Oratorical skill is a demanded skill of the modern person included in the society. The ability to speak beautifully is required not only to public figures, but to everyone who occasionally even speaks at work. The process of thinking, the quality of it is connected with speech, because the art of public speaking helps to make thoughts clearer, to manage your thinking. If we consider that any skill is born with the help of experience, then the skill of oratory would belong to every grandmother at the entrance. However, comfortable uncomplicated communication does not lead to high communication skills.

It is necessary to learn something in discomfort, abroad the usual and easy, where you are uncomfortable and even scary - at public speeches, large meetings, events. Only when there you begin to express your thoughts in a free form, broadcast to the public, improvising, will growth begin. If before the public you learned to speak with preparation, according to the scenario - in life you also need a structure for communication. Vocabulary, eloquence perfectly develops reading books, but only when you practice live communication, give a speech in public.

Oratory and the art of speech

How to learn oratory, if only the thought of the need to speak has already thrown you into the pot? You will need to overcome your fear of being active in contacts with people, and can help in this at many trainings today.

The art of elocution is easily given if there was an experience in sales, where people are trained to freely approach even people on the street, to make cold calls. Even at school today, children are maximally involved in social activities, because meetings, humor, stage performances - all this helps to overcome the primary fear, to begin to communicate more easily, and then improvise in public, which develops into a mastery of public speaking.

You must be an expert in something. Maybe you know how to cook, sew or knit perfectly, maybe you are good at cars or legal matters, you know how to choose clothes or a ticket for a good rest, you know in which countries. Take a short video lesson in front of the camera or on the phone, the purpose of which will be to educate others. For example, tell us what to do if the car broke down in the cold, or how to make a delicious dinner, how to choose a journey correctly. Watch your performance, then remove another similar video, but try to correct the errors found.

There are basic steps by which you can create a good performance by applying them to any format. These skills can be applied in speeches and at work, and in normal communication. Often they are interested in learning how to oratorical skills, namely business people, because, according to statistics, with good communication skills a person earns a third more, he can be the face of business and lead people, the company can delegate negotiations and important speeches to him.

Pay attention to your posture and gestures when talking and speaking. How do you stand most of the time, how do you move? Let the pose always be open, stand straight, without crossing your legs, and arms on your chest. Psychologically, this will give more confidence from the audience. Gestures are a continuation of words and add dynamism to them. Gesturing, trying to show something, you create an image for a person, a certain picture in your head, which helps to understand what you want to convey. However, do not overdo it with gestures - just do not constrain yourself, show when you want to add expressiveness to words.

The next element is your voice. No matter how well you stand, or gesticulate - if your voice is not set, then it may not be very pleasant to listen to you. There are special courses for the development of voice, and the voice is getting better with the increase in the number of speeches and practice. You learn to pause, develop your diction. To begin, ordinary reading out loud will help, when you can analyze yourself and even put a little voice and intonation. Try to speak calmly so that your voice is a little lower. However, do not specifically lower the voice, which looks unnatural. Just relax, then your chest and all the muscles responsible for breathing and voice will relax, it will become deeper. Your posture also influences, when your back is bent, your voice becomes squeezed, poor in emotions and intonation. Voice, you can also control the mood of the audience. A calm voice does not mean sleepy, let it be relaxed, but, when necessary, speak at a pace, accelerate, place accents.

Clearly define the purpose of the speech, what will it be like - just perform well, sound cool, so they will remember you, consider your speech the best? To please everyone, to be remembered, and the audience applauded - banal goals, which, besides being amused by someone's ego, do not give anything. The goal of the speech must be set so that the person after your speech goes and does what you need. Plan ahead for this action, then perhaps you will reconsider your entire performance and even change it.

Fundamentals of public speaking

Recall the experience of your past performances and analyze the errors peculiar to you. You can also recall the reports of other speakers and the mistakes that you remember. Write them down and disassemble them, and then compare them with the most common omissions described below.

The main speaker’s mistakes are the absence of even a short eye contact with listeners. There is an old piece of advice for beginners to look just above the public, far behind it. This makes it easier for those who are afraid, allows them to abstract and concentrate in order to gather. But this deprives the speaker of contact with the public, the very meaning of the speech is in doubt, it is difficult to achieve his goal - to reach everyone, to be heard, to lead. Speaking, look for a few seconds at each of the listeners - they will get the impression that you speak personally with each.

The second common mistake is when the speaker seems to be talking to himself, and the ottaratoril material came out and did not involve anyone, did not ask, did not enter into a dialogue with the public. You can ask questions, at least rhetorically or simple "how do you think," "who thinks that this is true." If people just sit and listen - it will be difficult for them to endure for more than 20 minutes. Involving the public will make the performance more successful at times, no longer you alone will speak, but the meeting will be made together with the audience. Trainers often use additional tasks that will enable everyone in the audience to be included, even if it is a large group. In sales training, for example, you can give everyone a piece of candy with the task of practicing right now by selling it to a neighbor. Such a technique or its elements allow activating all participants even in a very large audience, where it is impossible to reach personal contact with everyone. It is pleasant to people, it is remembered and makes it easier to learn, because he himself participated.

The third mistake is the dry presentation of the material, when the speaker begins to philosophize, to build complex schemes and conclusions. From the listeners, this requires, if not special knowledge, then simply even a lot of energy in order to concentrate, strain the brain and try to understand what you are expressing. Simplicity is a sign of genius. The best speakers of the world build their speech in such a way that everyone understands that all listeners are involved. Whereas, if an ordinary, even an authoritative person, comes out, his performance does not receive such a success.

What techniques do successful speakers use here? Instead of dry facts, tell stories, engage images, resort to the imagination of the listeners. Some may feel that the stories are not relevant for highly specialized speeches. However, even if you speak about accounting, you can involve the listeners with a story about the company that received the tax audit, raising adrenaline from the audience and supplying the story with anecdotes. The follow-up material will be perceived more easily by the audience, having received such a small shake-up, emotional charge, and they will be grateful. Use stories to touch the hearts of your listeners.

The next mistake is not to move and hide your hands while speaking. Use your hands, because when you are gesticulating, you yourself understand the subject better, your thoughts are better shaped, and the listeners perceive the material more easily. Gesturing, hands better to keep at your chest. Do not be a statue, move as far as possible, even if space is limited. And if the place allows, walk along the stage, enter the hall, approach the audience.

The material is more interesting and much better absorbed when there are pictures in the performance. Show slides, draw, use additional materials - in every possible way avoid the effect as if speaking head. The listeners' brain requires visual images, the visual channel is dominant for some people, so by hearing all the information they will perceive is not interesting and difficult. Do not read from the sheet, especially in accuracy. Even if the material is unique and bright - the listeners will form a feeling that you yourself do not understand it, do not let it through you, therefore the audience will only have to wait as soon as possible for the end of your reading. Exceptions include quotations or fragments of documents that must be read in accuracy. However, when it takes more than 2-3 minutes - the audience begins to be unbearably bored. If you have to read a document with a duration of 10 minutes - take breaks, interrupt it. After reading the part - explain, repeat in your own words, ask questions to the audience, diversify your text. Also an exception is your abstract speech plan, which you use only by looking at the outline, so as not to miss anything.

To speak at all without the help of an outline, without prompts is also a mistake. Imagine that at an important speech you were distracted and forgot what you should talk about further, lost the thought. It often happens when you asked a question from the audience, another listener picked it up, you started answering and left the topic. It is already time to move on, and you forgot what to say there. There is an awkward moment that can destroy a speech, therefore keep at least before the eyes a cheat sheet with the main stages and theses.

Be sure to prepare for the performance. Even when you are able to improvise, and the performance will be simply enchanting, but inform the public before this that you did not prepare, you don’t know exactly how the process will go - you will immediately lose some authority from the public, create with them, in essence, The material will not be valuable and useful, and the speaker is an optional person. Always show the audience that you are ready, that you have tried very hard, have worked a lot with the material, then they will readily accept it, they will give a high rating.

Create a pre-structured presentation and follow it. Be sure that students need to prepare, create the desired emotional background. The ending should give a logical conclusion to your speech, to be a kind of relaxation for the audience. Avoid abrupt interruption, which creates a feeling of chopped off. Proper, pleasant aftertaste will allow listeners to recall the material with pleasure and enhance the performance effect.

Each performance must have a purpose, carry a certain meaning and contain the call of the audience to action. In the overwhelming majority of public speeches, be it an educational speech, an introductory, selling speech, even a simple toast or anecdote - the purpose of the speech is action. If after a toast everyone should have a drink, and after a joke, they laugh, then after the selling presentation they should come and buy, after the training performance they should start to do something, apply the technique. For example, when you talk about healthy eating, call on listeners to drink a glass of water tomorrow morning, and right now get a phone, set yourself a reminder. If your performance ends just like that, without any calls to act - they will simply be forgotten soon, and you will not achieve any changes from people.

How to master the oratorical skill?

Mastering your speech, developing your skills in expressing thoughts in public is important in a number of life situations, whether you are preparing for an exam, speaking at work or creating your own training. How to make your speech so that the audience listened attentively and appreciated the material and you as a speaker, and also wanted to listen to you again? What are the important nuances associated with the development of speaker skills?

Use the "skeleton and meat" technique - create a certain corset, a performance plan, throw on it your text in more detail. Place the created plan in a conspicuous place to easily remember the main points that you stick to. You will mentally scroll the speech and constantly work it out every time you see your notes. You can even use stickers, on each write a separate paragraph of the speech. Hang them in different places, it will help to even better remember, demarcate points, and also add creativity to the process of reflection.

Having prepared your work, think over a part of the show, include in your presentation ways to use as many channels of perception as possible: visual, auditory, even olfactory and tactile. Create a bright picture, think about the right light, music, smell. The best smells - freshly brewed coffee, baking - will help create and enable the right anchor for those who have come. Influence the inner structure of your listener's child - let there be a light treat and small gifts for everyone, a pen, a postcard, even an interesting handout. When you have properly furnished everything - coming to your lecture, the person will immediately feel the location, joy, comfort. The show for him will begin before the start, waiting, no one will be bored.

Rehearse speech at home, and then at the place of performance, when such an opportunity exists. Record the speech on the phone, track errors, it may be pauses and word parasites, eye abduction, closed poses, twitching, redness, improper clothing. Work out the speech, choose the correct intonation. In order to maintain exceptional attention and tension of the viewer, your speech must be as if wavy - learn to silence and say louder.

For the correct perception of your audience, pay attention to appearance and image. Very often, students look at the speaker, add the impression of him in appearance. Your image is a great opportunity to tell the viewer what your report is about.

Work on your emotional state long before and immediately before the performance. Starting to speak, stop following yourself from the side. Focus on the words, the right wave, in the flow. Speaking, live it again, it characterizes the most striking performances. Encourage yourself once again to live every word sincerely, then it will be interesting. Analyze your motives for performance. If you find that a part of you says that speaking is useful, you need a career, and the second argues, highlighting laziness and fear - work out both. First, give way to fears, doubts, accept them completely and disassemble. Then focus on the benefits of the performance and the benefits you will receive.

Keep the listeners at a constant median tension, without bothering or lowering it. When you feel that the hall has started to fall asleep - you can drop the notebook with a loud sound, turn on the music, or go with a flying gait to the audience. Be sure to find a person in the hall that will interfere - give him attention, because he needs it. For example, invite to the stage, asking the audience to support with applause, ask a question. Having received the necessary dose of attention, he will calm down.

If listeners ask some uncomfortable questions - do what you see fit, even a joke, a refusal to answer or the truth that you simply do not know the answer. The main thing is how you will do it. When there are a lot of questions - just transfer them to the end of the speech or ask them to write on the sheets and pass. Lost text or lost thought? Do not extinguish, but simply repeat the previous or first paragraph in other words. Get energy from the views of the listeners. When you can not reach everyone personally, find the eyes that are pleasant to you in different parts of the hall and glance through them.