Inadequacy is the mismatch of individual acts of mental activity or their combination to external circumstances. For example, emotional discrepancy is characteristic of paranoia. In other words, an incomprehensible and abnormal manifestation of emotions as a response to an external pathogen, or a lack of response to the condition that aroused it. Often, the discrepancy between the behavioral response is observed in subjects suffering from a psycho-neurological pathology, dependence on the consumption of narcotic drugs and alcohol-containing liquids. In addition, inadequacy can be observed at the pubertal stage of maturity as a behavior departing from social boundaries. The inadequacy is more pronounced when it is impossible to adapt to the environment or difficult everyday situations.

Causes of inadequacy

In order to identify the factors that give rise to inadequate behavior, it is necessary to understand what the notion of “adequacy” implies. The definition of this term is rather vague, since often the boundary between abnormality and norm is erased. For example, a certain behavior pattern from one person to others seems organic and normal, but in another subject it causes condemnation and rejection. Excessive extravagance of the young person will be taken as a manifestation of individuality and style, a similar image in an elderly lady will cause ridicule and criticism. In other words, society will consider an elderly woman in an extravagant outfit, not suitable age period, inadequate.

Inadequacy of behavior, from the standpoint of psychological science, is a behavioral response that does not correspond to the surrounding reality, departing from the generally established regulatory postulates and rules.

Simply put, by inadequacy implies a deviation of the behavior of a person’s claims, his plans from the limits of established norms, elementary prudence, beyond the limits of behavior considered natural for obtaining an optimal result that is mutually beneficial for the subjects that are included in the interaction.

Inadequacy differs from recklessness by the fact that a stupid individual makes mistakes and acts incorrectly because of errors, misunderstanding of things, misalignment of ideas towards irrational outlook. At the same time, there is a certain motivation in his behavior. In other words, the actions of such subjects are wrong, but quite understandable.

Inadequate individuals deliberately commit unacceptable and abnormal acts, being aware of this. Acting inadequately, the subject consciously seeks to destroy or deform the established norms of society in their own favor, in order to obtain a certain benefit, material or psychological.

The state of inadequacy may occur due to the following factors:

- innate personal properties;

- individual character traits (egotism, gambling, leadership qualities, hyperbolic sex traction);

- social living conditions;

- economic well-being;

- position in society;

- family relationships;

- severe stress;

- psychological trauma;

- severe illnesses, injuries;

- interpersonal relationships, for example, interaction with the individual, showing a negative pattern of behavior;

- mental disorders;

- excess of duties (the need to meet the norms and standards, shortened deadlines for completing tasks force people to take an excessive number of duties, the fear of not being able to achieve what is intended is poorly displayed on the behavioral response);

- the use of alcohol-containing beverages;

- drug addiction.

The reasons provoking the inadequacy of behavior, in addition to the above, may be mass. However, it must be remembered that often the essence of the problematic is multifaceted and multicomponent.

Signs of inadequacy

There are many signs of inadequacy, but it needs to be considered comprehensively. Individuals should not be labeled as inadequate, finding only one of the manifestations below.

The state of inadequacy is expressed in the following actions. And above all, it is found in unpredictable changes in the mood of a polar nature (a bad mood is replaced by euphoria, a good one is replaced by a bad one), an unexpected response to people (an excessively impulsive behavior). Facial expressions and gestures of an individual in the described state do not correspond to what is happening. Such subjects are characterized by excessive theatricality, fussiness, excessive gesticulation, or, on the contrary, unnatural calmness, inappropriate settings, and a frozen, unblinking look directly in the eyes of the interlocutor.

An inadequate person is inclined to interrupt the conversation, not listening to their arguments and judgments, may not listen to others at all, or voice his own opinion off topic. Often skipping categorical statements. Individuals in a state of inadequacy often express an opinion completely inappropriate. They can translate the subject of conversation in a completely different direction. They chat more about their own persona. Their speech is filled with swear words, rude expressions, slang turns. In addition, they can use demonstratively abstruse sentences in everyday household conversation.

In appearance there is an inappropriate selection of clothes, a style that is inappropriate to the event or the setting, frilly or causing outfits. Appearance also undergoes changes: brightly colored curls, an unusual hairstyle, causing makeup. In the sons of Adam, the inadequacy is manifested in excessive piercing, "tunnels" in the auricles, many tattoos, scarification.

Inadequate people are inclined to perceive “with hostility” all sorts of judgments and ideas of opponents when speaking, regardless of their argumentation and consistency. Also, they are characterized by increased sensitivity, inadequate reaction to friendly teasing, jokes, harmless subring.

Inadequate behavior can be expressed in aggressiveness, suspicion, motor disinhibition, suicidal attempts or tendency to self-harm, immoral acts, antisocial acts, conflict, violation of social interaction, categorical statements.

Affect of Inadequacy

The described phenomenon is a stable negative emotional state arising from failure, failure, and characterized by ignoring the fact of a fiasco or unwillingness to take responsibility for failure. It arises due to the conditions that entailed the subject's need to preserve the high self-esteem that had been formed incorrectly and the exaggerated degree of his claims.

To recognize one’s own inconsistency for an individual means to go contrary to the existing need to preserve one’s own self-esteem. However, he does not want to admit this. This is the origin of the inadequate response to its failure, manifested as affective behavioral responses.

The affect of inadequacy is a kind of defensive reaction that allows you to leave the confrontation at the cost of rejecting an adequate perception of reality: the individual saves a high degree of pretensions and high self-esteem, while avoiding the understanding of his own inconsistency, which became the cause of failure, avoiding nascent fluctuations regarding his own skills.

The affect of inadequacy may be limited to one area of ​​individual claims, but it may be generalized, taking possession of the personality of the subject as a whole. Children in the described state are characterized by distrust, aggressiveness, sensitivity, suspicion, and negativity. A prolonged stay of a baby in a similar state leads to the development of corresponding qualities of character.

Affective crumbs are often in steady confrontation with the teaching staff and peers. Therefore, in various ways they try to compensate for their own bad positions, try to attract sympathy for their individuality and attention, thereby trying to satisfy their own claims to good positions, to justify personal self-esteem. Such actions put such kids in absolute subordination to the opinion of the environment, dependence on approval, evaluation by the team. Such dependence can be expressed in two frontier manifestations: maximum compliance with group influence and negativistic resistance to group influence. In an adult, the presence of a persistent affect of inadequacy is often caused by personality traits.

Emotional inadequacy

In order to understand what emotional inadequacy means, it is necessary to find out what emotions are. This term means to agitate and means the reaction of human subjects, manifested in the form of individually colored experiences, reflecting the importance for them of the acting stimulus or the outcome of their own actions (displeasure or pleasure).

The term "adequacy" means "compliance." Under the adequacy of the emotional response, it is meant that in a particular situation, the person’s experiences must correspond to this particular situation. The concept under consideration is expressed by the inconsistency of the emotional response and the motivator who caused them. Accepting the nature of emotions is often diametrically opposite to the expected reaction. For example, laughter, fun when receiving news of a serious illness in your own child. In other words, if a person was hit, he was hurt, he should get angry, cry, take offense, or feel other similar emotions. With the inadequacy of emotions, the individual may respond with a laugh to the blow.

Emotional inadequacy may be a sign of schizophrenia.

The most important factor of human existence is emotions. They provide a colorful life, allow us to evaluate, have fun. Different pathologies can cause different variations in the distortion of the emotional response.

With individual abnormalities (schizophrenia, epilepsy, a number of psychopathies), the emotional response becomes inappropriate to the conditions in which the individual finds himself. We can distinguish such variations of the inadequacy of emotions, such as: paramymia, paratimia, emotional ambivalence, paradoxicality, ecchymia and automatism.

Emotional paradoxes are due to the prevalence of connections in contrast. It is expressed in the desire to harm or trouble individuals who the patient especially loves. For example, the irresistible desire to foul language during worship, arising from a truly religious subject. Also here can be attributed, and a peculiar pleasure from dental algii or the pleasure of awareness of humiliation.

All manifestations of the deviation in question can be conditionally defined to two subgroups. The occurrence of inappropriate experiences of a particular situation is called paratimia. For example, a person reports a joyful moment with tears. Such a change in the expression of emotions arises when the cortex is damaged. Otherwise, emotional paradoxicality is manifested in the weakening of normal emotional reactions to significant events against the background of an intensified response to insignificant associated events. Such inadequacy is due to the psycho-esthetic proportion. At the same time, the emotional reactions of the individual are difficult to predict. For example, a person remains indifferent in a tragic event, but will tearfully heartbroken over a torn flower.

The manifestation of emotional inadequacy is considered grimacing, expressed in exaggerated, exaggerated, rapidly changing facial movements. The nature of expressiveness and emotional fullness of the situation does not correspond to the grimace.

Paramimia is the discrepancy between mimic reactions and the content of an individual's emotional state. Expressed in the pathological arousal of the motor nature that occurs in the facial muscles. Some arbitrariness of mimic cuts, their one-pointedness is preserved with the outward manifestation of a certain emotion. Paramimia also manifests itself in varying intensity by contractions of certain groups of facial muscles. At the same time, their coordination and synergy are lost. This leads to a combination of different, often polar facial movements.

Emotional ambivalence is found in the sensation of different emotions in relation to one object. "Failure" of emotions occurs in subjects suffering from paralysis or age-related dementia. Affects quickly arise and almost instantly disappear. Any little thing can plunge these patients into despair or make them happy.

Emotional automatism is expressed in the feeling of foreignness of one's own feelings. It seems to an individual that emotions are caused from outside, and do not belong to him.

Ehomimiya is manifested by the automatism of the reproduction of the bright manifestations of the partner’s emotions. People unconsciously copy gestures, intonation, facial expression.