Nervous tic is an unintentional stereotypical reduction of facial muscles, sometimes neck. This deviation is expressed mainly by small twitching. Uncontrolled muscular contractions are not uncommon and have appeared in virtually every human subject once. For example, in most people with a strong psycho-emotional overstrain, stereotypical eyelid twitching is observed. It is known that the nervous tick of the eye and the reduction of facial muscles are more common. At the stage of childhood (up to the age of ten), the most common problem of neurological etiology is considered tics, which are found in one girl out of a hundred and 13% of male children. The described phenomenon does not need drug therapy, since it does not harm the child’s body, nor does the mature individual. Treatment is necessary only if the temporary tics are reincarnated into a permanent phenomenon.
Causes of a nervous tic
The main factor contributing to the appearance of tics is the dysfunction of the nervous system. The human brain sends into the muscles "wrong" nerve impulses, forcing them to quickly and uniformly contract. This phenomenon is involuntary, therefore the individual himself cannot stop the twitching.
There are three variations of tics, their classification is due to the cause that gave rise to an imbalance of the nervous system: primary (psychogenic, idiopathic), secondary (symptomatic) and hereditary (originate as a result of hereditary ailments leading to damage to the cellular structures of the nervous system).
Among the reasons for the primary twitching, tied in the children's period, there are:
- psycho-emotional trauma;
- attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (there is the greatest imbalance of functions);
- increased anxiety;
The psychoemotional injury that caused the appearance of stereotypical jitter may be of a sharp nature, for example, in a single episode of sudden fright, severe pain, and chronic. The nervous system of small inhabitants of the planet is unformed, and therefore the mechanisms regulating motor acts are imperfect. As a result, the rapid response to negative circumstances often leads to the emergence of a tick violation. Sometimes nervous tics are observed in a mature personality.
Nervous tics of primary genesis in adults are caused by frequent stresses, weakness of the nervous system, and chronic fatigue.
Such twitches are characterized by benign percolation. Usually they almost always pass on their own without the use of pharmacopoeial drugs.
Nerve tics of secondary origin can be triggered by:
- infectious diseases of the brain;
- carbon monoxide poisoning;
- taking a number of pharmacopoeial drugs, for example, psychotropic or anticonvulsant drugs;
- damage to the capillaries of the brain (atherosclerosis, stroke);
- dysfunction of the kidneys or liver, as a result of which the concentration of toxic decomposition products in the blood increases, affecting the nervous system;
- mental illnesses, such as: schizophrenia, autism;
- tumor processes in the brain;
- trigeminal neuralgia;
- birth injuries;
- vegetative-vascular dystonia, characterized by a disordered functioning of the parts of the nervous system responsible for regulating the activity of organs.
Also, quite often the movements that an individual is forced to make can subsequently be fixed in the form of twitches. For example, a baby with angina has to swallow constantly, saliva, straining the muscles of the neck and throat, in order to avoid pain. Subsequently after recovery, these swallows can become nervous tics.
There are nerve tics of hereditary nature, which are called Tourette's disease. It is believed that with a 50% chance the child will have this ailment if it is found in one parent.
This violation appears in the childhood period, gradually with the maturing of the crumbs, the symptoms subside. In this case, the severity of the flow is different.
The following are conditions that can affect the course of an illness:
- autoimmune conditions;
- unfavorable ecology;
- bacterial infections (there is an opinion that the violation can provoke streptococcal infection, but there is no evidence);
- Magnesium deficiency and pyridoxine deficiency.
Types of Nervous Ticks
Often, a nervous ticking means ordinary twitching of the century, but this is not always true.
Nervous tic has various manifestations, therefore it is classified into mimic, sensory, voice and motor.
The mimic version of the disorder is the most commonly diagnosed. It affects only the facial area. For the most part, these are involuntary contractions of the labial or facial muscles, the nervous ticking of the eyes. Often the facial manifestation of the manifestation of the disease combined with the motor, since these two options are very similar.
The motor variant of the manifestation of the described violation includes involuntary contractions of the muscles of the limbs. Muscle twitching is observed much less frequently on the legs than on the upper limbs. In this case, this option should also include involuntary motor acts (clicking fingers, waving his arms). The motor variant also includes spontaneous muscle twitching of the foot.
Voice tick is often confused with a rarely occurring ailment, manifested by the inability to control the shouting out of some words or phrases, most of which are abusive. The voice type of tic is manifested by the uncontrolled expression of individual words.
In addition, spontaneous sounds are often grunting, pokhekivanie and similar sound forms, uncontrolled by man.
The sensory variant of twitching is due to the appearance of the feeling of cold in an individual, the feeling of warmth or some other feeling that gives rise to the desire to rub this area of the body. This feeling is not related to external conditions.
Often there is a mixture of types of disease. For example, a voice tick is detected together with a mimic view or a motor type.
Also uncontrollable twitches are generalized when muscle groups are affected, and local when they develop in a certain segment of the body.
In addition, the simple manifestations of the described violation and complex ones are classified.
The first option is observed when twitching occurs on a simple plan, affecting only one muscle or a maximum of two.
The second occurs when spontaneous muscle tremor occurs according to a certain sequence, which is a complex of a series of motor acts or twitches, one after another.
By the nature of the origin of this deviation is classified into hereditary, primary and secondary.
There are also transient tic violations, which most often pass on their own. Uncontrolled muscle twitches are characterized by short duration. In addition, they can be played daily for a whole month or even longer, but the total duration is not more than a year.
The tick of this variety is found in the unbreakable desire to make a specific motor act and even emit a certain sound. It is usually expressed in raising the eyebrows, frequent blinking, blowing nostrils, opening the mouth, clicking the tongue, grunting, cleaning. As a rule, specific treatment is not required.
They also distinguish chronic motor tics, which are less common than transient tics, but more often than Tourette syndrome. In order to identify this type of twitching, the spasms must manifest during the biennium, and each episode must last more than ninety days.
The most commonly diagnosed are excessive blinking, eye twitching, or grimacing. This variation of tics does not stop even in the dream process. Children do not need specific therapy, but adults should still consult a doctor.
Symptoms of Nerve Ticks
The main manifestation of this disorder is the appearance of spontaneous, formidable muscle contractions. In addition, the more persistent the subject seeks to neutralize the jerking, the stronger the contraction of the muscle tissue. Despite the inability to consciously control the activity of the nervous system, individual individuals are able to push away the moment of crisis by willpower and weaken the amplitude of muscle contractions.
Typically, the manifestations of this violation make their debut due to intense physical or mental stress due to overwork, due to an unexpected traumatic situation, a serious conflict or quarrel.
The symptomatology of hyperkinesis is increasing in increasing order, while the muscular twitching can be externally visible to others. The clinical manifestations of a tic disorder are due to the area in which twitching is formed.
Facial hyperkinesis is found in frequent blinking, nose twitching, chaotic eyebrow twitching, involuntary opening of the mouth, lip wiggling, frontal area tension.
Nervous tic, localized in the head or neck region, is manifested by mechanical turns of the head and impulsive nods.
Damage to the vocal apparatus generates such manifestations: unconscious pronouncing of incoherent sounds, syllables, the appearance of grunting, barking cough or involuntary howling.
When the dislocation jerking on the body, there are reflex motor acts of the abdominal muscles, irregular movements of the diaphragm, pelvic or gluteal muscle tremors.
When twitching of the limbs occurs, automatic hand slapping, tapping or bouncing in place are observed.
There are known precedents when an individual does not notice at all unintentional muscular tremors and, therefore, does not complain about them, but they are present.
Vocal tics are found in smacking, coughing, sometimes in bad language, shouting out emotional words.
Symptoms for the disease under consideration do not appear instantly. Sometimes individuals for a long period may not be aware of a motor act, which is a tic. More often spontaneous jerking notice others.
Nervous tics differ in their manifestations, intensity, complexity, but they are united by a single sign - the inability to control. Sometimes patients can feel the onset of a crisis. In addition, from time to time they may even briefly delay the will.
Symptoms of a nervous tic become especially noticeable when an individual is in an excited state or with extreme fatigue. Sometimes spontaneous twitching may appear in a state of relaxation.
Nervous tic in no way impairs the performance of the nervous system, does not diminish intellectual abilities. It can contribute to the breakdown of psycho-emotional health. This is most often found when the illness begins to attract the close attention of the environment, causes ridicule or condemnation. Baby tics can change the location. They can also grow.
Most individuals experience a tick debut in the form of a desire, similar to the need to yawn, sneeze, or the need to scratch. The onset of nervous tics is felt as an increase in tension that the individual consciously decides to let go. An example of such a warning urge is the appearance of a coma in the throat, requiring clearing of the throat, or discomfort in the shoulders, forcing to shrug.
Twitching may cause a feeling of either relief of tension, or a feeling that resembles itching. Another example is blinking in order to eliminate discomfort in the eye. There are individuals who are not aware of the warning urge. Toddlers are less aware of such desires than adult faces. Complicated twitching in the absence of simple ones is rare. Sometimes they are difficult to differentiate from compulsions.
Diagnosis of a nervous tic
In order to diagnose the deviation in question, tics should be distinguished from motor acts provoked by the presence of other pathologies, for example, dystonia, myoclonus, chorea, operations caused by stereotypic motor abnormalities, compulsive urges.
Also, differential diagnosis is very important in order to understand how to treat a nervous tic. It suggests the exclusion of such diseases as: dystonia, paroxysmal dyskinesia, chorea, other genetic pathologies, secondary causes. In addition to Tourette syndrome, the following illnesses can manifest themselves as twitches or as stereotyped motor acts: developmental disorders, Huntington's disease, Sydenham's chorea, idiopathic dystonia, stereotypical motor impairment, autistic-range abnormalities, neuroacantocytosis, tuberous sclerosis, muscular dystrophy Duchenne, Wilson's disease. Also, certain chromosomal mutations should be excluded: Down syndrome, Klinefelter.
In addition, a nervous tic may occur due to acquired causes in the use of drugs, head injuries, strokes, encephalitis. Most of these options are much less common than tick disorders. Therefore, screening or medical tests are not always necessary. Often, to exclude one or another pathology, it is sufficient to conduct a thorough examination and collection of anamnesis.
Tick twitches are generally considered to be syndromes inherent in more of the childhood period, but sometimes develop in adults and are often due to secondary causes. Twitching, which debuted after 18 years, are not manifestations of Tourette syndrome, but are often diagnosed as other specified or unspecified violations.
If necessary, tests can be assigned to exclude other ailments. For example, if during the course of diagnosis it is impossible to distinguish whether the patient’s tics torment or it is convulsions, an EEG is recommended. Also, in order to exclude brain pathologies, an MRI scan should be prescribed. To exclude hypothyroidism, it is recommended to measure the concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone.
Urinalysis in order to detect narcotic or other stimulants is more often needed when twitching is observed in adolescents or in adults who have involuntary cuts debuted unexpectedly, as well as other behavioral manifestations.
If you have a family history of liver pathologies, an analysis of the level of ceruloplasmin and copper will help to eliminate Wilson's disease.
Nervous tic, found in an adult, indicates the presence of abnormalities in the performance of the nervous system. Therefore, with some exceptions, the ailment in question requires a qualified consultation of a neurologist.
Consultation of a neurologist involves interviewing a patient, assessing the condition of an individual, conducting instrumental and laboratory tests, consulting other specialists, evaluating the nervous system.
The survey implies a clarification:
- time, as well as the circumstances of the appearance of a nervous tic;
- the duration of the presence of a tick;
- transferred or existing afflictions;
- attempts to eliminate the tic and their effectiveness;
- Does the other family members have a tick?
After the survey, a systematic study of the nervous system is carried out, motor and sensory functions are assessed, muscle tone, as well as the severity of reflexes are determined.
For the diagnosis of the disease described, the purpose of carrying out such laboratory examinations as an ionogram used to detect the amount of electrolytes in the blood is recommended (a lack of magnesium or calcium leads to an increase in muscle tone, which can be expressed by convulsions), a complete blood count to help detect the presence of an illness of an infectious nature, study feces used to detect helminth eggs.
Treatment of nervous tick
Modern science identifies a number of recommendations and certain exercises that temporarily remove or weaken the manifestations of a nervous tic.
Nervous tics are unconscious motor acts that an individual cannot control. Their peculiarity lies in the absence of spontaneous jerks when a person performs a targeted motor act. This is due to the fact that the brain controls the execution of a certain movement at this particular moment, and therefore does not miss uncontrollable arbitrary ticks by the head.
Despite the comparative non-danger of uncontrolled motor acts, it is nevertheless necessary to understand how to get rid of a nervous tic.
With the unexpected appearance of spontaneous muscle twitches in any zone, it is recommended to strongly strain the contracting muscle for a short period. This action will suspend the manifestation of the disease for an indefinite period, but will not eliminate the cause of the deviation in question.
Описываемый прием противопоказан, если дрожание, порождено воспалением тройничного нерва. Here it is recommended to minimize the effect of stimuli as much as possible, avoiding any contact with the tick area.
How to get rid of a nervous eye tick? The following are recommendations. Often, a twitching eye signals the body’s need for rest. Spontaneous muscle tremors can occur during prolonged exercises on the computer, when reading in a dimly lit room, or from fatigue.
In order to quickly eliminate eye tick should:
- close your eyes for 15 minutes and relax;
- Apply cotton pads, pre-moistened in a warm liquid, to the eyelid area
- try to open your eyes as wide as possible, then squeeze your eyes tight for a couple of seconds, repeat this exercise 3 times;
- slightly press the middle of the eyebrow arc located above the twitching eye;
- for 15 seconds both eyes blink quickly, then close your eyes for 2 minutes and relax.
The methods of how to treat a nervous tick are described below. Pharmacopoeial preparations, non-drug therapy and alternative medicine are used to get rid of uncontrolled twitching.
The most important task of medical correction of a nervous tick disorder is to relieve symptoms and eliminate the cause of the disease. For the relief of episodes of twitching, agents that affect the psycho-emotional sphere of the patient and the nervous system are prescribed.
For primary twitches, preference is given to soothing drugs (for example, drug valerian). In the absence of effect, you can move on to more serious groups of drugs.
Tics of secondary etiology of therapy cannot be treated with sedatives. It is recommended to begin the correctional effect with anti-anxiety and antipsychotic drugs. These drugs are prescribed in conjunction with the treatment of the main disease.
In order to stabilize the functioning of the nervous system, as an additional means, it is recommended to take an ordinary tea drink with melissa or mint.
In addition to medication should not forget about restorative therapy. Treatment with non-medicinal drugs can be used both for primary twitches and for secondary ticks, since they normalize the psycho-emotional balance and restore the disordered functions of the nervous system.
Non-drug therapy includes: proper sleep, adherence to the daily work schedule, balanced diet, psychotherapeutic techniques.
The appearance of nerve ticks is an important signal that indicates that the body needs a break. Therefore, when an uncontrolled jerk appears, first of all, the daylight schedule should be reviewed, some types of activities should be excluded, more time should be allocated for rest.
Constant fatigue, lack of proper rest over a long period cause depletion of the functional resources of the body and an increase in susceptibility to stimuli of the nervous system.
There are such basic recommendations for the daily routine in case of nervous tics:
- wake up and fall asleep at one time;
- comply with the labor regime;
- do exercises;
- follow the rest mode (vacation, weekend);
- avoid night work and overwork;
- cut pastime at the computer;
- to limit or exclude absolutely watching TV.
Lack of sleep for several days increases the body's susceptibility to the effects of stressors, lowers the adaptation of the nervous system, causes aggression and irritability. Prolonged sleep deprivation generates even greater dysfunction of the nervous system, which is often manifested by an increase in nervous tics.
A great way to get rid of this painful disturbance is a relaxing bath using sea salt. In addition, a wonderful effect aimed at relaxation, has aromatherapy.
It should be noted that for individuals suffering from nervous twitching, family support is extremely important. It is the relatives who should contribute to creating an atmosphere of tranquility in the home. Often it is the support of the immediate environment, their care and understanding, contribute to the speedy disposal of uncontrolled sudden muscle tremor.