Hypocrisy is a style of behavior that implies insincerity, hiding real emotions, thoughts, and inner state. The meaning of the word hypocrisy originates in the Roman Empire, when the actors, taking part in theatrical performances, used a variety of masks that reflect the emotional state of the character. Not always this phenomenon should be condemned and condemned. Each individual had a situation in his life in which he had to hide the truth from his interlocutor, to recruit and use the "sweet lie" instead of the "bitter truth".
Forcing a person to hypocrisy, mainly fear. And in suppressive situations, it is the fear of one’s opinion or perception of reality, which is caused by low self-esteem. Therefore, when the interlocutor is hypocritical, and it’s just to reveal it through gesticulation, intonation, facial expression, you should not immediately be offended by the lie of the speaker. If this person is really expensive, you should understand his fear, realizing what caused it, and how you can change the situation by your actions.
In order to avoid such a personality trait as hypocrisy, it is necessary to build rules of life and an unshakable system of principles. If an individual’s behavior is built on the basis of values, such a person will have more control over his speech and actions, avoiding lies and weaknesses. A person with adequate self-esteem will not be ashamed of his point of view or worldview.
What is hypocrisy
In fact, the basis of this concept is the concealment of truth. That is, the hypocrites play to the public, demonstrating emotions that are not really felt. Accordingly, their perception of the situation is different from what they seek to show, which means that the behavior of such a person will also go against his values and attitudes.
According to ethical standards, hypocrisy is a negative quality, because a person behaves immorally because of his egoism, explaining it with good intentions, highly moral motivation and action from the best of intentions. That is, the objective meaning of such actions and the meaning attributed to the hypocrite are very different.
Sometimes hypocrisy may be appropriate - in cases where it is necessary to hide the truth. For example, in relations with superiors at work or teachers at an institution of higher education, it is most often impossible to stop communicating with such people, even if they are unpleasant. In such situations, a certain amount of falsity is necessary to avoid dismissal or expulsion from the university.
However, in most cases, a person puts on a mask that hides his worldview, beliefs not only from society, but often from himself. While playing social roles, personalities do not betray their principles, but by trying on the social mask of hypocrisy, the individual hides true intentions and feelings.
To such actions and the hypocrisy of people inclines low self-esteem, which is based on the fear of rejection and misunderstanding of society, public condemnation.
It seems to a person that he is not worthy of love as he is, worse than others, because he tries to hide his defectiveness. The Austrian psychoanalyst, psychiatrist and neurologist Sigmund Freud believed that those around him incline the individual to hypocrisy, because society is characterized by inconstancy and uncertainty. The environment requires to meet high standards without asking whether an individual is capable of it, and sincere and highly moral behavior is not always justified. That is, the individual does not receive what he deserves for donating something important and must himself understand how to justify such a sacrifice without violating spiritual harmony. So, hypocrisy is the result of an attempt to maintain balance.
Leon Festinger, an American psychologist, found out that the hypocrites feel uncomfortable due to the fact that the real emotions and the demonstrated ones do not coincide. Therefore, the psychotherapist proposed the concept of cognitive dissonance, which explained the discomfort experienced in hypocrisy. Following the teaching, when a couple of people of the same thinking enter into dissonance and one person tries to overcome it, and as a result - hypocrisy.
The issue of this quality is also raised in various religions. In Christianity, hypocrisy is a sin, a mental illness from which it is necessary to be cured by confession - that is, to receive a cure for God, because this characteristic is based on lies, and the father of lies is the devil himself. However, in the New Testament a somewhat different interpretation of hypocrisy is given - it is a person who does something so that others will notice. Islamists emphasize that such a person only shows himself to be a believer, but he is not. It is interesting that in this religion hypocrisy is a sin worse than disbelief in God, and hypocrites, dying, fall into the most terrible, lower tier of hell, because, being between belief and non-belief, such people spin intrigues and create disorder around themselves. In battles, the liars flee from the enemy troops, but when they win, they try to get the most part of the conquered. Judaism also condemns such behavior and hypocrisy; according to Rashi, these people have a separate speech and heart. In turn, the believer speaks the truth both in the soul and in the voice.
Signs of hypocrisy in man
Hypocrisy pretense can be recognized by a number of take. First of all, these are non-verbal signals: insincere smile, glass eyes, tense facial muscles, its redness. They give out hypocrisy and unnatural timbre of voice, hesitation. Extremely alarming in communicating with a cheat is the lack of emotional coloring, interest in what the individual talks about - one can intuitively feel that a person does not invest energy in his words. An alarming bell of hypocrisy should be a sharp change in attitude towards a person after a single event.
In society, it is common for such individuals to criticize others in order to assert themselves; they are stingy with praise and kind words. In this case, the hypocrites do not miss the opportunity to share their successes, boast achievements. In fact, such individuals say more - and in words they promise quite a lot, but in the end they do not strive to fulfill any of the promises. They gossip a lot instead of expressing their opinions directly in the eyes. After all, these people strive to make the most favorable impression, to please others and draw attention to themselves. But for their part, they respect only influential people, and do not treat everyone around them equally. Also, hypocritical personalities help only under favorable conditions, you will not get disinterested support from them.
Thus, due to the listed properties, it is not very difficult to recognize hypocrisy, especially in comparison with honest people. But what to do, if you have found out similar behavior at someone from the relatives? Since hypocrisy is most often caused by fear of being with one's weaknesses and weaknesses, it means that due to some actions a person does not feel safe in a situation right now. Therefore, firstly, it is necessary to realize that the person has turned on the defense mechanism, and not trying to fool. Then it should be understood, because of what actions protection in the form of hypocrisy was activated and, accordingly, to change behavior.
How to deal with hypocrisy
Is it possible to cope with such a feature of character as hypocrisy? Yes, if a person is motivated enough to change. Let us consider in more detail in which areas it is worth working.
Cognitive sphere. To get rid of hypocrisy, you must recognize your uniqueness and do not bend over the expectations of society. Standards of other people can change the individual, so you should follow your own moral and spiritual guidelines. Avoid the condemnation of society - it is better to just help because of their capabilities. Do not forget that the integrity of character underlies physical health.
A responsibility. Hypocrisy arises on the basis of fear of the opinions of others. It is possible to overcome it only by learning to be responsible for your daily choice between good and evil. It should be remembered that the goals and values, priorities of each individual are different, therefore there is nothing wrong with being yourself with your understanding of life in public conversation.
Self development. Any person must have unshakable principles that are unacceptable to betray what happens in hypocrisy. This is achieved by internal self-control and understanding of its hierarchy of values, which is formed through continuous development.
Adequate self-esteem. A person who respects himself, it is easier to achieve the respect of others. He does not need to take special measures for this, it is enough to be yourself. After all, hypocrisy, in fact, prevents us from showing our real “I” to society, forcing us to constantly make concessions.