Laziness - This is a lack of diligence, an absolute lack of willingness to do something, to identify at least the slightest effort to action. From the position of science, laziness appears in the context of an individual’s volitional sphere, perceived as its negative quality, lack of activity, motivation, unwillingness to achieve goals, desire to rest and have time to rest. Comparing the volitional characteristics of a person, there is lack of will, the concept of laziness belongs to it.

Psychology the concept of laziness interprets not as a disease or an unhealthy condition, but as a symptom, a signal about a problem, it is a conflict between a person’s desire and his duty, the need to do.

Causes of laziness

Psychology considers the causes of laziness in several directions: the living conditions in which a person finds himself; individual features of the nervous system of the individual, education and adaptation of man in society. Among the most common causes of laziness are some of the following.

Firstly, physical fatigue, when a person is tired physically, emotionally, intellectually. If the balance between rest and work is disturbed, the individual has exhausted his inner strength and the desire to do something is lost. The body and the nervous system refuses to continue working in this mode and signals the need for rest, manifesting itself through laziness.

The second problem, a symptom of which is a flaccid state, is the loss of interest or lack thereof in general to the work that a person does or should do. The goal is not inspiring, lack of motivation. What we need to do is not consistent with the values ​​and interests that are significant for us at this time, the feeling of the futility of what you do. The discrepancy between “I want” and “must” is an intrapersonal conflict that wears off from within. A person is obliged to do such that he does not seem necessary. "Whose purpose is this?" "Who needs it?" If you force yourself to act, then naturally there will be resistance, most likely unconscious. If you force yourself to do something for a long time that is not interesting, you are sure to overcome laziness.

The next reason for laziness is fear. The fear that it will not be possible to do this, that as a result of the energy expended, the money put in by some effort, the person will not receive what is needed. So laziness performs a protective function of those actions that a person is afraid to do and which intersect with a certain discomfort for him. He may not be aware of this fear, he will simply be too lazy to do it. An individual may be afraid of something new for him, of which he has never had any experience, he may be afraid to look ridiculous, get down to business and not finish it, not acquire those dividends on which he believed hope. There may also be fear through the past negative experience, personal traumatic situation with sad consequences.

Another reason for laziness is homeostasis. Our body tends to preserve the state that is familiar to him. The body is full, it does not threaten him, he is comfortable, he does not need to show any effort to do something new for himself. Man so survives.

The reasons may be the presence of neurological or mental illness, alcohol abuse, drug use, impaired stimulation and the production of the hormone dopamine.

Studying hyperactivity in children and attention deficit disorder, the cause of laziness can also highlight the behavioral problems in childhood and emotional trauma. Separately, I want to highlight the reason for the emergence of constant, chronic laziness - this is childhood and growing up without worries, without the right to make choices, without solving problems, when my mother decided and did everything for the child, did not allow him to be independent.

Analyzing all the above, based on the causes of laziness, psychology refers to this phenomenon from several angles:

- a signal that goals are not environmentally friendly - do not match our desires and personal abilities;

- protection against burnout;

- a sign of the inconsistency of the task, when our tasks require very large efforts, and the result is not worth it;

- lack of motivation, no desire and importance in achieving the goal;

- mismatch between goal and self-assessment;

- physical, emotional, intellectual inactivity, passivity.

Laziness can also be a sign of depression, apathy.

How to overcome laziness?

There is a mythical opinion among people about how to overcome laziness and apathy: this is a magical psychological method, one right decision, a magical exercise that will help solve the problem. But such a unique tool does not exist. There is an internal responsibility of each, as a person will be able to live or serve his life, to make decisions independently. And how to get rid of laziness in the individual case of each, the choice for the lazy himself and his responsibility.

How to get rid of laziness to a person in today's society? If you have decided to stop being lazy and are ready to take obligations for all those events, changes that will occur in life, then you should analyze the algorithm of your actions and options for working with laziness. First of all, it makes sense to study the causes of this state.

I remembered the anecdote: "A man is lying on a bed for days, his wife chops wood and cooks, eats, cleans food. He is very tired, he approaches the man and angrily: - Why are you lying all day, if only he helped in the household!" replies: “What if a war, and I'm tired.”

The banal cause of a lazy state may be fatigue. In this embodiment, nothing more effective than rest does not exist. The only condition for such a holiday: do not consciously occupy yourself at all, especially what tires you more - watch TV, think about how to get rid of laziness along the way, analyze the past day, week, month, criticize yourself for inactivity and passivity, and just relax and rest. There is still a reliable way to overcome fatigue - active rest, changing activities to activities with pleasure. Ask yourself the question: "When did you rest so well that you felt full?" Here there is a need to think about a clear daily routine, expedient use of time, alternation of physical activities with intellectual ones, and more often stay in fresh clean air.

If the reason for lack of interest, loss of inspiration to the activity itself or its result, then the question would be relevant: "Why should I do this?". The answer will be an explanation of what a symptom of laziness signals, what is valuable for a person, where to look for interest, how you can motivate yourself, inspire you to move towards the result of your intended goal. If you force yourself to do uninteresting, then there will be no result. There will be internal resistance. If there is no satisfying clear answer to the question asked, then it is worth figuring out whose goal a person realizes, who needs it. Maybe a lazy state protects a person from the inappropriate waste of energy, time, personal resources. It is recommended in this variant to look for personal motivation, it is worth using praise, promise of encouragement, wish fulfillment, which is closer to the individual. It is important to see the pleasant and joyful in the little things, to learn more to enjoy minor victories.

How to get rid of laziness, the cause of which is fear? Laziness here plays a positive function, protecting us from discomfort, discomfort and consequences. Fear is often unconscious, so understanding the cause of laziness is extremely difficult. It is advisable to keep track of what is painful in such activities, what we are afraid of, and what we would like to move away from. To ask myself: “What is my internal benefit, what is my gain, if I refuse to do this?”. Here is the best way to recognize your fear, find out what exactly we fear, what needs to be done to overcome internal fears. In modern society, being lazy is a more acceptable form of behavior than being afraid. But to fight with laziness will be useless and tiring, when the reason for it is fear. It is important to understand why you do not trust yourself? What needs to be changed, tightened up, understood, in order to renew its own determination, its capabilities, increase confidence.

How to overcome laziness and apathy to a person if they are a symptom of depression, unwillingness to change anything, a habitual way of being, a legacy of education or a disease? Then it is recommended to contact the necessary specialists in the field of medicine for examination or treatment, work with a practicing psychologist, psychotherapist. J. Hollins wrote that depression, like apathy, is a useful message, that something vital is concluded in a state of depression, and it’s very important not to run away from him, but to plunge into this stay, feel and understand about him more, so that you can go farther.

Any collision with laziness involves effort. Where these efforts need to be applied due to the fact that hiding behind a symptom. Anyway, efforts will have to be made, this state itself will not disappear. The absence of laziness does not mean doing many things, forbidding oneself to do anything; it’s about the absence in the current life of the unwillingness to act, decide, move.

In fact, there are three options not to be lazy:

- this is when inspiration is present, and if it is not inspiring, then a person understands how to interest himself;

- when an individual has the opportunity to induce himself to do it. Here it is important to keep a balance in understanding what a person needs and what he really wants. After all, if you only force yourself, you can be very tired of such pressure, and as a result you will not want to do anything at all;

- come to terms with the situation, stop criticizing yourself for your laziness. After all, laziness may protect you from empty, uninteresting work, the final of which will not bring the desired pleasure.

In general, the symptom of laziness indicates a lack of understanding and understanding that the individual in reality wants in his life. A person who knows what he wants copes with laziness easily.