Psychological maturity is a multidimensional concept that does not have a single well-established definition for a given day. Psychological personality maturity is a special state of mental processes and worldview that allows a person to be a self-fulfilling individual. This includes the ability to establish productive social contacts, to adequately perceive reality and the people around them. In addition, the psychological maturity of the individual is based on independence in meeting the basic necessary needs, as well as responsibility for their lives and actions.
All activities of a psychologically mature individual are aimed at the realization of their own skills, emotional needs, while respecting the social norms, rights and personal boundaries of other people. This is a specific skill that allows you to achieve success, both in personal life and in professional life. The priority tasks for such an individual are the tasks of growth, development, advancement, there is a rich stock of life experience and empathy, which allows communication on almost any level.
What is socio-psychological maturity
Personality maturity is not acquired and does not depend on the age of the passport. Rather, it is a psychological age, which can be completely different from peers. So, a person who has gone through many different situations, has learned to overcome them and is independently responsible for his own choices is more psychologically more mature than someone who has lived all this time in the same conditions with a minimum level of responsibility. Some have the feeling that the more serious a person is and the more loaded with various important tasks, the higher his level of maturity. It is important to understand one's own capabilities and desires, sensitively follow an inner voice, which includes not only intuition, but also reason.
Psychological maturity gives a feeling of smoothness and increases flexibility - no rule once established is unshakable. The person understands that he is changing, the surrounding reality and needs, and accordingly the ways of interaction must also change.
In the actions of a mature person there is a lot of naturalness, he will not hide his tears with willpower when he is very sad and will not keep a serious face when he is funny. Such freedom is born from full acceptance of oneself, in-depth knowledge of one’s psychological characteristics, and low exposure to manipulation. Social stereotypes have little power over such people, since they are guided by their inner feelings and their own needs in choosing their path and their own reactions.
Accepting oneself and the world with its laws, death, suffering and weaknesses of people allow one to be in greater harmony and not try to change what exists for thousands of years. Resources are spent on the necessary and beneficial: on their own development and activities that produce results. Such people end up living a more fulfilling life and quite calmly accept death, unlike those who play hide and seek all the time without having done anything worthwhile.
Psychologically mature people stand out from the crowd not only by behavioral reactions, but also externally, usually their image is rather extravagant, since there is no desire to maintain general tendencies. Also, they have no complaints of boredom and the desire to kill time - they are full of keen interest in the world and life, often gambling, and the only thing they can regret is the limited physical incarnation.
Psychological maturity of a person can manifest and form exclusively in the social environment. Accordingly, on the way of growing up, a person goes through the necessary stages and processes of personality maturation. This is a kind of harmonious combination, including physical maturity and psychological age. There are special necessary psychological manifestations at each age gap, indicating a harmonious development process. When stuck at one of the stages, personal maturity is inhibited and infantilization is present.
By many psychologists, personal maturity is determined through the existential process of finding the meaning of one’s own existence and accepting responsibility in manifesting the freedom of one’s choice. In addition to such deep and serious categories, there are measurable external signs of psychological maturity. This first of all includes a person’s interest not only in individual needs, his own existence and body, but also in the affairs of others. Such a person will take care of his family, help friends, participate in processes that shape the social state. Interest is manifested not only to the closest limited circle, but to numerous social groups (working group, state processes, religious traditions, etc.). The ability to assess yourself from the outside allows you to establish deep and constructive social relationships that are built on mutual trust, compassion, sincerity, respect and tolerance.
Socio-psychological maturity allows a person to control and predict their own emotional manifestations. This contributes to the manifestation of tolerance, not through the efforts of the will, but due to the broad outlook and acceptance, both of its internal features, and of other people. Managing your emotions allows you to express them in a socially acceptable form, indicating your attitude and not offending the feelings of others.
Mature personality is quite holistic and flexible in its manifestations. That is, it always has a system of values and important goals, the achievement of which will always correspond to the moral and ethical concept of a person. A sense of humor and introspection are also acquired with psychological maturity and reflect a high level of mental development.
Social maturity is not an identical psychological concept of maturity. It reflects only the aspect of social interaction, which takes into account the adequacy, predictability and stability of the individual. This reflects a person’s independence in life, when he does not need physical, material or psychological support from others, with full competence in this matter. This includes the ability to independently solve their everyday problems, to be able to provide their own food and accommodation.
Socio-psychological maturity is directly related to responsibility, both in personal manifestation regarding only oneself, and at the social level, where other individuals are involved. If psychological maturity takes care of the development and realization of an individual's potential, then social maturity implies directed human behavior that contributes to the development of humanity as a whole.
Even the mechanisms of psychological defenses of a mature person are not at a primitive level: among them will be intellectualization, sublimation, rationalization, instead of repression and aggression.
Signs of psychological maturity
Psychological maturity and psychological age are closely related concepts, but this does not provide an understanding and definition of such a person. The most optimal to determine the category through the signs, depending on the scientific concept, there are from four to fifteen. The main features include:
- natural and spontaneous behavior, as well as emotional response. This implies a free and open self-presentation, but there is respect for accepted social norms. A mature person will manifest his desires and feelings, but will choose for this a way so as not to injure the surrounding mental state, observing etiquette and tolerance;
- relative involvement in world processes. A person is aware of major world events and in important social groups for him, but is independent enough in his judgments not to succumb to propaganda and manipulation. The share of humor and detachment allows not very emotionally to be involved in world social processes, which gives independence;
- in relations there are no mercantile interests and artificial forms of behavior. Instead, there is acceptance of oneself and other people in the state in which they are natural and do not try to convert them into more convenient and beneficial options;
- the presence of global goals and meanings and constant work on their implementation. It makes you cultivate, grow, constantly move and be busy. Among such goals there is usually something of high spiritual value or practical significance for many people, and not a benefit in the present moment;
- the process of achieving goals does not adjust the moral values and aspirations of the individual. Sensitivity to injustice, the inability to betray one’s own ideals in combination with a high level of development allow one to choose ways to achieve within one’s moral concept;
- Relations built in a narrow personal circle are usually long-term, deep, open. In the context of such interaction, there is a joint development of partners and a constant deepening in the knowledge of the inner world, both our own and of the other;
- creativity and sense of humor. These manifestations are spontaneous and natural, for their manifestations and the domestic situation and professional issues. In addition, this perception concerns one’s own qualities and relationships with others. It makes it easier to adapt and relive the moments of crisis, to find simple and unexpected ways out of difficult situations.
Naturally, all the factors that determine an adult who has full material and criminal liability are automatically included. A mature person is able to bear responsibility, due to any legislative acts and documentary requirements.
Levels of psychological maturity
The level of psychological maturity is largely measurable by the degree of its socialization, since the main features relate specifically to social interaction and the disposition of the individual. This includes the breadth of social contacts, which can be at the level of interaction with a specific person, group of people or humanity. The wider the circle with which a person is able to interact, the higher the level of his maturity. In addition, the nature of this social interaction is taken into account, which may consist in the appropriation and use of other people's achievements in the process of contact or in conscious reproduction for the purpose of improvement. An important criterion is social competence, reflecting a person's ability to navigate in various situations of communication and social norms.
Among the intrinsic characteristics, the level of maturity reflects the amount of heat shown towards the other, combined with sensitivity, so that care does not turn into obsession. Accepting oneself and others helps establish secure relationships, the ability to open and develop. The higher the level of self-understanding and acceptance, the greater the ability to form an adequate constructive interaction.
A high level of personal maturity consists of a high development of a sense of responsibility and tolerance. The higher the desire for self-development and the more efficiently and quickly it occurs, the higher the level of psychological maturity can be said. This is facilitated by positive thinking and an open attitude to the world. The development and improvement of the individual does not stop either after achieving physical autonomy or after social independence. This process is endless and includes a huge number of factors over which you can constantly work - from the realization of your own talents to the acceptance of the non-ideality of the whole world.