Psychology and Psychiatry


Purposefulness - is a personality trait, which is characterized by a conscious, consistent, long-term, stable focus on the conditioned result, called the goal. Purposefulness in psychology is the ability of a person to formulate a task with certain characteristics, plan activities, perform actions according to the needs of the goal, overcoming resistance, internal and external. Purposeful person is the one who has developed purposefulness, respectively, he is able to consciously plan activities and consistently carry it out to achieve the goal.

What is purposefulness?

Purposefulness is a positive, individually and socially encouraged quality. It is indicated in the vacancies, they wish to birthday people, they consider it a valuable compliment. Despite the acquisition of this characteristic, the number of people is quite small, that they can readily define themselves as a purposeful person and even fewer can support the statement with real behavior.

Purposefulness is an integrative concept in psychology. The main areas of psychological essence in it are emotions and will, but it also concerns perception, intellect, character. This is not about restrictions, but about the ways of development of a given quality and the scale of its influence on a person. There are no objective limitations in the development of single-mindedness, there are no “innate non-goal-oriented” people, as there are no those who got this quality as a genetic lottery.

A person's purposefulness is not an innate trait, therefore the absence of examples in the generations does not matter, and there is no age, gender or cultural constraint in its development. This is an acquired trait that is generated by sequential actions. The denial of this trait in itself is a betrayal of its essence, since there are no objective arguments in favor of the impossibility of developing this quality in a rational person. Everyone has an experience of dedication and naturalness of its manifestation. When a child learns to speak, forming a new word and then persistently repeating it - he is an example of dedication. Speech formation is a very complicated process that requires a lot of resources. It takes a lot of effort to learn correct speech, it is not so automatic that it develops by itself, which is confirmed by healthy physically children with problematic speech due to poor fitness.

Personality dedication is a skill that absolutely any individual can possess and, refusing to have the right to develop it, he deprives himself of the source of the realization of his dreams. Even with a large innate talent for its implementation required to pass the stage of persistent efforts.

Defining purposefulness is associated with perseverance, perseverance, motivation, clarity of perception, and willpower.

Purpose and purposefulness

Purposefulness is the quality prescribed by the results of its implementation, and not allowed. You can not be potentially, conditionally, passively purposeful. Only by achieving the goals that have been set can an individual ascribe this characteristic to himself. Similarly, if a person has achieved a certain goal, there was a certain period of purposefulness, then he stopped the necessary actions, choosing passive behavior, purposefulness will weaken and after a while will not be a feature that can be claimed. Without external manifestation, sense of purpose does not function.

Purposefulness is in psychology one of the key concepts relating to the emotional-volitional sphere. Examples of dedication is also the history of the realization of its nature. Purposefulness is a psychological tool, universal, because it is applicable to any line, dream, goal, or desire. Developing purposefulness, a person acquires more and more forces and abilities to influence the increasingly large-scale and deep layers of his life.

Purpose and dedication are inseparable. If the goal is unattractive, does not inspire even at the stage of dreams, then it will be possible to ignite from it and direct the forces only by hard-willed effort and for a short while. If the goal is urgently needed, but does not have a response in the soul, you should consciously introduce into it an emotional background. After all, if she is so needed, it means that she has what she dreams of. Those. it can be included in the structure of a larger, more attractive goal by making a sub-clause. The pleasure of achieving a large-scale goal is always a bit otstrocheno, remembering this, you can feel the meaning of the word "anticipation."

In English, one of the spellings of the word commitment is the phrase "sense of purpose", literally - "the meaning of the goal." And from this it is worth starting for yourself - why and why to spend resources to achieve the goal. For example, it may be too lazy to do minimal exercises or to go to the gym simply “for health”, but the presentation of your sports body on the beach, wearing beautiful clothes for a celebration or running a marathon will spur motivation. Accordingly, the first step would be to imagine an end goal at least approximately. Over time, it can change, go into the background, but now it should have a motivating meaning.

How to overcome laziness and develop a sense of purpose?

Often an obstacle to developing a sense of purpose is laziness. This is a conditional enemy within us, whom I would like to overcome and become assembled and purposeful.

Laziness can occur for a number of reasons, which may relate to both the plane of physical indisposition and internal contradictions with a purpose. To understand yourself, you need to analyze the purpose, its scope, scope, resource costs, including time.

Victor Frankl, the creator of the psychotherapeutic direction "logotherapy", said that for better motivation the goal should be a little more than achievable, being a little "beyond the horizon", always a little unattainable dream. Then there will be a good stable level of motivation and prevention of “disappointment in reaching”. The man who passed the horrors of the concentration camp, driven by his goals, knew what he was talking about.

How to overcome laziness and develop a sense of purpose? Sometimes laziness masks the fear of not justifying one's own hopes, when it seems that the goal bar is too high, but I honestly don’t want to admit to myself. To do this, the global goal should be divided into sub-goals and a guideline to take the one that does not cause such stress. Let the global remain a dream that allows for a certain inaccessibility at the moment. As the plan progresses, the plan will be revised, and the steps and achievements already completed will strengthen confidence in the possibility of realizing the dream. Or it will become a sub-goal for more.

Often an obstacle to achieving a goal is called lack of motivation, or rather, its decline as it is implemented or at the planning stage. Motivation is part of the emotional sphere, the “fuel” of the will. If you postpone implementation for a long time, doing long planning, the emotional energy is spent, and there is no reinforcement, the motivation decreases. At the implementation stage, motivation is reduced due to increased stress from the load.

In order to level this decrease, it is necessary to remind yourself of the results, as well as to plan intermediate stages with a certain, desired result, so that the pleasure from what was received reinforces the motivation. The best option is when such an exchange takes place constantly, for this to achieve the goal certain steps should be done daily. Therefore, at the initial stage of the formation of this quality, it is worth starting with the formation of a habit, when actions need to be daily and every day there is a positive reinforcement in the form of a “tick” for the performed action and pleasure from self-overcoming. Moreover, it is more effective to create a new, useful, and not to fight with the old, i.e. do not deprive yourself of anything that can stress and increase, but add something necessary. Gradually, it is necessary to complicate tasks, as the long-term performance of an overly easy task reduces pleasure, since it is no longer evaluated as an achievement. A certain satisfaction will remain the background, but to constantly maintain a tangible level, one must step over to the next step.

How to become a motivated person?

Purpose and dedication - the concept of emotional-volitional sphere. It is not by chance that emotions and will are considered together. In a sense, you can paraphrase that the goal is an object of emotions. Representing her, thinking about achievement and results, a person feeds herself with delayed emotions of pleasure and joy.

Purposefulness is the result of volitional efforts, well-coordinated and consistent behavior. Volitional effort is a behavior in which a person acts under self-pressure, and emotions help him withstand this pressure, remembering the result.

And to become a purposeful person, you need to integrate these concepts. Choose a goal that will be desirable, inspire and perform consistent volitional actions. At the initial stages, the goal must be chosen such, in the achievement of which there is practically no doubt and the actions necessary for realization are perceived as insignificant. But the pleasure of implementation should be quite subjectively significant. The goal should be environmentally friendly, have a positive one and should take personal resources into account as much as possible, and not be oriented towards others, i.e. maximum autonomous for the individual.

After completing this step, the target level will be raised, and the required actions will become more complicated. The factor of obtaining perceived satisfaction from the actions performed with a small level of development of the trait of dedication is of great importance, it will later be more automatic, remaining an active link in the interaction. Completing the previous assignment will give confidence in your strength to accomplish the following, the skill will be strengthened in your own eyes, as well as in the eyes of those around you will form an image of a purposeful person. A person may think that accomplishments are the lot of others or lose heart at some stages.

Examples of dedication in other people may inspire one’s own activity. Studying biographies and success stories, admiring the stubbornness and dedication of heroes, increases confidence in the capabilities of people. And looking at them, we wonder how to develop a sense of purpose in ourselves.

How to develop a sense of purpose?

As any feature, purposefulness is a habit of acting according to the intended purpose, it is a neural connection in the brain in the form of a "beaten track". With each subsequent “passage”, the execution of the necessary action, this happens with greater ease, less and less conscious willpower is required. A person with a good development of this skill no longer thinks about whether he will be able to sustain the intended plan, since past experience reinforces self-reliance.

From the side it seems that he wants to, and he achieves results with ease, sense of purpose is in his blood, but in reality it is the result of a well-developed skill, as an athlete is not difficult to run several kilometers, and not trained one kilometer seems insurmountable. Also, the pleasure gained by a person trained in purposefulness is better and more qualitative from the process and his emotional-volitional integration works smoothly and as much as possible regardless of external circumstances, independently adjusting and compensating the level of stress from volitional efforts.

Asking how to develop a sense of purpose in oneself, it is important to remember that human psychology is systemic and if you follow rules that seem unrelated to the will, you can indirectly influence the development of purposefulness.

Analyze what situations and words violate everyday calm. The more fussy and distracting a person is, the less resources there will be for the necessary spheres. It must be remembered that the emphasis is not on who distracts, but why distract ourselves. It is highly desirable to engage in any physical exercise, even if sport and appearance are not areas of interest. This helps to indirectly train the will, patience, and systemism every day, as well as reduce excessive emotional lability. This will strengthen the faith in one's own strength, since it will constantly remind you of the ability to overcome reluctance and laziness. Exercises can be considered the very first step in the development of dedication for any person.

Ponder the reasons for postponing the necessary steps and remind yourself that this is your wish. Perhaps the goal is not so interesting, does not have a response. But if it is not, then the obstacles are solved. It is important not to dwell on the brain gum self-digging, but to develop a conditioned reflex. If there is no doubt about the need for action, first make it, and then think why it would not be desirable if it would make sense.

The best option to encourage action should be the pleasure of achieving the goal. At the initial stages, you can formulate an abstract prize for perseverance, but when it is received, you associate it with the action performed, forming the connection of the necessary action with pleasure. Positive reinforcement in habit formation works more effectively than negative reinforcement when there is a punishment for noncompliance. A maximum of positive associations should be associated with the necessary activities, negative ones arise from unusual efforts, and an additional increase in their stress from punishment can completely deprive the motivation for the goal.

If the goals seem to be large-scale, and their forces are small, you should start with small goals or sub-goals. Let goal become endurance, dedication as a goal. This may seem petty and stupid, but when you reach the global goal itself, a sequence of small but systematic steps is required. There is also the phenomenon of "plateau", when some time efforts do not bring results or it is small. Most often, during this period, emotional inspiration is already reduced or exhausted, and only the habit of daily work does not stop. Here the desire of the goal, a reminder to yourself why it all began, what pleasures promise and what joy brings will also be essential. The larger the goal, the more complicated the process is in structure, but the principle is the same as in the formation of any household habit, for which purposefulness is also needed.