Psychological compatibility is the ability of people (two or a group) to be in long-term relationships where there are no complex conflicts of characters that require intervention from the outside to resolve conflicts or ensure effective interaction. Psychological compatibility can be distinguished not only as an individual personality quality, but also as a characteristic of the interaction process.
The factors of psychological compatibility do not have objective measurement criteria, it is not determined whether the level of compatibility is associated with characterological types. Also, this concept cannot be attributed confidently to a certain psychological sphere, since the presence or absence of compatibility is characteristic for the designation of relationships in a team (social psychology), in intimate interaction (family psychology), and also as an independent definition of one of personality traits (personality psychology).
Psychological compatibility of people is based on a combination of traits and manifestations of character and temperament, contributing to the possibility of prolonged communication and being in one territory to experience a minimum of tension and a maximum of positive emotions. But these innate qualities are not the only thing that determines the level of compatibility; such factors of psychological compatibility as community of goals and life values, social status and personal prejudice, habits or consequences of traumatic experience have to be taken into account. It affects the way you manage your own time, mental and material resources, the desire to comprehend the new, speed and responsibility in making decisions, biorhythms and level of sociability.
The mass of the moments that make up a person’s life can lead either to immediate hostility and complete misunderstanding, or to the feeling that you have known your whole life and can live the rest of it. The more factors match, the greater the level of compatibility can be said, but the importance here is the weight of the importance of each coincidence (it is easier to accept the fact that someone prefers green tea to black than to the difference of religions, especially if you are imposing passionately).
It is customary to talk about socio-psychological compatibility within the framework of interaction with people in the professional collective and society. Psychological compatibility of people in society is based on common goals (as social associations have a common goal), attitudes towards activities (as manifestations of social relations), moral and value attitudes (as reflecting factors of the internal structure of a social group), as well as personal characteristics of each individual individual. Taking into account the characteristics of each person, it is possible to contribute to the improvement of psychological compatibility in the team, and as a result, personal comfort, microclimate, and productivity results will increase. The microclimate developing in the social circle characterizes the general state and quality of the relationship of all participants, includes emotional-volitional, intellectual, cognitive and behavioral components, as well as having a gradation in the levels of awareness of the processes taking place.
Socio-psychological incompatibility can be caused by the difference in the social circle, as the main component affecting the personal development. So, people brought up in families of different levels of values and priorities, it will be quite difficult to find a common language. What is more, the availability of compatibility will be influenced not so much by the level of material support, as by the commonality of moral concepts. The age difference and the degree of scientific education are less important than the level of general culture and personality maturity. A person who knows the classics from quotations, travels every year to new places and a person who read only at school, when they were forced, not going out of their city, they are unlikely to understand the attitudes of each other and combine their lives without serious consequences, even if they have the same age and income level. This example and similar are valid for group interaction.
Social compatibility is the litmus test of a person’s involvement in a particular society. However, the faces set by the original environment can be extended, since internalized values and interaction mechanisms are not biologically fixed. A good example is people who travel a lot around the world, and not excursion tours, living in a hotel among their fellow tribesmen, and those who go to live the lives of those people and of the place where they have not been. Gradually, the rigidity of the devices goes limp, criticality goes away, and the inner world is filled with rich experience, which gives the opportunity to choose, based on what concepts, it is worth making the closest choice.
Psychological compatibility and responsiveness in the group
The ability of members of a small group to high-quality interaction, information transfer, the ability to find the optimal combination for applying the skills of each characterizes psychological compatibility in a team. The type of activity of the group is not important for the formation of decent cohesion, but each of the activities has its own specifics, due to which the features contributing to the establishment of the most favorable climate will be different.
Compatibility for a team does not mean equality or similarity between people and their skills; rather, the principle of complementarity of qualities and skills works here. A creative artist in a publishing house cannot cope without a technical layout designer, but they can catch up with the deadlines thanks to the punctual manager. These people have different orientations in their activities, abilities, and character, but it is their jointly adjusted interaction that gives the best result.
Considering a group as an aggregate of individuals does not make any sense; an approach is needed in which its activities are evaluated as a single living organism, with various organ systems. It is the psychological compatibility in the team that makes it possible to increase the efficiency and fulfillment of such tasks that would not have had a chance for implementation without joint interaction. Thus, the degree of psychological compatibility is a direct indicator of the group's responsiveness.
The workability of the team is determined by several points - the results of the activities, the satisfaction with this result of the participants themselves, as well as the effort expended and the emotional contribution of the group. The correct selection of people for teamwork, which is carried out on the analysis of their character and psychological characteristics (accentuation, temperament, strength of NS), social parameters (gender, age, education, value settings), as well as professional qualities, can influence the occurrence of good responsiveness. For example, a repair team should include specialists with different specializations (to cope with any task), be selected according to the same level of development (to ensure ease of communication and a friendly environment), be combined according to temperamental characteristics (so that someone could be responsible, and someone could react quickly), while it would be erroneous to allow one woman among other men to take part in such work (the risk of competing and, accordingly, disrupting the work process increases).
Psychological compatibility and performance can include indicators of both psycho-physiological and psychosocial suitability, depending on the activity performed. In some processes, the issue of having good coherence in both these areas is topical, most often this is work in closed-type systems (cosmodromes, factories, laboratories).
Types of psychological compatibility
Psychological compatibility has its own variations, depending on the categories that are dominant in ensuring a comfortable co-location for a certain type of interaction.
The basic level (innate indicators inherent in a human being) compatibility is psychophysiological. This category is based on the similarity in the mechanism of the emergence and residence of emotions (type, strength and excitability of the nervous system), the level of intellectual development (the ability to develop, the knowledge of the new). The elements of psycho-physiological compatibility include the mechanism of volitional manifestation, the ability to achieve and control emotional manifestations. So, people with approximately the same level of intelligence at the psychophysiological level will converge faster, just like people with similar manifestations of the emotional-volitional sphere. If there are serious differences, difficulties and misunderstandings will arise when one person has already responded and ran to act, while another is still analyzing the situation.
The ability to synchronize and the similarity of internal rhythms and tempos affect the coherence of work, for example, at a conveyor plant, where it is a priority to be able to synchronize their activities with other participants in the process. But it is also very important in building personal relationships, since biorhythms and cyclical activities are different for everyone, if it coincided initially, it means that people are compatible with tempo characteristics, but if they don’t match, the ability to synchronize comes to the rescue. The inability to achieve synchronicity of actions and life leads to conflicts (the phases of sleep and wakefulness do not coincide, when one wants rest, the other pulls into active pastime, etc.).
Psychophysiological compatibility in matrimonial life is extremely important, since it will affect not only rest processes (biorhythms), its quality (active and passive types), but also the home appliance (the need for a certain amount of food and light), as well as sex, one of the main stabilization of family relationships. At the same time, psycho-physiological compatibility can be almost zero among intellectual and creative employees. In a research institute, it does not matter how fast you carry out small-scale tasks, as well as the ability to do this together, here the ability to think analytically and to communicate with a large number of people comes to the fore.
The second type is socio-psychological compatibility, the presence and formation of which is directly determined by the development of social society. This includes the characteristics that are formed under the influence of the immediate environment, idols and the dominant ideologies, while having no relation to the innate characteristics of the individual. These include social attitudes regarding established procedures and the perception of moral norms, the attitude towards things or phenomena that is pledged on a subconscious level.
Socio-psychological compatibility is built on taking into account the values, needs, aspirations and interests of people, with the intrinsic motivation of activity having a dominant role, and not its manifestation. Both people may strive to earn a lot of money, but one to buy a second mansion, and the second to donate to an orphanage where he grew up, and these people are unlikely to find many common points of contact.
Socio-psychological compatibility is relevant in those activities where there is communication and interaction at the personal level. It has little effect on the performance of mechanical work or courier delivery, but has a tremendous effect on the microclimate when discussing common projects or in family life.
Psychological compatibility of spouses
To believe that having strong feelings, affection, love and intimate desire will lead to a happy marriage is a beautiful and common mistake. While it seems that this person is the best, and jumping hormones allows your psyche and inventiveness to create truly incredible things, it seems that you can put up with everything, get used to it and come to an agreement, only years later it turns out that it’s not like agreeing but speaking with this person there is nothing, and you go in different directions. This is due to lack of compatibility, and in some ways a cold calculation (not the one that is material, but an analysis of your psychological characteristics) can be more productive and bring more happiness than blind passion (matchmakers in ancient times knew something) .
The psychological compatibility of spouses is largely determined by how similar their educational conditions were. This is a pledged level of culture, development, and the desire to expand horizons, especially communicating with people, building relationships, and interacting with money. Stories where the princess runs off with a country boy are fabulous and in real life, he will start driving her to the garden at dawn on Sunday morning when she has no idea what to do there and she can read to him for memory the excerpts from the works of Sartre, where he will not understand a word.
The similarity of social status, education and parental families can provide a minimum level of coincidence. If there are the same ideas about the distribution of responsibilities in the family, gender-role expectations from each other, then compatibility in their gender manifestations will be adjusted, worse when both spouses believe that the second should run around.
Psychophysiological compatibility plays a significant role in family life, manifested by temperament features, the combination of which directly affects the number and depth of quarrels, the way of free pastime and the reaction to life events. This includes sexual compatibility, and not only by the presence of attraction, but by the frequency of need, the time that everyone wants to devote to intimate communication, the degree of openness and experimentation.
The highest level of marital compatibility is spiritual, including values, moral aspects, goals and interests. Marriages can exist if there are only a couple of components of compatibility, but then, after satisfying the understanding of other hungry needs, a person will move to another place. And if we discuss the peculiarities of a chemical reaction in the nucleus of a deep-water mollusk cell with biologists, then a different perspective on the problems of values can destroy a marriage when it turns out that the spouses have a fundamentally different attitude, for example, to murder.
The psychological compatibility of the spouses has no insignificant moments, since each can be painful or over-meaningful for the other, and the number of factors taken into account in this relationship is the highest. You can meet with friends every day, and you can chat once a year by phone, working relationships are limited to a certain time and range of tasks from which contact points are built, and marriage is a system where people are close to in almost any situation and constant time. There is not enough common interest in bikes.