Drug addiction is an affliction accompanied by a pathological load of psychoactive substances. This "virus" strikes indiscriminately, its victims are successful businessmen and unsold youths, hardy athletes and frail young ladies, children of policemen and street children, penthouse residents and slum dwellers. The mechanism of drug addiction distribution is the same - after a single dose of dose, euphoria comes, a person is overtaken by a wave of pleasure, crazy joy. Upon completion of the action of the drug and in the absence of the next dose, comes "breaking", manifested by various symptoms. Drug addiction is a social malady, therefore, it must be eliminated by joint efforts.
The described type of dependence is cunning and many-sided, since there are many types of narcotic substances and each individually influences the human body.
External manifestations, changes in the psyche and behavioral patterns can be significantly rife among lovers of cocaine and substance abusers. However, you can select a number of common signs of drug dependence, confirming the use of drugs that give euphoria. And, above all, it is necessary to highlight the manifestations that occur in appearance:
- the epidermis either reddens or pales, shines, peels off;
- eyes also redden, they have an unhealthy shine;
- the pupils are stably dilated or narrowed down to invisibility;
- Often there is a strong irritation around the mouth or in the corners;
- Mimics change: the face becomes too vivid or becomes stable;
- hand tremor;
- lacrimation, which is accompanied by a runny nose;
- tongue is coated with bloom, longitudinal cracks may appear.
In addition, the appearance of a subject suffering from the type of addiction in question becomes sloppy. Such individuals wear crumpled, dirty clothes. Preference is given to darker shades. Hair is usually unwashed, uncleaned nails. Drug-addicted people even wear glasses with tinted glasses on an overcast day.
You can also identify and secondary signs of drug addiction, appearing much later, when the subject has already consumed narcotic drugs for a long period, namely:
- the crumbling of teeth, as well as their loss;
- premature wrinkles;
- brittle nails;
- skin ulcers.
When ulcers appear on the dermis, this indicates the transition of the drug addiction to the final stage. The body at this stage is very weak, gradually failing its systems and organs, which often leads to death.
For addicts, behavioral reactions change significantly with frequent drug use. The severity of manifestations is due to the type of drug, frequency of consumption, daily dose and by way of administration. In addicts, as a rule, talkativeness and good nature, are suddenly replaced by aggressiveness without cause. In addition, the signs of enslavement with pernicious passion are often expressed by euphoria and motor retardation.
Types of drug addiction
Conditionally considered type of dependence can be divided into psychological dependence and physical dependence.
Psychological subordination to drugs is the painful desire of the individual to periodically either permanently eliminate mental discomfort by means of euphoria or experience sweet sensations. This drug addiction occurs as a result of repeated intake of psychoactive drugs, but it can also give rise to a single intake of psychoactive substances.
Pathological dependence on the need to constantly take drugs is formed due to the destructive desire of the individual to transform his own state through drugs. Such traction is compulsive or mental.
Compulsive is an overwhelming desire to get a portion of the desired drug, which completely covers the addict and controls his behavior, directs desires in order to get the drug.
Psychic inclination is found in persistent thoughts about the desired substance, depressed mood, vivacity and high spirits in anticipation of receiving the dose and dissatisfaction in the absence of it.
Physical subordination to drugs is a state of restructuring of the body due to prolonged consumption of psychoactive substances. It is manifested by severe mental dysfunctions and somatic disorders in the absence of a dose or neutralization of the drug through specific antagonists (withdrawal syndrome, withdrawal syndrome). Relief of symptoms or its relief occurs after the resumption of intake of the drug into the body. The clinical picture of withdrawal syndrome is due to the specifics of the drug used. Certain types of narcotic drugs can cause physical dependence, namely cocaine, cannabinoids, amphetamines, design drugs (fentanyl) or several substances together (polydrug abuse).
In addition, there is tolerance to narcotic or other psychoactive drugs. It is expressed in the weakening of the body's response to a portion of the drug, so an increasing amount of the drug is required to achieve the desired effect.
Amphetamine use is dangerously persistent addiction. At the same time, after each dose, the state of health becomes worse, delirium appears;
Cannabinoid slavery takes a long time to form. This is where the danger of this addiction is hidden. At first, a person thinks that he achieves pacification, relaxation, but later the drug turns into the only meaning of existence.
All types of harmful addiction to drugs are similar - the individual in order to escape from unsatisfying reality or solve problems begins to use narcotic substances, but the result is a destructive addiction.
Cocaine is a common drug. It shows a stimulating effect on the nervous system, giving rise to euphoria, and also has an analgesic effect.
After receiving the dose, the bonded person feels a short flow of energy. But after a few hours there is a sharp decline in strength, mood deteriorates. In order to get an initial feeling of euphoria, an individual constantly needs to increasingly take a dose of cocaine. Therefore, this drug is also called the "quick killer."
Immediately after the introduction of the narcotic substance, the capillaries sharply narrow, the pulse quickens, a rise in pressure is noted. Therefore, drug addicts often have hypertensive crises, as well as myocardial seizures, leading to death.
Cocaine slavery causes unreasonable fear, which is complicated by hallucinations, delirium develops. An individual may feel like insects are crawling under the dermis. Prolonged use of the drug leads to exhaustion and loss of sleep.
I often use cocaine slaves and other substances, such as heroin, sleeping pills, tranquilizers. This causes the development of the so-called polydrug addiction.
Amphetamines are synthesized narcotic substances and are similar to ephedrine. They are attributed to the means of stimulating the psyche, the effects are similar to cocaine.
Amphetamine addict initially feels elated, feels cheerful, but after an increase in dosage there are hallucinations, delusions. Cessation of amphetamine use causes insomnia, apathy and depressive mood.
Even a brief intake of these drugs often causes severe complications: psychosis, a disorder of brain functions, nervous exhaustion, damage to the myocardium and capillaries, an increase or decrease in pressure.
The consequences of drug dependence on the long-term use of amphetamines are the development of the following irreversible effects: dementia, paralysis of the limbs. Most cases end in death.
Polydrug abuse occurs when there are simultaneous subordination of several types of drugs. Often, to enhance the action of drugs patients consume alcohol-containing liquids. Often there are cases when an addict, after stopping the use of intoxicating agents, begins to consume alcohol-containing liquids. This is also a manifestation of polydrug abuse. The described type of dependence affects the dysfunction of the supporting mechanism of the brain, resulting in the inability to tolerate the state of sobriety. Such patients lose their sleep, appetite, they are constantly in a bad mood. This leads to a rupture of social ties, loss of interaction with relatives, loss of work.
The most popular type of addiction is the abuse of cannabis, which contains cannabinoids, which have a psychoactive effect. It is characterized by unpleasant feelings during the first "acquaintance" - dryness in the mouth, nausea, difficulty breathing, trembling, dizziness. However, most still re-try the substance. When the dose is increased, the following manifestations are detected: diffuse attention, talkativeness, inadequate laughter, increased appetite, hypersexuality, increased pulse, drowsiness, aggressiveness.
A large portion of cannabis causes poisoning, manifested by delusions, confusion, hallucinations. Similar symptoms are observed in schizophrenia.