Psychology and Psychiatry

How to raise a child

How to raise a child correctly is difficult to answer unequivocally, because there is no ideal strategy for educating the future generation. All babies have individuality from birth. Young princesses and little gentlemen are all different. Some thoughtful and calm crumbs, others - funny, curious, some disobedient restless, the fourth - closed silent. Therefore, the tactics of the educational process cannot be the same. The nature of the baby knows only the mother. And therefore, it is she who must choose the techniques that are perfect for her baby. Psychologists can only outline a general strategy and recommend how to act is not necessary in order to shield the fragile young psyche from the traumatic factors.

How to raise children correctly - psychology

In order for the baby to grow and form properly, parents need to arrange suitable conditions for this. First of all, the child needs parental love and a caring attitude for all-round harmonious development. When the crumb feels indifference on the part of a significant adult, fertile ground is created for the birth of a huge number of problems. This is not about behavioral abnormalities. The occurrence of a health disorder is also real.

Sometimes it happens that significant adults love the child, but the baby does not feel it. Therefore, it is necessary to show love to the crumbs in any way possible, hug them, talk about your own feelings, kiss. The child should feel the unconditional nature of parental love, understand that parents will love him against all odds and will always help.

Most parents are interested in how to raise a child correctly, because the future existence of their children depends on it.

In the first turn, your toddler should be taken completely, despite the apparent shortcomings. Many parents make an almost irreparable mistake, trying to fit the baby to their own ideal of the human subject. And when it is impossible to do this, they feel frustrated. The child always feels parental disapproval, realizes that they do not believe in him, that he could not justify parental expectations. As a result, the self-esteem of the crumbs suffers, which causes many problems.

Your child, whether a three-year-old child or teenager, needs to be supported when he needs her. Children should understand that in any difficult situation, they can always rely on their parents. That parents instill in their own children a sense of security.

It is not recommended to scare children with various popular horror stories. For example, when in the educational purposes significant adults frighten a crumb, that with his bad behavior a babay will come and take him away, the child understands what is said literally. He thinks that some terrible person will penetrate into the dwelling, and the parents will allow the woman to pick him up. Hence, a feeling of insecurity arises, the authority of the parents falls. Baby ceases to feel safe.

It should be more interested in the life of the child, talk on various topics with him, especially those who are interested in the child himself, more often spend leisure time together, doing pleasant activities for both. Joint pastime, filled with bright positive emotions, contributes to the emergence of friendly interaction between adults and kids.

Own child should be respected, should not dismiss the words of crumbs, from his opinion. Invalid phrases of the type: "do not get smart," "there is little more advice to distribute." It is necessary to praise the offspring, even for the slightest success.

In order to teach something to the child, it is necessary to take into account one children's peculiarity - the children brilliantly memorize all of their interest. Therefore, there is no reason to grind knowledge into the child, it is better to make the lessons interesting for him, and also to include game moments.

You should not abuse the notations. After all, they are boring and completely uninteresting crumbs. It is better to demonstrate the desired behavior with your own actions. Children always take the actions of parents for the sample.

How to raise a child from birth

The educational process is best to start from the first decades of the baby's life. The active development of the crumbs occurs just in the first year of their existence. At the stage described, they adapt to the environment and gain their first valuable experience. After all, in just 12 months, the baby needs to learn how to fuck, smile, respond to parental voices, mood, and distinguish intonation.

Often, parents of babies pay more attention to the daily routine and diet, proper care, and not the educational process. It is up to the age of one year that the basic habits of the offspring are laid on the subconscious tier, inclinations, and personality traits are formed. Further maturation of the crumbs, mainly due to the educational process in infancy.

Conventionally, the annual stage of educational work is usually divided into 4 stages in accordance with trimesters.

Below are recommendations on how to raise a child properly in the first trimester of his life.

The considered stage implies the formation of “true” habits in children and the prevention of the generation of harmful ones. In addition, here parents should intelligently organize food crumbs. This is very important for adequate weight gain, the development of addiction to the regime.

In this trimester, crumbs should form habits such as:

- without a dummy to dive into the Morfeev kingdom on the street;

- spend a certain amount of time in the crib, having fun on their own;

- keep the head;

- to show displeasure when changing the diaper;

- to fall asleep without motion sickness.

It is also recommended that serious attention be paid to the hygiene of the crumbs. The morning at the karapuz should begin with the mother's friendly smile, hygienic manipulations, which include washing the baby’s handles and face, washing, changing the diaper. These daily activities of the offspring will develop the habit of keeping themselves clean.

To develop a crumbs habit to hold the head to lay it on the tummy. Gradually, the baby will get used to the described action, the muscles of the neck and back will get stronger.

In order for the child to start to fuck up, you should play with him more often. It is also good if the crumb will hear the crap and children's songs. Any action directly related to the child needs to be commented on, telling, for example, how the sliders are put on, the diaper changes. Talking with the baby, it is recommended to smile, because it is in this way that the culture of communicative interaction is laid.

In the next trimester, visual, sensory and auditory perception of the world develops. The considered stage includes preparation of the offspring for speech. Here it is recommended to include musical melodies of various genres. At the same time, it is better that they be harmonious and light: classics, children's melodies, modern motifs. In order the children would be gulil, he began to babble his attention must also be directed to other sounds. He should be introduced to the surrounding reality, attracting his interest in avian tweets, the noise of pouring water, and the rumble of a tractor.

The mental formation of the crumbs at the described stage should make its debut with the communicative interaction. Parents need to play with the child, shaping his perception. It is recommended to begin to engage in wakefulness, when nothing scares the offspring and it is cheerful. The baby should enjoy such activities, so you should not play with the baby when he wants to eat or is capricious. At this stage, the moral and aesthetic foundations of upbringing are being laid, which the child receives as a result of communication with relatives.

Love and joyful emotions presented to the baby will be the starting point for forging the moral and aesthetic behavioral model. In addition to the above, the daily routine and massage should also be present. At this stage, the exercises should be more diverse, since their goal is to prepare the crumbs for crawling.

The stage of the third trimester is marked by the restlessness of the offspring and its curiosity. Activity in children at the described stage increases significantly. Since the child has already learned how to crawl and sit down, and some babies try to get up, it is time for physical training.

First of all, the baby must be given the freedom to move around the dwelling. Therefore, it is necessary to secure as much as possible the possible route of his travel. In this trimester, the kids are more and more interested in the contents of the drawers and cabinets, so it is recommended to remove any items that may harm the crumbs.

At this stage, it is already possible to make the first attempts to teach the children to the pot. It is necessary to plant the baby on the pot after feeding, walking, sleeping. After some time, the baby will become clear for what purpose he is put on the pot. At about the age of seven months, you can begin to train the crumbs by washing the pens. Thus, the concept of cleanliness is formed.

Dressing before feeding the crumbs of bib, changing the soiled clothes directly after it got soiled, the mothers inoculate the children with care. At the same time, adults need to comment on each action and explain it.

For children, play activity is important, regardless of the age stage. Through it, they know the world. In the seven-eight-month age, you can show the crumbs simple toys and manipulations with them, for example, show how the ball rolls, the wheels turn around at the typewriter. Also at the described stage, you can already show separate parts of the head: nose, eyes, ears. Dealing with babies in the third trimester is necessary daily. Here, too, the offspring should be acquainted with the words-prohibitions: “no”. For example, when a pussy fights during a gaming activity, it is necessary to say "no", explaining the reasons (I hate, it hurts).

In the fourth trimester, the education of the child covers absolutely all areas of his activity. Here the crumb actively interacts with the adult environment and tries to walk on its own. When the baby gets up on its own knives, it should be encouraged. First you need to help the toddler, to drive him, holding for two pens, then for one. After a while, the baby will be able to linger, standing on legs, for a few seconds.

Mental formation of the infant is based on instilling in him the skill to manipulate objects. A full-fledged educational process includes close communicative interaction with the offspring. It is necessary to talk to the peanut constantly, but it is not recommended to copy the child’s speech or lisp. This may give rise to the formation of a speech defect.

How to raise a child in 1 year

The human person, according to psychological research, is formed at an early stage of existence. Therefore, it is very significant in the course of the educational process that the one-year-old crumb acquires the necessary experience for the future, which will become the foundation of the relationship to the environment and the environment.

At the considered stage, the game process is the prevailing type of activity. However, so far, due to the age, the crumb can independently organize his own leisure. Therefore, it falls on the parent shoulders. It is necessary to show offspring of possible manipulations with toys, for example, how a doll walks, a frog jumps, a car transports. Role-playing games are also important, it is possible to treat a sick bear together with toddler or to cook dinner for a bunny. However, the plots of games must be primitive, so that the child understands them well.

In the process of gaming leisure, you must carefully monitor the offspring. The game will reflect the children's idea of ​​the existing family relationships, the world, people. Observation will allow parents to correct negative views or destructive attitudes in a timely manner.

One-year-old understands only visual-figurative appeal. Therefore, in order to convey a crumb some information, it is necessary to simulate the situation, based on fairy tales and taking as examples of favorite characters.

You also need to constantly explain to the toddler how to behave, what is good, what bad things are. In addition, parents should always remain a positive example, since babies always imitate adult surroundings. At the considered stage of education, parents should regularly clean up, lay things out at their intended places, show with your own actions the observance of the daily routine and the rules of hygiene.

How to raise a child in 2 years

In the period under review, the educational process should differ in respect of boys and young ladies.

The boy’s upbringing should include, above all, the expression of love in various forms: embraces, kisses, conversations, playing together. It is forbidden to beat the crumb and offend, because it can grow insecure, aggressive, pissed or suspicious. The boy must be educated in strict boundaries, without excessive lisping, but without power.

Do not limit the physical abilities of the boy and his activity. It is normal if the crumb will often walk with broken knees, because the future defender of the family and the Fatherland is growing.

In the appeal to the crumbs it is better to use his name, or to call him “son”, and it is better not to use such diminutive forms as “sweetheart”, “bunny”. A baby should be aware from an early age that he is growing up as a man and in the future will become the breadwinner and protector of the family.

The education of young ladies should be directed to the development of creative potential. Girls in comparison with their "antipodes" are more balanced, plodding, calm. Monotone manipulations are easier for them. They have developed a fantasy and a sense of beauty.

It is necessary to encourage the desire of the daughters to show their own feelings, to compliment the young princesses, to give her praises and tenderness. Girls must grow up confident, self-sufficient, able to recognize false feelings.

Babies should be allowed to choose their own game. Since childhood, little ladies need to be explained that they can achieve a lot in life. You can show them photos of successful ladies - doctors, politicians, actresses, explaining to them in passing that when they grow up, they can become just as successful and respected aunts.

How to raise a child in 3 years

Three-year is quite a serious test of strength for parents. After all, the crumb has already grown noticeably, started talking. The kid already has an active position in expressing his own aspirations. At some point, the behavioral response of the crumbs and his actions began to change dramatically. The previously docile little tot turns into an intolerable "thug". So manifested a three-year crisis.

Here the main thing is the reserve of patience from significant adults. Any situation arising offspring offspring should be assessed very soberly. It is necessary to understand the feelings of kids and skillfully use children's moods against them. For example, when a peanut refuses to fold toys, but rather throws them away, you should ask the child to never assemble them.

In the described period, various requirements, prohibitions are ineffective. It is better to try to switch the attention of the child to actions more exciting for him.

It is not recommended to react excessively to hysterical seizures. However, there is no need to indulge in any childish whims either. Three-year checks the boundaries of what is permitted. How much he can allow parents. If, at the slightest hysteria, giving the toddler the desired, then he will have the habit of starting hysteria at the slightest pretext. It is necessary to try to distract the offspring from the provoking factor, to another interesting thing.

The educational process in 3 years should be based on consistency. If the mother forbade the baby something, then the father should not allow him to do it. This rule should be especially clearly conveyed to compassionate grandmothers and kindest grandfathers.

And most importantly, bring up the tops should be in love. It is necessary to take care of offspring, train them, show the desired behavior with your own positive example.

How to raise a child choleric

A kid with a choleric temperament is tireless by nature. Nature has endowed such a crumb with powerful energy potential. Already from an early age, the baby shows its intolerable temperament, and relatives with bewilderment say: "well, and character!" The task of the adult environment in a particular case is to help the crumbs grow to the best of flexibility, restraint and compromise.

The little possessor of this temperament is infinite in the movements, which are characterized by impetuosity, sharpness, as if someone is chasing him. Such a baby does not tolerate long expectations, and therefore can not sit for a long time without work in one place. The child’s conversation is emotional, the words sound jerky and fast. Он не говорит, а тараторит, глотая слова и слоги. Иногда так увлекается монологами, что оказывается не способным кого-либо услышать.

Нередко утрачивает над собой контроль, начиная громко кричать и спорить. Воспитывать ребенка холерика 3-4-х лет непросто. Такой малыш обожает приключения и риск. At the same time, the susceptibility of a baby to drastic mood changes plunges a close environment into confusion.

The baby choleric can easily change his decision at the last minute. You never know what to expect from him. He can behave outside the box in any situation. The kid himself often does not understand what is happening to him because of his impulsiveness. A child with a choleric temperament instantly makes decisions, his ideas are spontaneous, but often interesting. All new baby is fascinating, but it is also easy for him to forget about it in a short time. During training, shows the ability, if the child is interested at the moment.

A little choleric person falls asleep with difficulty and for a very long time. Sleep is restless, depending on the impressions of the day.

The choleric person has a lot of positive qualities: fearlessness, riskiness, courage, purposefulness, self-confidence, perseverance. At the same time, the tendency to stubbornness, restlessness, cockiness, conflict, impatience, playfulness, which gives parents certain difficulties in bringing up a choleric child.

Given that children choleric emotionally unstable, their parents are required to master the ability to control their own emotions. Before speaking to a child in a fit of anger or annoyance, you need to stop, take a few deep breaths or count to ten and just think about whether the notations and screams aimed at your baby will help in your situation.

The energetic child of a choleric person must be involved in doing useful things, such as homework. The baby should see the ultimate goal and the result of their work. Teach your child to speak stages of work out loud, then silently, and unswervingly stick to his plan.

For choleric people is very important to engage in mobile sports. This will allow you to give an outlet for your energy, and training will teach you to count your strength. Such a kid just needs living space, so as often as possible you should go with him on walks.

To help develop attention and perseverance can design, needlework, drawing, manual labor. It is important for parents not to show irritability to the crumb if he is distracted, and to encourage patience and diligence every time. It is important to teach the child to pre-think about their decisions, assessing the reserves of their forces, and only then proceed to action. It is necessary to teach politeness in any situations, since the immediacy of the choleric person often hurts people's feelings.

Especially it is necessary to pay attention to the ability to build relationships in the children's team, because parents can not be near all the time. In choleric persons, the problem lies in imposing leadership on other children. The second problem of the choleric kid is the desire for diversity, so regular friends do not stay close. In this case, it is required to encourage the child to analyze his behavior, to deal with conflict situations with him, to discuss films and books. It is necessary to teach the baby to control their emotions, taking into account the interests of other people.

In the fight against the bad mood of the child-choleric humor will help. Show your child a way out of accumulated emotions: you can bang a toy, throw and beat a pillow. It will be better than tearing your anger at parents and children in kindergarten. Breathing exercises can also help self-control. With an increase in emotional stress of the child, you can apply distracting techniques, for example, to interest others and switch to this occupation. Sometimes it is enough just to hug and calm. Adults need to watch as much as possible for the behavioral manifestations of their crumbs and act even before they get angry or cry. It is strictly forbidden to tease the little choleric.