Imitation - This is a process in which one individual tries to follow exactly in all the other person, group, model, while he independently copies actions that he perceives from others. Psychological imitation is of considerable importance in the assimilation by man of social experience, which is observed in many in different phases of individual development. In the preschool and early ages, by imitation, behavioral norms, self-service skills, and subject actions are adopted. In older age, it takes on a different meaning.
This phenomenon is a completely logical sociological phenomenon. For example, when a person is subjected to pressure with the help of social norms, the majority of participants in a social group behave in a certain way, doing specific actions, and it will be difficult for individuals to resist it. In this case, imitation is a type of group thinking. People want to feel and understand that they are right. These people behave this way to match others. They look at how others behave and take an example, copy the patterns of their behavior, considering it to be correct, because most behave like that.
In the phenomenon of imitation the fear of isolation matters. Everyone wants to be clear and enjoyable, to be accepted in society, because many do not want to be white crows, rejected from the group. It is the need for recognition that helps them to accept the values and norms of the majority.
The effect of imitation is quite unstable manifestation, because people can easily adopt preferences and abandon them just as quickly. In the psychological and sociological aspect, this phenomenon is the conscious following of the behavior of others, the re-creation of perceived behavior.
The mechanism of imitation in psychology can be conscious and unconscious, absolute or partial, creative and literal, voluntary and compulsory.
Imitation as a mechanism of the psychology of the mass has such a feature that it manifests itself when the individual consciousness decreases. The need is in the masses, not only helps to reduce the level of rationality, it increases the emotionality. This emotional state contributes to the desire of a person to share it with others.
If favorable situations arise for this, the ability of imitation is actualized. Favorable factors can be the presence of a certain number of people who feel close states, ready to divide it. It turns out that it becomes the main mechanism of behavior, because from a potential ability it becomes a concrete ability. A person begins to display patterns of behavior perceived by him of people who are in a similar emotional state, observing the proposed patterns of emotional state regulation. It creates a mass of people that imitate each other. With such an interaction, the test conditions intensify, reaching a peak, then gradually decreasing.
The ability to imitate non-infinite, it is exhausted, discharging the emotional state, and the need to regulate this state is saturated, and then control over behavior begins to be restored.