful method and a beneficial effect on the quality of life of people suffering from senile dementia. Supportive psychotherapy is difficult to define. The psychotherapist in essence helps the patient, supporting and encouraging him. Supportive psychotherapy is characterized by reliability, regularity, attentive attitude of the psychotherapist to the patient. Such techniques as stimulation of feelings and reason, advice, persuasion, exhilaration, retraining of people with fragile psychological state, psychological counseling are used.
Psychological assistance for dementia focuses on - help and support, not suppression and pacification. The goal of supportive psychotherapy is a substitution form of treatment, endowing a person with psychological functions that are either insufficient or absent.
Individual psychotherapeutic assistance is to conduct conversations, the purpose of which is to increase self-esteem and maintain, improve psychological functioning and adaptive skills of people with dementia.
During psychotherapeutic care, the specialist performs a directing and active role, helps a person to improve social functioning skills and the ability to cope with difficulties and everyday problems. The emphasis is mainly on improving subjective experiences and behavior.