TV damage from its endless viewing - this is an indisputable fact, proved by scientists. The invention, which was supposed to promote the growth of the personality, the development of thinking, is a lazy way of life and an attribute of a narrow, limited outlook. Currently, there are more and more individuals who do not want to spend all their free time watching TV. And it has long been a trend to ignore among the thinking, advanced personalities of one of the most powerful media channels.
In order for an individual to decide whether or not to watch TV is harmful, it is necessary to figure out what function television performs and how watching television affects the mental state of the viewer.
Psychologists say that television is evil, and watching television, for example, at night provokes the development of depression in children and adults. Researchers at Ohio University found that individuals sitting at night in front of the TV or monitor screen are more likely to suffer from depressive disorders.
Negative consequences for the emotional state of the individual are provoked by a dim light from the TV screens in the dark. Therefore, this small "box" can have a significant impact on the psyche of the individual. Often from the TV screen show fights, murders, violence, transmit information about the victims of squabbles and natural disasters, catastrophes and natural disasters, wars and so on. Such a pastime is not conducive to the development of a harmonious and peaceful person, confident in their happy future. Even if watching television programs is limited to melodramas, programs about unhappy love - all this is not positive, and the psyche in this case will also be harmed by the TV, perhaps not as clearly as in the case of watching programs with violence.
A person with the traits of a romantic or idealist sooner or later begins to believe that life should be like in the movies: eternal love, endless kisses and flowers. Building up a relationship with a potential chosen one, difficulties arise because of cognitive dissonance: the discrepancy between the ideal picture in the head about happiness and real life. Therefore, the influence of the media is an urgent problem today.
The harm from watching TV is not always noticeable, since it has a cumulative effect and the consequences of harm from the television "box" do not reveal themselves immediately.
The benefits and harm of TV
Undoubtedly, you can not discount the benefits of the TV. Television performs and conducts work in the following areas:
- social and pedagogical;
- cultural and educational;
And in order to get all this, a person does not need to put special efforts and work, you do not need to train your brain or body: just sit, just watch and listen.
Television fully satisfies the information needs of the individual, society, state, as the TV spreads information much faster, fuller, more reliable and richer in emotions than the print media or radio.
It has become a standard of life to regularly receive political, economic, cultural, social information in the world through television. From this it comes out that the reference points of the broadcasting network are information programs of any TV company, and in the intervals between news releases all the other programs are located. And the harm of the TV to the psyche of the individual can be traced clearly after seeing the broadcast news channels.
The pursuit of sensational news materials is explained by the goal of raising the rating, retaining and raising audience interest, and, of course, the profitability of the broadcasting company. Recognizing this factor, it should be noted the following, that deviating from the norm is important for a biological organism (human). Television news releases, knowing this and fulfilling an informative function, do so with a clear desire to broadcast non-normative phenomena from the life of society. For the common man viewing the news passes with a "painful sensation." This is a global practice. Psychologists are worrying about this and argue that it is important for journalists to find the necessary tone for reports of wars and catastrophes and, despite the excess of negative information, the news release should not give viewers a mood of hopelessness and depression.
The importance of the function from the cultural and educational TV screens is undeniable. The cultural and educational function is performed fully even after viewing the information program, where the viewer is shown the presenters, the participants of the events, their degree of literacy, the style of communication, etc. This all has an impact on the audience installation and does not always have a positive example.
Reference is largely perceived leading programs. This fact is alarming for television critics, since the emergence of a different level of multiple TV channels has created an excess of insufficiently literate and uncultured presenters.
Speaking about the cultural and educational function of television (broadcasting cultural events: concerts, performances, films and television films), one cannot but point out a certain "inferiority" of this familiarity with the beautiful. But, of course, it is necessary to recognize that for many TV viewers this is the only opportunity to get acquainted with works of art. In cultural and educational programs there is often an element of edification, didactics. The task of the authors of such programs is to make them unobtrusive, as delicate as possible.
The recreational function of the television is important as a benefit. It allows you to relax, recover after a hard day's work. Television, broadcasting a variety of shows, entertainment programs helps a person to move away from everyday worries, to relax, to relax.
What is the harm from TV in this case? The negative impact of the TV lies in the fact that it is inherent in the ability to "penetrate into the personal space" of a person, influencing both the image and sound on the nervous system. The only thing that is in the power of the person in this case, to reduce the negative impact of the TV - it's just to turn it off. This must also be done because television takes a very long time. Previously, people enjoyed watching programs when there was a free minute, but now most individuals are so keen on watching TV shows that they can distract from the information "box" in between advertising blocks.
From the point of view of leisure, watching TV takes all the time and from this position the harm from the TV is obvious. Numerous studies have found that, on average, a city dweller watches TV for several hours a day. The closed loop, including work, sleep and watching TV, is a common way of life for many individuals.
To get rid of the obsessive habit of watching TV constantly, a person needs to realize that the television industry aims to make the individual worse than he really is. Intimacy, fear, greed - these are the main levers of influence on the mind of the viewer, which are actively used by all producers. Fiction and documentary films are full of blood and violence, voluptuous intimate scenes are present almost everywhere, and television shows narrating how someone earns millions “rivet” attention to the screens of many poor dreamers.
Of course, the TV industry is still broadcasting a small number of standing TV shows, but judging by the observed trend, they have only a short time to go. Many channels predominantly bring into the life of the individual base emotions and negativity, and this is at a time when a person could enjoy the taste of an interesting, real life.