Absense - This is a kind of epipriation, which is a symptom of epilepsy. The absence of an unexpected short-term loss of consciousness manifests itself. The individual abruptly, without visible precursors, stops moving, as if kamenet. At the same time, his gaze is directed forward, a constant expression appears on his face. A person does not show reactions to external stimuli, does not respond to question phrases, speech is abrupt. After a couple of seconds, the state returns to normal. The individual does not remember the experienced state, he simply continues the movement produced earlier, therefore he behaves as if nothing had happened. A specific feature of absansa is considered a high incidence. Often can reach 100 seizures per day.
Often the attacks of absans remain unnoticed, as a result, the essence of their origin is rather difficult to detect. A number of scientific figures put forward a hypothesis of genetic predisposition against the background of the emergence at a certain instant of the activation of the functioning of brain cells.
In addition, distinguish between true seizure and false absans. From the last individual it is easy to withdraw by touch or by conversion, with a loud, sudden shout. If the seizure is true, then the subject will not respond to the above described actions.
Also among the probable etiological factors of the origin of the state in question are:
- hyperventilation of the lungs, leading to changes in oxygen concentration and carbon dioxide levels, which causes hypoxia;
- toxic products intoxication;
- violation of the ratio of the required chemical compounds in the brain.
However, it should be understood that in the presence of all the above provoking factors, the state in question does not always develop. The likelihood of initiation of an abscess is increased if one of the below mentioned illnesses is diagnosed in a subject:
- dysfunction of the structures of the nervous system;
- Congenital convulsive disorder;
- a condition after the transfer of inflammatory processes occurring in the brain;
- brain contusions, various injuries.
Child abscess occurs more often due to pathologies that originated during the ontogeny of the baby at the level of genetics. When a fetus stays in the mother's womb, changes in the formation of brain structures and the nervous system are recorded, which, after their appearance, are detected in neoplasms, microcephaly or hydrocephalus.
In addition, children's epileptic absans may occur on the background of misalignment of braking impulses and nervous system excitation signals, resulting from infectious diseases, hormonal disorder or brain contusions in the infancy or early age.
The following are typical factors provoking the onset of abscess in babies:
- constantly present stressors;
- increased mental stress;
- increase in physical activity;
- adaptation to climate change;
- infectious diseases, surgery on the brain or its injuries;
- there are kidney diseases, pathologies of the myocardium and the respiratory system;
- intensive load on vision due to overuse of the computer gaming world, reading or watching bright cartoons.
Absans in adults
Considered ailment is a non-severe type of epiprikadkov. However, people who have signs of abscess should be more closely monitor their own health. They are encouraged to try less to be alone, and you can not be yourself when swimming or interacting with unsafe technical devices. In addition, individuals suffering from such seizures are prohibited from controlling vehicles and other equipment.
Absans, what is it? Mostly, absences are characterized by the following manifestations: body stiffness, absent eyes, slight fluttering of the eyelids, making chewing movements, smacking lips, simultaneous motor acts of the upper limbs.
The described state has a duration of several seconds. Recovery from absense occurs quickly, the individual returns to its normal state, but cannot recall the seizure. Often, people can experience several attacks per day, which often significantly complicates their professional activities.
Typical signs of absence are the missing look, the change in color of the skin of the dermis, the fluttering of the eyelids. Individuals may have a complex absans, which is accompanied by a back bend of the body, with patterned motor acts. After suffering a complex seizure, the individual usually feels that he has suffered something unusual.
The considered violation is accepted to be systematized according to the severity of their leading manifestations, therefore typical seizures and atypical absans are distinguished. The first - occur in the absence of preliminary signs. The man seems to be lumbering, his gaze is fixed in one place, the motor operations carried out before the onset of the seizure cease. After a few seconds, the mental state is fully restored.
Atypical variety of occurrence of absences is characterized by a gradual debut and completion, as well as a wider symptomatology. An epileptic may experience a bending of the trunk, an automatism in motor acts, the loss of things from the hands. Lowering the tone often causes a sudden drop in the body.
Difficult absences of an atypical course, in turn, can be classified into 4 below forms.
Myoclonic seizures are characterized by a short partial or complete loss of consciousness, which is accompanied by sharp, cyclic tremors throughout the body. Usually myoclonias are found bilateral. More often they are found on the facial area in the form of twitching of the corners of the lips, eyelid tremor and eye muscles. The subject, which is in the palms, falls out at a fit.
Atonic forms of absansa are manifested by a sharp weakening of the muscle tone, which is accompanied by a fall. Often, weakness can appear only in the neck muscles, as a result of which the head falls on the chest. Rarely, with this type of abscess, involuntary urination occurs.
Akinetic form is characterized by complete shutdown of consciousness, along with the immobility of the entire body.
Absences occurring with autonomic symptoms, manifest in addition to deactivating consciousness, urinary incontinence, reddening of the facial dermis, and a sharp dilation of the pupils.