Mutism is a severe psychomotor pathology in which the sick cannot answer the questions posed and make it clear with signs about their ability to communicate with the individuals around him. Translated from the Latin language Mutism means silent, dumb. In neurology, this pathology is characterized by impaired speech, while in psychiatry this condition is considered within the framework of mental deviations, while the ability to understand speech and have a conversation with a patient is preserved.
Mutism must be distinguished from aphasia, which is also characterized by a loss of ability to speak and it arises due to damage to the brain. If the patient is able to write, but is not able to speak at the same time, then most likely he has mutism, not aphasia. Severe psychomotor state can flow into logoneurosis or logophobia.