Spontaneity is a concept that in psychology means the ability to act not under the influence of the external framework, but in accordance with the internal content, state of a person. Psychological spontaneity is essentially a very ancient subject of study of spiritual practices, in which it is close to the concept of non-action. The spiritualists striving for enlightenment practiced this state, when, actively living, performing ordinary actions, they tried to feel life in its fullness, which it is without distortion through the framework of the mind. They sought to correlate all their thoughts, feelings, actions with the general world order, the state of flow.
In Christianity, the phenomenon of spontaneity is also present and revealed in the saying of Christ "not my will, but Yours be", which means bringing one's own will and desires into line with a certain world will.
When such a merging with the general flow takes place, a person attains with his mind, the individual soul of the mind and the souls of the world: “Everything is Brahman, and Brahman is Atman”. A person who is not spontaneous does not feel his affiliation, unity, flow. When he lets himself go and merge happens, he enters into non-action.
He is not like a mummy, becoming neither alive nor dead, does not cease to act, have desires, needs. He continues to be in the fullness of life, but this coincides with the world harmony. The state of his mind is not clouded by false desires, attitudes that cause inertia of perception, do not allow to be in the fullness of reality here and now. In the spiritual practices this consciousness is compared with crystal, it is unshakable and inviolable, and does not worry about vanity.
So a person subordinates his will, not forcing himself, without strict prohibitions and restrictions of his desires, because if you block the behavior, desires would still play out in the mind, in the language of psychology, for example, they would be repressed into the subconscious by the action of psychological defenses.
Spontaneity in psychology
Spontaneity is a developed skill of a person to respond most effectively in a situation of high degree of uncertainty, when a person may not have the opportunity to prepare in advance a model of behavior, to act templately.
Spontaneity allows you to exercise role flexibility, use a large repertoire of roles. In everyday life, we get used to several roles of a son, mother, father, head of a company, a student, a saleswoman, in fact, this resource of roles could be much wider, not used by us in its entirety. Developed spontaneity allows you to more effectively interact within complex communications, such as are found, for example, in the management environment.
Spontaneity is also required in relationships, both at the stage of partner's interest and for keeping in long-term relationships, which allows "to keep without holding".
The result of the development of spontaneity is suddenly the beginning of advancement along a career path, when a person begins to listen to others, to perceive him with the seriousness which the spontaneous person himself has chosen. Mastering a maximum of roles through spontaneity, we become more convincing, because we can create the necessary role and live it, play in full.
The ability to act spontaneously and outside the box in a narrow area that requires deepening, special knowledge, comes to many only after a time when they can move away from the system. The stereotype calms, it seems that long-term preparation or correctness, loyalty to the instructions will save from miscalculations and lead to results. A person is inclined to save power by resorting to settings, but they lead to mistakes, only the situation has changed. Since the world is dynamic in all areas, the ability to be spontaneous is accompanied by high efficiency. The peak of life, self-actualization is creativity, and it is spontaneous in nature. The most powerful effect comes precisely in spontaneous action, creative coherence with the environment. However, spontaneity is not the ideal of unlimited freedom.
Spontaneity does not mean that any desire must necessarily be satisfied, because then the person should relieve the need immediately, only by feeling the need. Criticism of spontaneity concerns and excessive immersion in childishness, regressive relinquishment of responsibility, the false notion that there is no need to make systematic efforts to achieve what you want or to think and soberly evaluate yourself.
Nothing excessive is harmonious, and freedom must also be in balance with certain limitations. The only difference is that a truly spontaneous person can voluntarily go into frames if necessary and just as easily get out of them, if they become obsolete, they do not correspond to reality. Freedom implies responsibility as willingness to meet the consequences of one’s decisions and behavior. Freedom without responsibility is the path to shamelessness and infantilism.
Spontaneity of behavior
At first it may seem that the clarity of the organization, the planning of actions have a great meaning. However, over time, stereotypes about correctness, the routine of life often fail, causing stress, exhaustion, a sense of meaninglessness and neurosis. Can you call a friend and go somewhere today just because you want to, without thinking about things that you need to do? Do you buy for no reason gifts, even yourself, let them be small, just to please? Were friends hugged for no reason without saying a word? Have you tried a new one, without condemning yourself in advance to a negative result, convincing yourself that it will not work? Were you engaged in creative work simply because of an accidentally flashed thought?
How often can you afford spontaneity? We often love to control our own lives and those of our loved ones; we are used to controlling our thoughts and actions; therefore, we are often stuck. There may be some kind of impulse, but it was once devalued or forbidden within you. For example, when a child tries to make inappropriate etiquette or ideas of parents - he gets his hands, his hands more and more clamped and shackled, and with it movements and thoughts.
In each, there is an inner child hidden, essentially a creator who seeks to express himself. There is no need to suddenly become a child, regress and always be just a child - no, spontaneity is a sign of only naturalness, open up a child’s confidence in the world that will help you accept situations that you cannot control. You should not control them or fight, but only accept, surrender even to chance.
Spontaneity is a sign of a creative person, with the development of spontaneity in you, creativity for life erupts. You haven’t drawn for a long time, you haven’t danced, you haven’t received fresh ideas for a long time? Be engaged in the development of spontaneity, which can give you amazing, almost magical results. Spontaneity is needed and when you need to just stop and then start moving again without constraint.
Especially the development of spontaneity is required for people who are accustomed to think, control, decide everything, avoiding new ways and everything new. They often want to try a new way of action, to get more freedom, and, moreover, they have a big fear of getting out of the box.
The following technique is effective for the development of spontaneity. Stand comfortably, eyes closed, relax and take a deep breath, concentrate in your breathing. Imagine breathing rising from the toes to the chest, with each exhalation it drops again, returning then to your hands. Further, when you inhale, feel how it rises higher to your neck. On the next inhale - to the nose, and then to the crown. Breathe fully, as if inhaling, through the whole body. Let out on the exhale, along with the breath, all the rubbish will go away - all the problems, unnecessary thoughts that limit you. Such relaxation will help you to relieve excess tension so that nothing will disturb you.
Now try to breathe very differently, sometimes it is hard and irregular breathing, then deep and heavy. Look at your hand, imagining that this is a separate character, which lives its own life, came to tell you something. Allow yourself, as if to separate your hand, letting the hand move as it wants, because the body does have its own stories, its content, which we pinch. Watch her actions, what happens to your hand. Perhaps the hand has its own name, she wants to meet, do something, touch objects.
Watch your emotions here. Maybe it will cause irritation, depreciation - it is normal if you got used to control everything. Maybe you, on the contrary, are interested, you are delighted inside.
Now wake up your other hand like another character. Let her move as she wants. Observe what its movements are similar to, perhaps it will be some metaphors, associations. Do not control her, let her be free.
Next, connect the first hand, let them move together, but try not to synchronize them. Then plug in the movement of the body, head, legs. Work with your right, left legs separately, as with your hands. Let it manifest itself to what is happening to you now. You will have an unprepared, spontaneous movement. The usual movements are possible - but let the new happen, try to release the whole body, change the speed, the direction. Try this new rhythm, a movement revealing you, an inner child who rejoices in novelty, freedom.
Pay attention to the feeling that you feel. Try drawing it now. Maybe it will be just a blast, a scribble — it means that you let yourself go. Then open the spontaneity of speech, giving yourself the opportunity to pronounce any sounds and words. The spontaneity of speech will allow you to say that you danced and painted. Explore what this spontaneity is for you? Use elements of this technique in life, for example, by preparing a new dish not according to the recipe, add new ingredients, create.
This technique is perfectly applicable with children or in creative groups. Even artists often complain about the downtrodden framework, the lack of creativity. If you work in a rigid structure, allow yourself new sensations, even through such a game, it manifests itself best through the body. The result will not be a loss of control, but an increase in the confidence in life, an increasing spontaneity of the individual. How much of our effort, effort, is spent on fighting windmills, when we can, on the contrary, save ourselves, our energy, using even a problem or an opponent in a positive way, as a resource that was previously hidden from the "blinkered" look. The spontaneity of the personality here is reminiscent of a storm that will bring you to the right place, you do not need to deal with it.