What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? The activity of the first is aimed at supporting a healthy subject. The activities of the psychiatrist are focused on the therapeutic effects and, above all, pharmacopoeial drugs. Human health is not solely physical. In addition to physical pain, people experience internal torments that often cause more serious damage than bodily symptoms. A psychologist or a psychiatrist can get rid of mental agony. The psychologist has no "paper" about the availability of medical education. He is not a doctor, as a result of which he should not engage in therapeutic practice. A psychiatrist is, in the first turn, a doctor whose task is to correct the effect of an illness with the help of pharmacopoeial medications, psychological techniques, psychotherapeutic techniques, and physiotherapeutic procedures.
How does a psychologist differ from a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist?
Today, as practice has demonstrated, the majority of human individuals do not know what the difference is between the activity of a psychologist, psychiatric help or psychotherapeutic influence. In reality, their similarity lies in the general root of the "psycho", implying the human soul, and also indicating the connection of the professions in question with the functioning of the brain and the human psyche, and the difference lies in the specifics of the activity and the range of tasks.
Psychiatry is the branch that treats the soul of individuals, the treatment of mental illnesses.
Psychology is the science that studies the human soul.
Psychotherapy is a mental effect focused on healing a person.
The fundamental difference between the above three professions is the lack of medical education in a psychologist. In other words, a psychotherapist, a psychiatrist are healers, and a psychologist is not a doctor. Therefore, he has no right to diagnose illnesses, prescribe medical procedures and pharmacopoeial drugs. Since the lack of knowledge of the fundamentals of medicine does not allow us to reveal the true nature of the illness and determine the severity of the ailment that struck the psyche of the subject.
Thus, the psychologist is a specialist with a liberal arts degree in psychology and engaged in studying the human psyche. Most often, the activity of a psychologist does not concern illnesses. It is mainly used in recruitment, marketing, pedagogy, personnel management. Separately, they identify a specific area of psychological science - defectology (the science of the characteristics of the formation of children with physical disabilities or mental defects, the laws of the educational process, their education).
A psychologist can practice psychodiagnostics, engage in psychocorrection, vocational guidance, counseling, research, development of cognitive abilities, communication and other skills, and prevention of negative consequences of the work process and training activities.
The psychologist can also engage in many other areas of activity, striving to support relatively healthy individuals in emotional formation, intellectual development, and mastering various life skills.
A psychiatrist is a doctor who has mastered the medical profession and has mastered the specialization in the field of psychiatry. These specialists often work with severe mental illnesses, where pharmacopoeial drugs and concepts that treat the disorder at the level of chemical processes in the nervous system are effective. Such traditional therapeutic methods are effective for severe ailments of the psyche, but practically ineffectual in the treatment of psychosocial abnormalities or those caused by mental trauma. These violations can not be explained by the violation of biochemical processes. Therefore, these mental illnesses require the use of psychological techniques and especially psychotherapeutic methods. It should be emphasized here that even in cases where psychopharmacology and psychiatry achieve a significant shift in the treatment of psychosocial ailments or those caused by trauma, the guarantee of effective therapy and full recovery is impossible without social assistance and psychotherapeutic correction.
A psychotherapist is a specialist who has passed a specialization in psychotherapy after a basic medical or psychological education. The main mechanism of psychotherapy is the conversation, which is very different from the usual dialogue. The psychotherapist mainly helps clients solve personal, emotional or social problems of mild or moderate severity. More serious illnesses require the intervention of a psychiatrist. The activity of the psychotherapist is connected with clients, and the psychiatrist with patients.
In addition, the psychotherapist must pass a set number of hours of personal psychotherapy. For professional practice, this specialist should regularly improve their own qualifications.
How does a clinical psychologist differ from a psychiatrist?
Medical psychology or clinical psychology is a branch of psychology bordering on psychiatry, but having clear differences with the latter. This kind of psychology considers the phenomena of the psyche in their relationship with ailments. The scope of this branch includes the diagnosis of mental health, conducting research explaining psycho-physiological problems, developing, implementing and evaluating psychological correction.
The activity of the psychologist of this specialization is focused on increasing resources and is focused on increasing the adaptation potential of individuals, harmonizing their mental maturation, health protection, overcoming illnesses, preventive and rehabilitative measures.
The following tools of clinical psychology can be distinguished: observation, family psychotherapy, conversation, counseling, emotional-psychotherapy, individual therapy, gestalt therapy, various types of support for individuals experiencing psychological problems caused by bodily health disorders.
Consequently, the considered field of science is a broad activity, interdisciplinary. She studies the specifics of mental functioning in subjects suffering from various illnesses. That is, the industry analyzes mental disorders, mental aspects of somatic ailments, and includes the study of conditions for the generation of deviations (etiology), psychotherapeutic methods, diagnostics, epidemiology, prevention, rehabilitation and evaluation of results. Scientific workers give various definitions to the considered direction of psychology. At the same time, their opinions are similar, that clinical psychology covers the area bordering on psychological science and medicine. In other words, the branch in question is studying the problems of medicine from the position of psychology.
The described direction helps individuals overcome painful medical procedures, cope with the loss of previous abilities, fear of death, resentment of their own lives, depression due to serious illness, depression, anxiety.
A clinical psychologist practices psychocorrectional effects, provides psychotherapeutic support in conditions generated by various psychosomatic illnesses and pathopsychological disabilities, help with borderline and neurosis-like states, drug addiction, alcohol and other addictions.
The activity of the psychiatrist, mainly, is aimed at the detection, prevention and healing of mental illnesses. Psychiatry studies the burden of the patient's psyche pathology.
Medical psychology studies the proximity to the normal state of individuals. Psychiatry, for the most part, aims to cure already ill individuals. The recovered subject is of much less interest for this branch of medicine than the sick subject. The relapse of the disease returns the person to the spectrum of "interests" of the psychiatrist. The field of activity of this specialist covers the treatment of mental disorders of varying severity, prescribes serious pharmacopoeial drugs that have a clear therapeutic effect and are available only on prescription.
What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychoanalyst?
Human souls also need a healer. When a trauma or other psychosocial problem occurs, the help of a soul healer is required. This is where the question arises: what kind of specialist should be referred to. And the simple man in the street does not understand the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychoanalyst. The psychologist for them is only a specialist, known for his school, who reduced them to tedious lessons by testing.
A psychologist is a specialist who has received a psychological education, general theoretical knowledge and partially practical ideas about the processes occurring in the psyche. His task is mainly to solve personal problems, interpersonal problems arising in relationships. These tasks can be solved in a team or individually. The psychologist helps in the presence of family conflicts, confrontation in the working environment, the inability of individuals to fully interact with society.
The psychoanalyst is designed to solve more serious problems of a personal nature, which are often mild forms of mental ailments: obsessive states, fears, the primary stages of schizophrenia. Its activity is mainly not connected with healing, but is aimed at supporting individuals in understanding their own personality.
Therefore, the psychologist is a graduate who has dedicated professional activities to the comprehension of the human psyche. The psychoanalyst, first of all, is a psychotherapist who has received specialization in the profile of psychoanalysis.
In professional activities, the psychologist can deal with a wide range of issues, concentrating in theoretical ases and practical events. Practical psychologists can advise, conduct trainings and testing. It is important that a psychologist, before his own professional activity, passes preliminary sessions of personal psychotherapy. This will help to better understand the basics of the specialty and get rid of personal problems, which in moments of practice can become an obstacle in the interaction with customers. For a practicing psychologist, the passage of a psychotherapeutic course is only a desirable procedure, whereas for a psychoanalyst, this procedure is obligatory.
In order to become a psychoanalyst specialists in addition to undergoing training in psychoanalysis, you must complete a training course in psychoanalysis with an experienced analyst. Psychoanalysis is a complex theory of comprehending the mental structure of individuals and tools for its recovery. Psychoanalysis today is far from the original concept proposed by Freud.
Since the psychologist is not a doctor, he cannot diagnose ailments. Its task is to advise healthy individuals with situational problems.
Psychoanalysts are specialists who have received a medical or psychological education, who have mastered the skills of psychoanalysis, have undergone a long course of study in psychoanalytic theory. Most often, the psychoanalyst works with the client in intensive mode (sessions are held at least 4 times a week). He deals with serious mental disorders and disorders, achieving a structural transformation of a person’s personality. The psychoanalyst never advises or practices with clients at home.
The profession of the psychoanalyst for the specialist himself is associated with a tremendous emotional risk, since he has to work with very strong customer anxieties.