Why does a child bite his nails? About thirty percent of babies from six to ten years old have an obsessive tendency to bite their nails. This habit is rooted in psychology. Medical science refers to the malignant preoccupation onychophagy. Irresponsible desire to bite the nails are less susceptible to girls. According to medicine, this phenomenon is due to the high stress tolerance of the female sex, as well as the development of emotional intelligence. More often considered a habit appears on the background of new life conditions with which the crumb psychologically unable to cope. That is why it is important for the close relatives of the children to realize that the cherished child who is completely prosperous may have considerable tension inside.
Why does a child bite his nails
The violation in question more often has a psychological nature, rather than being a flaw in the educational work of the parents. At the same time, the psychological factors causing oniophagy are often quite deep. Therefore, the earlier they are exposed, the more reliable the chances of eradicating unpleasant habits and the factors that caused it.
To understand why a child gnaws his fingernails on his hands and feet, it is necessary to identify the factors that have shaped such a need in a child. Some mothers are convinced that nail biting occurs on nerves. In part, this is true. Expectable kids start nibbling their nails quite early. From this obsession in the future, children are very difficult to get rid of. However, nervousness is not the only cause of childhood onychophagy. A common factor that provokes children to bite their nails is stress.
It is also often when kids start to try on the role of a student, then they experience strong intellectual, physical and psychological stress. The number of children gnawing their nails at school age is much higher than the number of babies suffering from this ailment in the preschool period.
Why does the child bite his nails and how to wean? There are many reasons why a child gnaws fingernails on his hands and feet. The considered habit may be the replacement of one weakness for another. For example, many mothers struggle with the predilection of babies to suck their thumb. As a result, the kids begin to bite the nail plate. Lack of care for the baby can also cause the described habit. When parents out of time cut the fingernails of the crumbs out of time and do not notice the interfering cuticle, the child automatically removes the irritant in a way that is accessible to him.
Anxiety, stress, a state of fear, constant experiences - all of the above may give rise to the habit of nail biting. The punishment received by the crumbs at home or at school, the fear of responding to students at the blackboard, the fear of getting bad marks cause anxiety in children.
Often the causes of the disease are rooted in parental behavior. After all, kids are trying to copy their parents. If an adult or someone from the environment of the crumbs has the obsession in question, then the likelihood of craving for nail biting at the baby increases significantly.
The reasons why the child bites his nails are as follows:
- in the internal aggression of the child (he may have a low sense of self-esteem or be dissatisfied with himself);
- in physiology (perhaps the crumb is the owner of weak nail plates, as a result of which the nails constantly exfoliate, break, tear up along the edges, which forces him to nibble on the interfering);
- in ordinary boredom, stimulating the child to nibble his nails (for example, the child may not be interested in the lessons, as a result of which he will unconsciously look for another occupation, which will later develop into an obsessive habit).
It so happens that the crumb just feels physical satisfaction from the process of biting the nails.
Often the pleasure of nibbling the nail plate is a kind of substitute for inaccessible for the baby, but pleasant action. To eliminate the harmful habit provoked by this reason, it is necessary carefully, without imposing, to offer the crumbs a more entertaining occupation that can satisfy him.
Some experts believe, biting nails, kids instinctively align, as if they gnaw their own shortcomings, blunders and problems. Often the reasons are visible to the naked eye, therefore, to identify them to attentive parents will not make work. However, more often the etiological factor lurks in the depths of the babies' heart, and in order to extract them outside, the assistance of a child psychologist will be required. In advanced cases, understand why the child bites his nails, the advice of a psychologist will only help.
How to wean a child to bite nails
Permanent nail biting is considered a fairly common habit, affecting not only the smallest members of society, but also adults. Often considered a violation gives parents a lot of trouble. Not every parent is able to successfully overcome this problem. In the first turn, due to the fact that they do not consider the described habit as a serious pathology. They are convinced that as they mature, they will disappear on their own. This is a misconception, since onychophagy is often observed in adults.
Experts say the violation described is not only a harmful addiction, but can also often be a symptom of the pathological condition of the crumbs.
Statistical surveys show that three-six-year-old babies rarely bite their fingernails. This pernicious attraction is inherent in more than seven to ten-year-old children (thirty percent of toddlers of this age suffer from the habit of biting their nails).
Why does a child bite his nails, what do adults do when they discover this habit? The occurrence of this disease in the seven-year period indicates the unrest of the crumbs associated with educational activities and school. Difficulties with the comprehension of the school curriculum, the implementation of school assignments, poor relationships with peers are all stressors for kids that cause feelings of dissatisfaction with their own special. The consequence of this is the appearance of the considered bad habit. The feeling of insecurity, reinforced by reproaches from teachers and parental accusations, acute anxiety because of their own failures - this is fertile ground, which is a solid basis for the birth of the described violation as a means of complacency. Without gaining support from relatives, the child tries to free himself from stress and internal discomfort by biting his nails. Physical or psychological penalties used by parents, the stressful microclimate of the family, long watching TV programs are also often a breeding ground for this ailment. For some children, nail nibbling is a kind of protest or a desire to annoy older relatives, as well as an expression of anger hidden by aggression.
The number of people who are addicted to nail biting in the puberty period increases to forty-five percent. This is due to the increase in the number of problems and difficulties arising in this period. It is because of this that parents can hardly hope that the habit will disappear miraculously.
How to wean a child to bite nails? Psychologist's advice states that it is necessary to start eradicating addiction as early as possible in the earlier age period and to identify the etiological factor.
Only a calm atmosphere and a favorable microclimate in the family, good communication of relatives, without shouting and elevated tone, care, love and attention of loved ones will help to correct the situation and wean the child to bite his fingernails on his hands and feet. Shouts and endless abuse can only aggravate the pathology in question. Harmonious relationships in the family and mutual understanding better than other methods are able to free the child from harmful traction.
The habit of gnawing nails has a number of complications, namely, distortion of the nail plate configuration, violation of the shape of the fingers, inflammation or suppuration of the bitten skin, pathogenic bacteria from under the nail plates, penetrating the digestive system, cause intestinal infections, helminthic invasions due to ingestion through the oral cavity when biting nails, ridicule peers.
How to wean a child to bite his nails, psychologists recommend using the following methods. First, stop scolding your baby. In addition to scolding the child is useless, this creates additional tension for him, which will only exacerbate addiction.
You should not take the violation in question as a tragedy. Since the excessively turbulent and restless reaction of relatives will become another stressor, causing an increase in the frequency of manifestation of habit. Individual kids, noticing that their addiction annoys their parents, can use it to protest or for the sake of revenge. This will contribute to the rooting of the habit of nail biting for a long time.
Psychologists say that bans even for three-year-olds act differently for their own purpose. However, the point here is not the mischief of the child, but its pride and self-esteem, which does not allow him to agree with the parental requirement. In addition, the baby will begin to use addiction as a tool to avenge the parents for their constant charges and punishments. Therefore, for the eradication of addiction, parents, in the first turn, need to change their own behavioral response. They should understand that reproaches, threats and prohibitions are ineffective. Conversely, the rejection of the above correction methods will lead to the desired outcome. After all, there is no more effective method for relieving children's stress and excitement than parental affection, understanding and love.
You also can not insult the kids, raise their voices on them, because children are easily-exposed creatures who take everything too close to the soul. It is therefore necessary in a favorable atmosphere to try to talk to the child, find out what disturbs him, while trying to minimize the influence of stressors.
Parents should try to form a habit of holding their limbs with something else. For example, a baby may, in the event of an overwhelming desire to bite his nails, unnoticeably squeeze and unclench his fists several times. The same actions can be done when an alarm occurs. This helps to calm down, eliminate tension, switch the nervous system to another goal.
In addition, adults need to keep their own actions under control, because if someone in the house nibbles at the nail plate, the kid will definitely take an example from him. Therefore, in the first turn, it is necessary to eradicate their own addictions.
If the crumb is too hostile, often irritated, sometimes aggressive, it is necessary to train him in socially acceptable ways of displaying unfriendliness. For example, visiting wrestling sections, participating in competitions, and active games will help the children to throw out negative emotional manifestations without harming their own persona and those around them.
How to wean a child to bite nails? This can help joint with the baby needlework classes. So, modeling, painting with colors, applique, folding the designer, laying out a mosaic, embroidering, cutting, knitting will fill the life of the crumbs with joyful minutes, use hands, and also will not let him be bored. Creativity is an excellent method for expressing accumulated emotions, energy and negative. Items that are pleasant to the touch, such as balls, smooth pebbles, etc., contribute to the elimination of stress.
Children can be greatly impressed by the story of the negative consequences of the nail biting habit. It is necessary to colorfully describe possible complications, to support the story with facts, while trying not to intimidate the child. For example, you can show crumbs of worms that may appear in the body.
To rid the child of the violation in question, it is necessary to gradually accustom him to independence. Since a child’s gnawing on his nails can be provoked by unexpected separation from his mother, for example, when he goes to work, if necessary. The child has to get used to kindergarten or hanging out with grandmothers. Such a separation may cause psychological trauma in the crumbs in the presence of a close relationship with the mother. Therefore, it is not recommended to sharply deprive the child of hanging out during the daylight hours with his parents.