A fatalist is a subject who believes in the inevitability and inevitability of every action, that everything is determined by fate. In other words, he believes that his whole life is ordained in advance and nothing depends on the decision of the person himself. A fatalist is an individual who believes in fatum, the irrevocability of fate, who always relies on the fatal predestination of each of our actions. Thus, fatalists recklessly reject the free will of the individual, flee from responsibility for their actions. A fatalist is a person who blindly follows an evil fate, that all events are predetermined from above long before birth, and nowadays it is inherent in them only to find expression.
The presence of diversity in interpretations of this term does not become an obstacle to the formation of its essence.
The meaning of the word fatalist in total representation is an individual who is submissive to fate, convinced of the predestination of his life. In Latin, there is the concept of fatalis - fatal, in the English fate - fate. A person with a fatalistic worldview is unshakably convinced that it is impossible to change anything in his life, the maximum can only be predicted.
An individual with a fatalistic ideology follows the path of irresponsibility for his own actions, contemplating from beyond the events in his own life, does not try to make any efforts to influence what is happening. It is as if a person flows with the established route called life, knowing that he is expected to fall, the pitfalls, but makes absolutely no attempts to "go ashore." He convinces himself in strict observance of the rules drawn up by forces from above.
The meaning of the word fatalist, first of all, describes the person? An integral part of which is faith in fatum, fate fate.
Psychologists focus on the fact that the existing pattern in the behavior of fatalists still has its differences. They suggest the existence of several types of worldview of such people:
- domestic - the followers of such a worldview are clearly pessimistic, they shift to blame for their own failures on other people. In the event that it is meaningless, a higher power falls under charges, which are no doubt hostile to this individual. Often household fatalism is manifested against the background of trouble, stress. The consequences of stressful situations negatively affect the emotional state, which causes the individual to shift the blame to the other;
- theological - adherents of this branch are inclined to ascribe divine significance to higher forces, it is they who predetermine everything that happens on Earth. It is believed that every human life is predetermined by God, it is he who determines all the tests for each individual. All events occurring in the life of a fatalist from the category of non-random and necessary. In turn, two subspecies stand out here: fatalists in whose worldview there is a concept of absolute predestination (Calvinism, Augustinianism), according to the conviction of these individuals, all life scenarios were written before the birth of a person, and his soul and fatalists had already been predetermined to hell or to heaven. for which fate is combined with free will;
- logical - such a worldview has a starting point in ancient Greece. The philosopher Democritus describes this as a consequence of previous events and human actions, because according to his opinion, everything has a root cause. This kind of worldview is the result of a "causal" relationship. If there is a consequence (a situation in a fixed place, at a stipulated time), then this was preceded by a chain of certain actions in the past. There are no accidents, they do not exist a priori. In contrast to the theatrical worldview of the fatalist, the functions of God here fulfill the inevitable consequence of what will happen under any circumstances.
A fatalist is a person who wholly and completely sacrifices himself in the hands of fatum - fate. This behavior is reflected in the psychological changes that leave a mark on his worldview:
- a fatalist man is compared with a pessimist. Such a lifestyle implies not expecting absolutely nothing good in your future;
- this kind of person does not believe in their own strengths and capabilities, oppose the belief in freedom of choice;
- a person rejects the concept of randomness, everything in the world happens with one hundred percent probability, all actions are a series of prescribed events;
- I am convinced that he does not bear the burden of responsibility, he is like a tool that is controlled by the fate of fate;
- superstition, a feature inherent in such a way of life. The desire to contemplate the future, using predictions, horoscopes, numerology.
Behavior inherent in man to a fatalist is reflected in folk myths, in which the thread of inevitability can be traced: a special fate was intended for everyone, the need to follow the path defined above. It was believed that such a worldview helps the individual in certain situations. If we take into account that such a person ignores any danger in his life path (after all, all this is a decision of fate), then this is the image of a brave warrior who is not afraid to go into battle. Despite this, it was precisely the neglect of danger that led many fatalist people to accelerate their own tragic finale.
A fatalist is a person who, following convictions, often puts himself in danger and becomes the object (victim) of a crime. In such situations, the behavior of the fatalists oversteps the fine line, transforming into pride. Full of dignity, he will accept death more easily than he recognizes his fear in front of others. Unconditionally, examples of such actions can be found in all epochs of human existence. Julius Caesar - a clear example of this, a number of signs and predictions warned of impending danger, meanwhile he was blinded by pride and turned away from them. And at the right time, at the appointed place was killed. A wonderful example of a fatalist man can also be found in literature in the eponymous novel "A Hero of Our Time" written by Lermontov.
In search of an answer to the question "who is a fatalist," under any conditions, a connection is found between the beliefs of the fatalist and free will. Indeed, for an individual with a similar worldview, only his future is important, the anticipation of the future itself, the past and the present is not essential. A person has the opportunity to make a choice, but the choice is already predetermined.
Fatalists are not from birth, an important aspect in the formation of a fatalistic worldview is the upbringing and influence of the environment. If for a long time the individual does not cope with life situations, draws attention to the opinions of others, his psyche gradually begins to reject the possibility of an adequate analysis of the problem and ways to solve it. A person refuses to act in the direction of solving a problem, he is abandoned by faith in his own strength. He creates for himself such a psychological attitude, following which everything around is generalized and considered to be independent of human influence - a predetermined fate. Modern society does not recognize the worldview of the fatalist, does not take it seriously, based on the possibilities of science and its infinity.