Disorientation is the impossibility to identify one’s own personality, the place of its physical residence, the period in which it is or its social affiliation. Personal disorientation often occurs due to damage to the structural elements of the brain. In addition, the deviation in question often originates due to excessive consumption of alcohol-containing liquids, the use of narcotic substances, or potent pharmacopoeial psychotropic drugs. In other words, disorientation is a disorder of consciousness. In the described state, it is difficult for the subject to quickly think, to perform actions, there are difficulties with defining oneself and orientation.
The violation described is a change in consciousness that does not allow an individual to think clearly and quickly, in addition, it causes a loss of the ability to recognize people or to distinguish places, to remember time and memorable dates. Disorientation often causes clouding of consciousness and the inability to make independent decisions.
The reasons provoking the deviation in question, there are many. For example, it can generate organic damage to brain structures or metabolic disruptions. In older people, senile dementia often causes loss of orientation and blurred consciousness.
In addition, there are diseases accompanied by disorientation.
The incoherence of consciousness can occur due to hypoxemia, observed with pulmonary ailments, with serious infectious processes, malnutrition, due to dehydration.
The incoherence of consciousness is also manifested as a result of the influence of a number of external circumstances, such as hypothermia or heat stroke.
One can select such diseases accompanied by disorientation as Alzheimer's disease, hydrocephalus, spastic psevdoskleroz, tumor formation in the brain and disorder of its blood supply, dementia, autism, hypoglycaemia, depression, steatosis, psychotic disorder organism, Angelman syndrome, portal hypertension, renal failure , anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, meningitis.
In addition to these ailments, excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs, and dehydration can also cause a sense of disorientation.
Social disorientation may occur as a result of a dramatic change in life. In children, the loss of social orientation is the norm, because the crumbs are not yet able to recognize the nature of their occupation, their own gender. They find it difficult to navigate among the new faces.
Only at the pubertal stage there comes a time of absolute social orientation.
Symptoms of disorientation in space
The following types of personality disorientation state are distinguished: radiation, spatial, professional and social disorientation.
Psychology offers the following classification of orientation disorder:
- autopsychic (which is a false recognition of oneself as a person, or an absolute loss of self-identification);
- allopsychic (loss of orientation in the environment);
- double (the patient simultaneously or alternately stays reality and imaginary reality);
- mixed or total disorientation.
The doctor can determine the state of disorientation only after the examination.
The common clinical signs include such manifestations as sudden changes in mood, dizziness, sleep disorder, impaired memory.
Disorientation in space is often observed along with the inability to be determined in time. In addition, the ailment in question may be accompanied by such manifestations as the inability of the subject to recognize himself as a person, name the month, current year, country of residence or place in which he lives, passport details.
Also, there is a sense of fear, anxiety, without obvious reason. Apathy can dramatically change the attack of aggression. Therefore, it should be borne in mind that the described state of the subject is often unsafe for both the one suffering from disorientation and those around him. That is why if any of the listed symptoms occurs, a person should be immediately transferred to a medical institution.
Social disorientation, as a rule, is not characterized by the presence of pronounced manifestations of mental disorder. However, the following specific symptoms may occur. For example, a subject cannot give his exact age. Also, he does not know his own social affiliation. In an unfamiliar environment, there is a feeling of anxiety.
If there is an IRR, spatial and temporal disorder of orientation may be accompanied by: dizziness, tinnitus, nausea, partial hearing loss, headaches, fluctuations in blood pressure. Such a state is a threat to the life of the individual. Self-treatment or ignoring the described symptoms can lead to serious consequences, and is also fraught with a lethal outcome, since pressure spikes can trigger a stroke or provoke a heart attack.
Disorientation in space is a frequent satellite of the twilight obscuring of consciousness. Characterized by a sharp appearance and the same sudden disappearance. The subject with the ability to reproduce mechanical action saves.