Expression is a concept synonymous with expressiveness, intensity, brightness of manifestation and presentation of one’s emotional state, feelings, and experiences. In addition, the term expression can be used to refer to indirect messages and thoughts of a person in a non-verbal form (tears, hysterics, exclamations, etc.). Those. Expression does not affect the descriptive side of the state, when a person is able to reflect on what is happening, but the immediate moment of being, the living of the emotion, its realization in external space.
The word expression expresses its meaning exclusively on the external plane of manifestation of personality. The strength and quality of the personality is largely due to the innate characteristics associated with the temperament, strength and mobility of the nervous system, pace, amplitude and intensity of mental processes. Expresses the expression of meaning for a person of a different or past event, and moreover expresses both the degree of importance and the direction (positive or negative).
Expressive components of manifestation in the outside world reflect the status of the individual (acceptance by society has a greater expressiveness), as well as belonging to a particular culture or community (for example, Italians are more expressive than Estonians). The level of development of communication skills is also manifested through the degree of development of expressive manifestations and their adequate use to create socially acceptable forms of behavior. In addition to such external factors, expression serves as an excellent regulator of the internal state of the individual, providing a way of emotional discharge during stress.
Expression is largely used to control and adjust relationships, allowing you to set a certain optimal closeness of the distance, to change the nature of the interaction. So, expressively manifested anger will repel an undesirable interlocutor, and an equally intense joy from the appearance of a person will promote rapprochement. A vivid expression of one's own feelings allows one to give a certain form to communication: conflict, clarification, interaction, consent, subordination, etc.
What is expression
Expression implies expression and therefore this concept is often used in the arts. There is artistic and theatrical expression, expression in music. In all creative areas, feelings and details are served more volumetricly, expressively and vividly in comparison with everyday life. In psychology, the concept acts solely as a manifestation of the emotional-sensual sphere.
Expression includes, in addition to emotional manifestation (expression of emotions), also a dynamic component (expression of movements). It is the latter that is increasingly being studied by science because of its clarity and convenience in fixing the results. The visual recognition of expressive movements as indicators and the emotional state of a person was laid down by evolutionary mechanisms and serves as an integral part of communication. It is important that the criteria for recognition and decryption of information expressive actions of the partners in communication may be the same or different. Such inconsistencies are explained by the difference in cultures and the peculiarities of the temperament of the nation. The same gestures and intonations can mean different things (a nod does not always signify agreement), and the severity of a gesture can produce additional shades in different cultures.
Mimicry (facial expression), pantomimic (gestures, poses, gait) are distinguished; in addition, expressive manifestations include timbre, intonation and loudness of voice. In combination, these manifestations give an individual personality pattern of manifestation to the outside, and also affect the internal organization of the individual. Influence on the internal processes of external manifestations occurs through the release of emotional intensity or its retention, as well as in the way of its manifestation.
The expression of emotions is reflected not only at the behavioral level, but affects all the external manifestations of a person - it can be clothes, hairstyle, choice of accessories. You may notice the tendency that the more charged a person is with expressive manifestations, the brighter and non-standard appearance he chooses. At the same time, the same person with a lack of emotional affect and outwardly will look less defiant.
Impressiveness is the opposite of expression and manifests itself as an orientation towards the inner world, living its own feelings in isolation from society, as well as being more oriented towards the negative side of the process. Such people look cold, detached, without emotional, shielded from society and not in need of interaction. But the absence of external manifestations in a strong and meaningful form does not mean the absence of strong experiences as such. An expressive or impressive orientation of a person does not determine the strength and duration of feelings, but only characterizes the way they are experienced.
There is no constant separation of people into expressive and impressive, because in its harmonious development, the personality is able to creatively and spontaneously choose the form of residence of emotions, the most adequate to the situation. Manifestations focused on external outburst and on internal analysis should be in constant balance. If there is a stable bias in one direction, we can talk about the accentuation of character, but if a person has only one way of experiencing, then there may be violations of the psychiatric spectrum.
Expression cannot be artificially created, since it is largely controlled by biological characteristics and is a manifestation of unconscious processes. It is a kind of uncontrollable background, where more complex forms of activity, controlled by consciousness, are realized.
Expression of feelings
The expression of feelings, as their vivid manifestation and markedness, is an important component of the interaction of man, the world and society. The emergence of emotional reactions is a signaling system of the body, since a change in the emotional background occurs in response to changes in external space. If danger comes, we feel fear or aggression, if our borders have been violated, then an insult or anger arises, when everything is going well, satisfaction and joy are born. Accordingly, emotions that arise unconsciously with appropriate analysis can tell a lot of information about what is actually happening in human life.
In addition, the manifestation of emotional expression can not only read and analyze the events, but also regulate the life of the individual. This happens through the management of emotion behavior. It is feelings that make you choose one or another course of behavior, adjust to the implementation or block any activity. In addition to the direction of action, the expression of emotions and the way through which it is produced, has a direct impact on the removal or increase of emotional tension, which ultimately affects both somatic functions and the further formation of personality.
Any emotional manifestations affect physiological processes, and with not very pronounced expression, the effect on the physical side is not so noticeable. With stronger shocks, reactions of tears, tremors, sensations of cold or heat are possible. However, when interpreting the gestural and physical manifestations of feelings, it is necessary to exercise maximum caution, since there is not always a match in the expression. The most appropriate are such manifestations in children who cry when they are upset, stomp when they are evil, and laugh when they are happy. Already in adolescence, a mixture of manifestations occurs, and with the development and complication of the personality, external manifestations may further go away from direct manifestations. A person starts crying with joy, laughing with anger, smashing furniture with grief and being extremely calm when all life goes downhill. This is a consequence of the imposed social norms and rules of behavior, where we all were told how to behave, and how not to. The resulting psychological trauma can alter a person’s emotional expression when an inadequate response is received in response to a true and open emotional reaction.
The expression of feelings can be suppressed or, on the contrary, encouraged by cultural characteristics, and the stronger the cultural influence, the more it undergoes changes relative to its original natural course.