A pacifist is a person who follows the ideology of the struggle against violence, preventing war, establishing peace, and confronting bloodshed with the goal of their absolute eradication. Pacifists unite in peacekeeping movements, whose anti-militaristic views are aimed at eliminating the practice of resolving political conflicts through war. Adherents of such a worldview are immoral against any kind of violence against the individual. The ideology of pacifists is based on the basis of humanistic and liberal values, is based on the idea of the peaceful resolution of conflicts of any orientation. Therefore, any part of society can be supporters of such ideas: young people, informal or religious organizations, intellectuals.
Who is a pacifist
The meaning of the word pacifist is deeply rooted in Latin, it was formed at the merger of the two words "peace" and "do." A pacifist is a human peacemaker, "making the world." The earliest use of the term "pacifist", which was published in the dictionary, is an article from the QuarterlyReview magazine, which was released in 1910 in July.
Adherents of a pacifist worldview are inherent in propaganda: finding compromises through negotiations, peaceful rallies, demonstrations. The pacifists themselves do not make the world per se. Thus, these are individuals proving that political and military conflicts should be resolved with the help of peace negotiations. In practice, they try to act based on a personal example: they do not take part in acts of violence, in any kind of wars. There is an assumption that, under the guise of a pacifist ideology, people simply oppose the liberation movements.
The scientific definition of the word pacifist acquired only in the nineteenth century, despite the existence of avid adherents of peace back in the period of the birth of humanity. According to historical assumptions, the pacifist worldview takes its origins from the foundations of Buddhism in the sixth century BC. The preachers of this period promoted enlightenment and spiritual development through the prism of intellectual formation, enrichment of thoughts and hearts. The followers of peacemaking and anti-violent methods of resolving conflicts were Christians as early as the second century BC. Followers of this ideology did not take part in the struggle and any anti-human actions, flatly refused to kill people. However, there is not a single source of information that mentions the expulsion from church or any kind of religious punishment of a person who was a warrior. The true pacifists that existed at that time opposed all forms of violence, especially those that were later described as "holy war" or "just." Many pacifists took the martyr's death in the period of raging religious struggle, which led to the formation of new anti-war movements, individuals with pacifist ideologies became the adherents of which.
One of the significant stages of the formation and development of this ideology was the period of the Napoleonic wars. Mass meetings, international congresses were held on the basis of many peacekeeping organizations. Supporters of anti-violent actions called for the absolute disarmament of all countries. The idea of resolving all interstate disputes was also advanced, using only the judicial system without using any physical force.
The meaning of the word pacifist gained apogee of its popularity after the Second World War. After the loss of millions of innocent lives, the movement for world peace spread and deepened among a significant number of people. A huge number of anti-war organizations used the ideology of pacifists, but this existed only in words. Among the most prominent public pacifist movements were hippie organizations. Originating in the sixties, this movement existed for more than ten years. Pacifists of this direction spread all over the world. The sign of this trend that exists to date - the pacific, is considered to be a sign of peacefulness, which has become an identification emblem for pacifists.
A pacifist is a person who will always insist on his conviction, on the correctness of non-violent methods of conflict resolution. At present, a pacifist is considered to be a person consisting in a multimillion-dollar movement, which has its own offices all over the world, doctrines, a flag, and international missions. Modern views of scientists on the resolution of military conflicts exclusively by peaceful means, without the use of physical force and violence, interpret this as a totally unrealistic task. Based on such assumptions that a pacifist is a person who, in his views on the world and ideology, carries the trace of utopianism. Although they still believe that war is an impermissible, rude way to resolve differences between states, social classes or religious societies. As before, many countries hold peaceful rallies, processions.
A significant number of people belong to the pacifists ironically, along with some even hostile. Among them there is an opinion that such an ideology brings some benefit to the pacifist: unconditional rejection of war, contributes to the deviation from military service. Similar behavior has been traced since the days of early Christianity. Over the entire period of its existence, the worldview of pacifists did not lead to the development of a serious conflict management apparatus, without using violence.
Since the birth of humanity, the struggle for power and territory has been an indisputable fact of existence. But, as you know, this fact does not suit the pacifists, these people are often inclined not only to counteract the development of military actions, the cause of which is the dubious beliefs of a handful of people, but also to make personal sacrifices that the world would prevail.
One of the vehement supporters of the pacifist outlook was the German writer Erich Maria Remarque. Having received a bill for the services of the executioner, who decapitated his younger sister in Fascist Germany for her imprudent expression, Remark remained a staunch pacifist. A vivid manifestation of his worldview has found its reflection in the author’s anti-war works.
During the US intervention in Vietnam, the pacifists organized a movement that became an obstacle, like a lump in the throat of American power. Participants in this movement were various segments of the population, both ordinary citizens and celebrities. Muhamed Ali - the famous boxer spoke out against the hostilities in front of many, he set fire to his army agenda, expressing his position that this country had done nothing to him personally. It is worth mentioning that Ali condemned the actions of the Soviet Union against the people of Afghanistan.
The famous writer Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy never mentioned the term "pacifism", but he supported the idea of non-violence in every possible way. His statements, expressed through the words of the hero of the novel, Andrei Balkonsky, marked the beginning of his anti-violent convictions, which lasted until the end of his life.
At the time of the popular hippie pacifist movement, the Beatles were a prime example of those supporting this worldview. Among other well-known personalities were many outstanding pacifists, some possessed certain capabilities: Janet Rankin (this is a member of the US Congress, who only voted against the entry of states into the First and Second World War), Bob Marley, Alfred Nobel, Mahatma Gandhi, Brigitte Bardot, Jim Carrey , Ulf Ekberg, Michael Jackson, Stevie Wonder, Albert Einstein.
For today, the struggle against violence in the name of peace is an urgent task for many. Modern wars are distinguished by even greater cruelty and anti-humanism, the number of casual victims is growing every day. In order to bring a person’s existence closer to the world, it is necessary to suppress all feelings or to turn all people into one ideology, but this is not real. Analyzing the modern life positions of humanity that exist today, the pacifist worldview of man remains a utopia.