Egocentrism - this is a characteristic of the individual, which determines his inability to consider the point of view of other people, the inadmissibility of the idea that someone else's view may be true. An egocentric person perceives an exclusively personal point of view as the only correct one.

The concept of egocentrism is a term in psychology that describes the peculiarities of human thinking. Thus, Jean Piaget, who coined the term, considered egocentrism to be mainly a vivid characteristic of children at an early age, nor did he reject the fact that egocentrism, in varying degrees of expression, is able to persist and manifest itself even in adulthood.

An ego-centrist is extremely confident that his thoughts are authoritative, he finds himself all-knowing, and the others are not far away and do not reckon with their views. A person who is inherent in egocentrism has a one-sided perception, he understands things as he sees them, that is, for him there is no understanding what could be otherwise.

Egocentrism of thinking does not allow an individual to change his original position with respect to some opinion, position or object. If the egocentrism of thinking is observed in a child, no need to worry - this is the norm, because these are age features. Underdevelopment of thinking does not give the child the opportunity to realize that someone can have a distinctive opinion from him.

If the egocentrism of thinking often manifests itself in an adult, it means that his perception has a deviation. An adult person must be aware that his personal point of view is not absolute, and that opposing opinions on his views may also exist.

Egocentrism - the meaning of the word

The ego-centrist believes that he is the center of everything in the world, he only considers his views as the most faithful, therefore it’s hard to “get through” to such a person. The principles of others for the egocentric mean nothing at all, he is simply convinced that the others do not know anything, do not own the whole truth and facts. The ego-centrist believes that he should convince everyone and incline to his opinion, therefore, stubbornly conveys his thoughts, believing that they are perfect.

Egocentrism is a concept in psychology that is considered to be a negative characteristic of a person, but the egocentrics themselves believe that they are doing absolutely everything correctly. An ego-centrist can often be dissatisfied with himself, but this does not at all prevent him from being a person and respecting himself. Also respects like-minded people, so only they have the honor to be in the circle of his friends. In fact, it is difficult for an egotist to be in a long harmonious relationship. He often quarrels with friends, colleagues, loved ones. Mostly skirmishes occur because of differences of opinion and principles, which is a good reason to escape from egocentrism.

The most striking sign of egocentrism is the inability and unwillingness of an egocentric person to imagine the feelings of another person, to understand his motives. He could often avoid some conflicts if he sometimes realized that in some cases you just need to shut up.

The causes of egocentrism can be hidden in various factors of education. Some parents themselves provoke the development of egocentrism, although they do it quite unconsciously. This happens because the parents themselves are rapidly trying to please their child, trying to satisfy all his requests, and agree with all his requests. Thus, the formation of the consumer position. A child who has never felt resistance, does not understand the boundaries of personal opinion, continues to believe that everyone should agree with him, so he sincerely wonders how it turns out that not everyone agrees with him if his most dear people always accepted any of his opinions.

The causes of egocentrism can also be in the individual predisposition of the individual to this quality.

The egocentrism of a person makes his life oriented towards the satisfaction of exclusively personal needs. A person perceives everything only through the prism of his personality. He sincerely believes that everything that happens in the world relates directly to him. The constant talk of an ego-centrist that his role in the world determines that life is filled with meaning makes him a philosopher, moreover, that almost everyone does not understand him.

The one who had to communicate with a person who is inherent in self-centeredness, realized that this communication is rather difficult and decided not to get involved with it ever again.

Adult egocentrism is not a pathology, of course, however, it is worth eradicating it.

Children's egocentrism

A child of about 2-5 years old learns to communicate with others. To learn to negotiate, he must first understand that there are different personalities around with an individual vision of the world. A hindrance to this is children's egocentrism, which often provokes conflicts. So, the child does not want to share toys with peers, but considers it normal to take them from another.

The child's egocentrism will even then manifest itself, as it will be condemned, or scolded.

Many mistakenly begin to attribute egoism to the child, which is very wrong. At this age, selfishness cannot be present, because the child is not able to manipulate others. It's just hard for him to realize now that there is a difference between the desires of the individual and the realities of his life.

Child egocentrism is a manifestation in psychology that describes a child’s inability to see objects around the eyes of others.

The reasons for the child's egocentrism lie in cognition, which focuses only on personal position and on one’s own goals, experiences and aspirations. It’s very hard for him to take the opportunity of having other goals of his own.

All parents must be notified that egocentrism is characteristic of all young children, which is a normal aspect of development, and they must have the knowledge of how to properly build relationships with a child so that this egocentrism does not last forever. In order to free oneself from the child's egocentrism, one should concentrate forces on the development of decentration, help the child to realize verbally and convincingly convey to him that others have a personal point of view.

Piaget made a great discovery when, through the clinical method, he determined that children are characterized by egocentrism in the character of speech, features of egocentric logic, which are peculiar to the content of children's ideas about the world. The uniqueness of children's logic, speech and ideas are the results of a mental egocentric position.

After investigating children's ideas, J. Piaget found that when a child is at a certain degree of development, he most often sees things as they directly appear to him. It is difficult for a child to understand that things have an inner meaning, which affects his misunderstanding, how others can understand the same things differently than he does.

For example, it seems to a child that he is being harassed by a shadow — he immediately follows him as he runs off and stops with him. Sometimes children are afraid of this, it is hard for them to realize that this is an ordinary phenomenon. This makes it difficult to view objects in an internal relationship. This phenomenon Piaget calls the realism of children's ideas. The child considers his inner minute perception to be true, because he cannot yet separate the "I" from the outside world. In realism, the paradox of children's thinking is revealed, the child is close to direct observation and at the same time far from reality, he is close to the objective world, but still he is farther away than adults.

It is difficult for children to distinguish the world from the subjective world until they have reached a certain age. At first, the child tries to identify his own ideas with objects that are in the objective world, gradually begins to distinguish them, and egocentrism weakens a little. Thus, he comes to the realization that his subjective views differ from the views of others, that it is necessary to respect and recognize their opinion.

Egocentrism, as age-related neoplasm is manifested in adolescence. The child overcomes children's age egocentrism, then becomes sensitive and responsive, but can again become an egocentric personality due to, again, age factors. This happens, then, as the child reaches adolescence.

Egocentrism adolescents has some features. Adolescent egocentrism is represented as a personality-affective element associated with the development of individual thinking, also considered a personal property due to the influence of social factors (social circle, upbringing style, social status), is a personal determinant of mental activity, which is due to the peculiarities of the age and qualities of the individual.

Egocentrism of adolescents is the brightest of all age egocentrisms, only in this period it is most pronounced. It manifests itself in complete self-focusing, lack of understanding of the differences in social reality and subjective perceptions, conflict of the “I” perception of the image, faith in the uniqueness of one’s own existence.

Egocentrism is one of the determinants of adolescent personality development; as a stable character trait, it becomes the basis of a person's egocentric orientation. Usually, adolescent self-centeredness goes away itself, when hormones are balanced, mood swings cease, character accentuations are smoothed out. If, during the adolescent period, certain factors had an effect on a person, then there would be a chance that self-centeredness would take root longer.

How to get rid of egocentrism

Children's egocentrism usually disappears completely during adolescence. If close people (parents and teachers) behave properly, then the child quickly realizes that the whole world does not converge on him alone, that there are a lot of different principles and beliefs, and each person has his own interests, attitudes, goals, and does not have to adapt to someone. If adults raise a child in the conditions of permissiveness, making him the center of everything, then such children may either not realize all of these things at all, or it will be too late for that. But when egocentrism becomes part of the nature of an adult, it is quite difficult to fight with him.

Any manipulation of the human psyche can not be carried out in any way without his personal will. No one will be able to prove to a person that he is an egocentric, as well as to force him to get rid of egocentrism. Therefore, only when a person himself understands that his behavior makes it difficult for him to communicate with others, he will be able to overcome self-centeredness.

When an individual wants to change, change his way of thinking, his way of behavior, he can try to work out his own problems on his own, or go in search of help to a specialist, which will help him do it faster.

In order for a person to clearly understand that he should qualitatively change, those around him should be involved in the transformation process. They will not have to indulge him, not to encourage his egocentrism, not to recognize his mode of behavior as normal, but it is worth mentioning that he is not a child and the world no longer revolves around him alone.

In order to free a person from egocentrism, close people should ask such egocentric questions, for example: "According to you, what did I feel now or then, how was I?". The ego-centrist can put these questions in a stupor, he will think how it is possible that others are able to think differently, thoughts about his difference from the rest, uniqueness will settle in his head.

If the individual does not overcome his egocentrism, does not work on correcting his behavior, then life itself will teach a lesson with itself, after which the egocentric will think about the possibility of change.

A useful method of overcoming egocentrism is the way that a person forces himself to think in every situation, suppose what others can feel now, what kind of reaction can there be, what they feel, what they can think. This must be done constantly, so that it becomes a habit. So, a person gets used to the understanding that the others may also have different moods, thoughts, and beliefs. After all, he wants his views to be respected, and if this does not happen, he becomes sick. It is the conscious understanding that others feel the same, will help to overcome self-centeredness.

People who are inherent in self-centeredness are very fond of giving out recommendations to everyone, even if they are not asked. So, for example, if a person has managed to lose weight, then you should not immediately teach everyone around how to eat, how much exercise, how much water each person should drink, etc. Maybe other people don’t need to lose weight and this information does not carry them good, not interesting. Maybe this method of losing weight does not suit them, or they already know what they need to do. Therefore, it is not necessary to “torment” people with intrusive advice, which they will not listen to. If they ask, then you can tell your experience in more detail, if not - just let your relatives know that you have lost weight.

A technique that can overcome self-centeredness - “putting oneself in the place of another” will help a person to become an attentive family man, a successful worker, and a good conversationalist. Getting rid of egocentrism through this method, a person acquires the skills of a constructive clarification of relationships, active listening and effective conversations.

Egocentrists are used to calling or coming to people at any time (convenient for them), because they have an urgent need. Therefore, regarding this, it is worth bringing up a new habit.

Before you go to someone on demand, you need to think about when the appropriate time falls for this, so that the person can freely fulfill the request. If a person raises a baby at home, it means that you should not call very early, also not too late to wake them up.

Also, before you make your request, you should ask how a person is doing, how to live. So, a person will get used to reckon with the fact that other people have their own regime, and to find appropriate time for talking, in return, he will receive a friendly attitude of others. The main thing is that the individual is really located to change and deliverance from egocentrism.

If a couple wants to make their relationship closer and more sincere, each spouse needs to mentally put himself in the place of his partner, try to look at various household differences and conflicts and quarrels with his eyes. This will help to become less self-centered, will contribute to improving mutual understanding. You also need to express your convictions not intrusively, but simply and concretely, and accept the partner's beliefs, not to object, and not try to change them. And since each individual is unique and living all his life with a copy of himself is not so interesting, it is worth preserving his own individuality and respecting the uniqueness of another person.