Reference - is the ability of the group to indirectly influence the emergence and formation of opinions, ideals, human behavior. This interaction factor has no relationship with emotional bindings and reactions (judgments of an emotionally significant person can be perceived less weightily than the opinion of an emotionally neutral person perceived). The values inherent in the personality are not formed from the ideals of the group to which a person’s membership is exclusively formal, but are shaped by a grouping of people where the individual seeks or feels inner involvement.
To provide a reference impact, it is not necessary to directly contact, be formally meaningful and even realistic. In the process of growing up, the reference groupings of personality change, their level of significance changes, with respect to the displacement of sympathies. In psychology, the methodology of referentry appeared, the main indicators of which are the values of sympathy and antipathy. A mature person is a person who has mastered the ability to focus less on society, and more on his own world view and moral principles.
Knowledge of reference relationships as a system and an understanding of their functioning facilitates the construction of group classes of psychological work for the purpose of correcting both the intragroup space and individual individuals. Reference is used, in addition to psychology, in linguistics, biology, sociology, etc.