Psychology and Psychiatry


Philanthropist - This is a human subject, caring for the improvement of the quality of being of the surrounding individuals. In short, it is a person who has dedicated herself to charity, helping those in need. The oldest variation of charity is the distribution of alms in the churches. Every philanthropist shows his love for the human race differently. Some donate various sums to medical institutions, others help with acts. Consequently, a philanthropist is a person who has given himself wholly to serving the children of Earth, doing charity work, doing everything possible to improve the quality of existence of the needy.

What does the word philanthropist mean?

A philanthropist can be called an individual who considers God’s main creation of man. The philanthropist is convinced that the human race is the crown of evolution. Philanthropists prefer to ignore the negative features of the people around them. They see only virtues. Even the writers of antiquity noticed that wealthy people have a need to do good. A wealthy person feels great pleasure from helping those in need. A more earthman philanthropist is a person who devotes himself to gratuitous help to the suffering. Moreover, by providing assistance, the benefactor, as a rule, does not err at the expense of people, he sees them and knows the price. Therefore, it does good deeds not because of unconditional love, but because of its own personal reasons. For example, they can be ruled by pride, vanity, or a feeling of omnipotence. Also, "patrons" can pray for past transgressions. But regardless of the factors that prompted the individual to engage in charity work, helping others is a necessary thing.

In a narrow interpretation, the meaning of the word philanthropist implies humanity. In other words, an individual who is the patron of the afflicted, a supporter of charitable activities. The classical form of patronage in ancient times was the distribution of alms and the care of beggars.

Ideally, a benefactor has a love for the human race expressed in the actions and way of thinking equally. At the same time, in antiquity, as well as, to this day they call anyone who makes donations a philanthropist. In other words, it does not matter how the individual treats the poor and other surroundings, his moral guidelines are unimportant, the main thing is that he donates material values ​​to the needy. Thus, philanthropy is the so-called historically determined heritage, expressed in providing support to representatives of the ruling class for people from lower strata.

The modern meaning of the word philanthropist suggests a slightly different interpretation. Today, the philanthropist is a subject who reveals himself from the good side. Most modern "benefactors" do good deeds for the sake of various benefits and advertising.

Prerequisites for the formation of philanthropy today can be considered changes in tax rules, which approved the privileges for businesses that make cash donations. In addition, modern charity is fashionable. Many wives of well-known personalities or simply wealthy people donate money to various hospitals, foundations, or organize charitable organizations themselves. As a rule, such ladies benefit from boredom, and not from great love for society.

In addition, public philanthropy contributes to the formation of a positive image of the benefactor in society. Christian postulates, in turn, erected a charity of one degree with the atonement of transgressions. Orthodoxy also broadcasts the chance of redemption of bad deeds through good deeds. Charity promises the possibility of acquiring grace in eternal being through acts of charity in worldly life.

People become philanthropists for the reasons given below:

- because of the desire to equalize social inequality;

- due to the desire to perpetuate your own name on the pages of history;

- because of the cause of serving the Fatherland and its people;

- at the call of the heart;

- because of the humane attitude towards human subjects as creatures of God.

Therefore, the fundamental psychological aspect of humanity lies in the desire to help those in need. This aspiration of the person can either accept or repel, but it will be present all the same in all its actions. With the suppression of help to others, internal disharmony, dissonance, is born, which causes the occurrence of depressions, increased nervousness, the emergence of shy conscientiousness.

In children, philanthropy is initially expressed in caring for stray kittens and neighborly dogs. Toddlers often bring sick orphan animals to the house, even when against parents. In puberty philanthropy is found in the crowds of hungry classmates and as a result of the empty refrigerator. Adults are confined exclusively to direct charitable gestures: donate money, donate unnecessary things to those in need, or take them to an orphanage.

Philanthropists are by their nature excellent performers, but they find it difficult to work in a disorderly collective. In the professional field, a philanthropist often places more responsibilities on his own person than on his colleagues.

Philanthropists will always satisfy a request for help from a colleague. Such behavior often causes losses to the enterprise. In addition, colleagues simply use a philanthropist, considering it to be trouble-free.

In family relationships, philanthropists are considered wonderful family men. They will always come to the aid of the second half, even when they do not ask.

What does a philanthropist mean?

This word implies a subject who loves humanity - in a narrow interpretation. Therefore, the concept under consideration can be opposed to the term misanthrope, which means misanthrope. In this sense, philanthropy is inherent in the nature of the personality, since its survival is possible only in society, where the principles of mutual aid prevail.

The specificity of philanthropy lies in the absence of related ties or other close relationships between the person providing charitable assistance and the subject accepting it. Simply put, individuals involved in philanthropic interaction due to historical circumstances are not bound by any rigid framework that imposes the obligation of mutual assistance with people who receive charitable support. The subjects giving and receiving greatly differ in social status and material security. Philanthropy forms morally disinterested acts. It is aimed at reducing social contrasts and weakening social trends.

Today, due to the prevailing atmosphere of non-intervention, indifference, the malice of philanthropists is often considered freaks (a subject that is different from the majority, a kind of urban "crazy").

Philanthropy, as well as any other phenomenon in society, is an ambiguous phenomenon.

If we consider this concept more broadly, based on modern views, then the question: what does a philanthropist mean, we can give the following answer. Despite the fact that the word itself comes from two Greek and literally means to love people, today it is customary to call it any individual engaged in charity, regardless of the motives of those who encouraged it.

It is indisputable that charitable organizations of the world use their own considerable forces for the sake of developing the field of public health, making scientific discoveries and the flourishing of culture. However, here there are invisible stones.

For example, in the United States, the professional activity of the foundations is practically no different from the political orientation of the country, whose main task is to achieve "universal welfare". Politicians together with philanthropists, constantly helping the poor, drove the country into a corner. Their efforts have grown more than one generation of dependent subjects. People used to receive charitable assistance, for this reason they have no need to work and as a result - the desire to provide for themselves. In fact, excessive philanthropy has deprived these people of their independence; it has made them dependent on continuous social assistance. Most of the subjects living at the expense of patronage of the arts, do not want to work, they are unable to change their own position on their own.

Such thoughtless charity had a negative impact on emigrants, since they were provided with both social and educational assistance at the same time. As a result, educational programs have led to the destruction of ethnic significance, the loss of the national uniqueness of national minorities. Despite all the negative consequences of excessive philanthropy, socially oriented activities of charitable foundations solve the problems and urgent problems of the poor, which the state either does not seek to solve, or few opportunities. This is the main benefit and task of philanthropy.

Thus, a fundamental feature of philanthropy is charity, which is a specific manifestation of humanism. Ideally, philanthropy should encompass a set of moral actions and moral principles aimed at supporting and rendering gratuitous assistance to the needy and the disadvantaged (poor, disabled, weak, undergone a catastrophe).

Charity in itself is important not only for the sake of helping the least socially protected groups. It is one of the means of social activity, the expression of kindness and moral and moral self-education.