Psychology and Psychiatry

Self criticism

Self-criticism is the ability inherent in a mentally mature and developed personality, consisting in the reflexive perception of one’s own life and personality, the independent search for mistakes made, both in the behavioral and in the mental sphere. Self-criticism is a sign of mental health when it is expressed within reasonable limits and relevant to current events, but its excessive manifestations indicate, on the contrary, the presence of mental disorders and are symptoms of psycho-neurological disorders.

Self-criticism is not synonymous with samoedstvo, self-abasement and other options that are destructive for self-esteem and based on feelings of guilt and shame. Self-criticism is a more or less objective point of view on oneself, where both advantages and disadvantages are present and equally evaluated, which can be compared with an outside view.

Judgments of self-criticism are based on the inner convictions of a person, determined by his values ​​and goals, and only such a correlation of oneself with one's preferences is related to the concept of self-criticism. Any comparisons and remarks about one’s own inconsistency with someone else’s value system indicate a dependent position of an individual, inadequate self-assessment. Inadequate self-esteem (overpriced) is evidenced by the lack of self-criticism, which can be justified by a low level of personal development or impairments in the psycho-emotional sphere (in the manic stage of psychosis, inadequacy of self-perception, as well as lack of self-criticism are characteristic).

In a different context and method of application of this ability, tremendous positive results and mental consequences are possible, because, like any quality, especially inherent in a highly developed personality, self-criticism is only a tool (and the outcome depends on a person) and litmus control (adequacy and degree of development).

Self-criticism is good or bad

Facing this concept and its neutral initial coloring, it is difficult to unequivocally identify self-criticism as negative manifestations or, on the contrary, is a feature that should be worked on. Life confronts those who constantly criticize themselves, at the slightest mistake, begins to complain and blame themselves for everything, humiliating their qualities and devaluing their personality - such people cause sympathy only the first time, and then the desire to remove this person from their social circle is incredibly growing. At the same time, the one who himself notices his mistake, recognizes it, perhaps even abusing himself in this place, but seeks to correct, knowing and noticing his positive strengths, commands respect, such people want to imitate, they conquer with their inner courage and force in recognizing one's own non-ideality

The benefits of a self-critical attitude are expressed in the possibility of increasing one’s own efficiency (discarding ineffective strategies), additional motivation (to correcting deficiencies and filling gaps), the ability to carefully analyze the task (taking into account the positive and negative aspects, managing to foresee the risks). As for the areas of interaction, self-critical people are more pleasant to communicate, due to an adequate assessment of themselves, and therefore respectful attitude to others. The ability to objectively assess oneself helps to build more long-term relationships, it gives the opportunity to hear the point of view of another and make compromises in the event of a clash of opinions. The very fact that everyone is far from unwritten standards creates a calm acceptance of the shortcomings of others, which in turn allows people to breathe freely beside themselves and be themselves, not trying to comply with the norms.

Self-criticism is a mechanism to notice its shortcomings and, accordingly, makes it possible to correct them. Even if it is not about serious problems, the self-assessment and assessment of one’s abilities close to reality allows one to notice the current ways and areas of self-development and improvement not only of one’s own personality, physical embodiment, but also the quality of life and the contribution to the surrounding reality.

At the same time, psychological science does not encourage self-criticism, as a stand-alone quality, since such behavior brings discord into inner harmony. Ideally, a person accepts himself, rejoices at the progress achieved, and he misses, draws conclusions and corrects as far as possible. Those. It is in the form of an objective observation of one’s own negative qualities of self-criticism that will be useful, but with diligent attention to shortcomings or with prolonged censure of self, it is already self-flagellation.

Disadvantages of self-criticism begin to manifest with an increase in its level, despite the fact that self-criticism is a sign of a harmonious and developed personality, maximized, it turns into self-flagellation, samoedy, which have a destructive and degrading effect on the personality. Among the consequences of excessive self-criticism are: reduced self-esteem (and subsequent destruction of the personality), uncertainty, apathy, loss of significant social contacts (in large doses, self-criticism repels others), inability to make choices and decisions, development of a pathological sense of wine and toxic shame.

The first manifestations can be corrected by changing your behavior and focusing on achievements. You can ask your friends for help and surround yourself with positive and creative people - the mood spreads like a virus, and the habit of praising yourself is picked up from others as easily as special words and frazochka. But if the situation has been brought to the point of absurdity and the person’s personality is already in the process of destruction, then qualified psychotherapeutic help is needed to restore an adequate level of self-esteem, eliminate the effects of guilt and shame toxins, develop new models of independent functioning.

Criticism and self-criticism

Despite the fact that the words of criticism and self-criticism are perceived by many obviously negative, there is nothing like this in these concepts. Any criticism is aimed at analyzing and evaluating human activity, and has as its goal the identification of errors, contradictions, assessment of authenticity and reliability. The criticism itself and its manifestations can take the form of fair (when there are real and fair errors, discrepancies or unreliability) and unfair (when it is accusatory, not true, it is associated more with emotions than actual flaws) criticism.

Critical thinking is aimed at analysis (of a situation, process, person, action), without the intervention of personal preferences, personal tendencies and the desire to see a certain result. Speaking about the critical perception of the world, it implies the ability to adequately look, without rose-colored glasses and the desire to see what you want. This is an ability that has been developed over the years and life experience, which makes it possible to abstract and look at the situation from the side, noticing both positive and negative sides. If, when evaluating your work, someone gives only a negative opinion, devaluing success, then this is either unfair criticism, the purpose of which is to damage your self-esteem, or a biased assessment of the situation.

All were subjected to critical statements, both types of this concept. You can take criticism as an insult, reacting with aggression or resentment, going in protest or confrontation, and you can go to cooperate and derive benefit from the comments, thanks to the person for pointing out the overlooked flaws and seeking self-improvement and correction.

Self-criticism works according to the same laws as criticism, with the only difference being that a person criticizes himself, which in some way makes it difficult to have an objective attitude. Self-criticism is a feature of a highly developed personality, on a simple basis, that a person who is not guided by the rules of society, who considers his actions and reasoning to be the only true ones, lacks at least some capacity for objective reasoning and impartiality.

The qualities of criticism and self-criticism are equally significant, that at the level of the individual, that of the whole society. In the particular case, they help to improve, adapt in society, achieve more, and in general, these mechanisms for analyzing and searching for imperfections contribute to the development and successful existence of the species. The ability to revise the old models of building your life, in particular, and models of public institutions, give opportunities for change, a push for new ideas about the world. These are perpetual motion machines (external and internal), contributing to the development of self-awareness and self-presentation.

But just as excessive self-criticism eats up the personality from within, criticism obtained from the outside world can even more quickly destroy all the aspirations and self-understanding of the individual, being a serious mechanism of influence that makes a person doubt his own abilities, abilities, desires (especially cruel and constant criticism people to madness and suicide).