Self-criticism is the ability inherent in a mentally mature and developed personality, consisting in the reflexive perception of one’s own life and personality, the independent search for mistakes made, both in the behavioral and in the mental sphere. Self-criticism is a sign of mental health when it is expressed within reasonable limits and relevant to current events, but its excessive manifestations indicate, on the contrary, the presence of mental disorders and are symptoms of psycho-neurological disorders.
Self-criticism is not synonymous with samoedstvo, self-abasement and other options that are destructive for self-esteem and based on feelings of guilt and shame. Self-criticism is a more or less objective point of view on oneself, where both advantages and disadvantages are present and equally evaluated, which can be compared with an outside view.
Judgments of self-criticism are based on the inner convictions of a person, determined by his values and goals, and only such a correlation of oneself with one's preferences is related to the concept of self-criticism. Any comparisons and remarks about one’s own inconsistency with someone else’s value system indicate a dependent position of an individual, inadequate self-assessment. Inadequate self-esteem (overpriced) is evidenced by the lack of self-criticism, which can be justified by a low level of personal development or impairments in the psycho-emotional sphere (in the manic stage of psychosis, inadequacy of self-perception, as well as lack of self-criticism are characteristic).
In a different context and method of application of this ability, tremendous positive results and mental consequences are possible, because, like any quality, especially inherent in a highly developed personality, self-criticism is only a tool (and the outcome depends on a person) and litmus control (adequacy and degree of development).