Time management - These are ways to organize temporary space, with the aim of its most economical and at the same time effective use. Time management has as its goal the training of conscious attention and control over the time spent for the implementation of certain tasks. Initially, time management was used exclusively in the business sphere, but gradually its methods became relevant for the organization and personal space. Time management methods consist of a variety of techniques, including initial goal setting, planning necessary actions, assigning and delegating tasks, and drawing up priority lists.
With information development and the acceleration of the pace of life of the society, as well as with the increasing requirements in the features of work, people are required to perform increasing volumes of tasks. Companions of this process are often deadlines and time trouble. Those who withstand such a load by exerting all the forces and exploring the last reserves of the psyche are in chronic stress, nervous exhaustion, overactive mental systems, which entails neurological and psychosomatic disorders. To cope with the distribution of the load to optimize the work helps such technology as time management.
The main reason for the emergence of time management is the increasing level of time pressure. This is a shortage of the time period allotted by the schedule to perform the allocated work in connection with the incorrect organization of the activity by the employee or the management. The reasons for the lack of time are the lack of a work plan, the inadequacy in assessing a person’s abilities, a weak level of control over personal needs, the absence or insufficient level of motivation.
Effective time management is based on good planning, which begins with a daily analysis of what actions have been spent for how long, which makes it possible to draw up the most appropriate plan. In planning, it is worthwhile to divide the goals set by their urgency and include only the amount of tasks that a person can really cope with (you shouldn’t paint the whole day, it’s better to plan 60% of the time, and leave 40% for unexpected tasks).
For long-term goals, downward planning is an important point - the multi-year task is divided into annual, annual, quarterly, then monthly and daily plans. When an unexpected change of conditions arises the need for redistribution of tasks and raise the question of their priority.
Time Management - Time Management
Time planning includes both corporate time management and personal time management. From the first rules of the personal area - not to work in your free time, try to finish all work affairs in the time allotted for this, minimize the time spent on living, plan your free time so that it is present as cultural and emotional events (concerts, exhibitions, theaters) and physical (sports, active recreation). It is worth paying special attention to leisure in the middle of the working week and fill at least one of the evenings with active activities, as well as free time on business trips, where it is worthwhile to set aside a few hours devoted to sightseeing.
The basics of time management are based on managing the most valuable and non-renewable resource - time. This life strategy includes theoretical aspects, certain philosophical views, as well as a number of defining principles and practical methods for structuring your temporary space. Of course, without internal awareness and support of ideas of reasonable use of time, following practical recommendations will bring less efficiency, due to the lack of stability in their implementation.
The modern name of this direction of self-development does not reflect its recent appearance. Even in ancient times, people were interested in the question of the most optimal organization of their own being. Philosophers of the time, striving for greater efficiency of their own, spoke about the impact of planning activities on its productivity and focused on the implementation of actions depending on their importance.
Now there are two main areas: corporate time management and personal time management. Corporate is relevant in large companies, for managers who plan the work schedule of the entire enterprise, each department and the tasks of a particular person. For these purposes, the manager ranks the degree of significance of the current tasks and determines the deadlines, as well as the number of tasks worth giving out to the employee, carries out the control of the execution.
For corporate time management - time management characteristic is the monitoring of time costs for the further planning of the schedule. Also relevant is the formulation of several tasks per day, this prevents stagnation of activity, if one of the tasks cannot be performed at a given time period for technical reasons.
Personal time management concerns an individual and may affect both his professional field and personal time, development, relationships. Personal time management is relevant when the panic thought “I don’t have time” is spinning in your head. If you still do not need the help of serious specialists, but you feel that the forces are running out, you have rolled up, you are constantly working, and the lumen is not visible, then it’s time to pay attention to your interaction with time. Time management will help to establish its use, but before you carry out practical recommendations, take a pause and determine what your inner aim is, what your true goals are. With a lack of motivation and following someone else's goals, competent planning will, of course, improve the situation, but your eyes will not light up and you will not get inspired motivation. The main guarantee of success and quick overcoming of the goals set is the pleasure received from the process of their fulfillment and completion.
The basics of time management can reduce the exhaustion of mental reserves and increase productivity not due to the application of more forces, but with the help of their proper distribution.
Time management is not aimed at working more, stronger or all the time. This method is about how to work effectively, so that the strength and inspiration remain, in order to live and develop personal spheres that are fundamental to the personal sense of the individual. Initial planning allows, spending up to ten minutes on it, to save the whole hours, which can be spent with pleasure in the future.
Effective time management is not something transcendental, requiring specific skills and training, it begins with the inclusion of scheduled tasks in the list - write in a notebook, enter in the phone, use special applications, but the necessary goals should be fixed. This list should be reviewed and checked for relevance, edited throughout the day in accordance with new emerging goals and priority changes. Each task must have fixed deadlines, start time. The psychological method of stimulating further activities will be marking or deleting completed items.
Time management helps to manage time, making life more saturated, productive and comfortable.