Alcohol dependence is a disease of the chronic course, the essence of which lies in the pathological aggression to alcohol-containing fluids. In other words, transformations taking place in metabolism due to excessive consumption of hot liquids are irreversible. This condition is progressing. In other words, in order to achieve a comfortable feeling of intoxication, a large portion of alcohol is necessary for drinking. Considered pernicious aggravation accompanied by hangover syndrome and an increase in the number of doses of alcohol to get a sense of satisfaction. When alcohol addiction occurs, poisoning of the body occurs, which provokes memory loss and other disorders.
The disease under consideration affects a person slowly and inconspicuously for the environment and the drinker himself. Gradually, the drunkard loses control over his own being and falls into alcoholic bondage, which causes personal degradation. All the desires of the patient are aimed at quenching the thirst of alcohol. That is why effective relief from alcohol dependence due to the time of the start of therapeutic measures. Early debut treatment increases the chances of achieving a sustained positive effect.
Signs of alcohol dependence are not straightforward, since they can be found in pronounced symptoms and have hidden manifestations. This is due to the stage of the disease, as well as the individual characteristics of the drinker.
To the initial signs of the ailment in question can be attributed nightly consumption of a glass of beer for an interesting program. Regular intake of alcohol-containing liquids, even in small portions, causes addiction. Early alcoholism manifests itself as an addiction to strong drinks, which is characterized by such features:
- there is always a reason for drinking;
- lively and cheerful attitude in anticipation of drinking alcohol (such individuals often try to solve all the accumulated cases, in order to free up time for taking alcohol);
- in the absence of alcohol, the individual is constrained, cannot relax, whereas after taking the intoxicating potion, he becomes instantly joyful and sociable;
- a visible curvature of life principles and moral guidelines gradually occurs, thinking, family problems change, children, parents become secondary;
- often individuals who are at the initial stage of alcohol dependence, always look for some justification for their own servitude, they invariably find a thousand arguments about the positive effect of alcohol;
- individuals who are at an early stage of the described dependence are characterized by a lack of self-criticism, they completely deny the uncontrollable craving for drinking;
- most often alcohol-addicted ones do not recognize the above symptoms.
In addition, the initial manifestations of alcoholism include the lack of control over the amount of alcohol poured into itself. This symptom usually appears at the initial level of the disease and is saved during the entire period of the formation of dependence. Alcoholics on their own to stop consuming alcohol-containing liquids are not able to. They drink up to loss of consciousness or deep sleep. Also, the beginning of the development of this dependence is evidenced by the regular consumption of alcohol.
Over time, the body of the drinker becomes tolerant of alcohol-containing beverages, so the dose consumed steadily increases. The formation of persistent habituation is evidenced by the absence of a gag reflex from ethanol, since it is vomiting that is the body's protective response in response to the ingestion of poisonous substances.
The external signs of the described dependence, which occur over time, include changes in the voice, there is hoarseness, muffled sound. The skin is puffy and loose. There is a trembling of hands. Fingers have drunk with experience shortened and crooked. Often the slaves of alcohol are unable to fully unclench a fist. Since hepatic impairment occurs due to repeated abuse of alcohol-containing liquids, the epidermis, sclera and nail plates become jaundiced. In addition, the characteristic signs of this type of dependence are considered spider veins, located on the cheeks, nose and neck.
For persons suffering from alcohol addiction, all good and good is limited exclusively to strong drinks. Anything else that prevents them from enjoying their drinks is perceived as a boozer, including their closest relatives, colleagues, and comrades. If some of the above symptoms are found in a close person, then we can suspect the presence of the debut stage of alcoholism.
The initial manifestations of this type of dependence are often not cause for concern, they may not even be detected, since the formation of thrust is developed for quite a long time (sometimes up to 10 years). Therefore, sometimes even the closest ones do not see the evils that have developed.
How to get rid of alcohol addiction
Today developed a lot of pharmacopoeial drugs that effectively contribute to the fight against malignant alcoholic burden.
All medicines aimed at exemption from pathological bondage are conventionally divided into the following groups:
- means producing hostility to alcohol-containing liquids (Torpedo, Disulfiram, Colme);
- substances that stop craving to consume the next batch of hot drink (Metadoxil, Balansin);
- medications that eliminate withdrawal symptoms (Medihronal, Alka-Seltzer, Alka-Prim);
- drugs aimed at the correction of psychological problems generated by the use of alcohol (Promazin, Haloperidol, Diazepam);
- funds that significantly reduce the destructive effect of ethanol on the body (Biotredin, Glycine, Rekitsen RD).
These drugs from alcohol dependence is strictly forbidden to use on their own, since most pharmacopoeial drugs have pronounced adverse symptoms and have a number of contraindications.
Alcohol addiction medication should be prescribed only by an experienced narcologist. Modern medical realities today can not please the individuals who are in alcoholic bondage and their relatives, because there is no single means capable of freeing ethanol from the power once. Therefore, most often practiced an integrated approach in the treatment of the disease in question, consisting of the steps below.
The initial stage involves the elimination of withdrawal symptoms through the use of drugs aimed at detoxifying the body. Then, measures are taken to relieve drinking. These activities should be carried out exclusively in the hospital. Here, all the impact is aimed at eliminating the interest of the individual with intoxicating drinks and the relentless desire to drink. Also at this stage, psychotherapeutic measures proved to be effective, since they are aimed at deepening the motivation of the alcoholic to get rid of ethanol bondage.
Fixative course of therapy is carried out at the third stage. Here, the correction methods are chosen individually, and the means of prolonged action are assigned. The main objective of this phase is to prevent potential failures. The described stage also implies vigilant medical monitoring of healers.
At the last stage, the re-socialization of the former alcoholic is carried out. The most important moment in the return of the individual to normal life, to existence outside of constant libations is the restoration of social connections and functions.
Freed from alcoholic slavery, the individual needs to re-adapt to reality. It is very important to establish an adequate relationship with the society at the last stage of the correctional impact. Here, the closest relatives of the patient should take an active part.
Basically, all the methods used for relieving alcoholic enslavement are based on physical methods of exposure (for example, prescribing a drug for alcohol dependence) or psychological - developing in the mind of an individual an understanding of the situation and persistent aversion from alcohol-containing liquids (for example, hypnotechnics).
Despite the progressive development of medicine, not every alcoholic will be able to deal with such a delicate problem as the abuse of hot liquids in a specialized institution. Therefore, patients often try to find an alternative solution that would rule out medical intervention. The easiest way, according to drinkers, to get rid of alcohol dependence through folk remedies, for example, using decoction of moss leaves. This tool has an effect similar to pharmacopoeial aversive drugs that cause increased sensitivity to ethanol. Half a cup of cooked broth before drinking alcohol will cause prolonged vomiting. Also successfully in home medicine to get rid of the described dependence infusions apply lovage.