Social phobia is a person who is overcome by the fear of an irrational nature before performing actions that involve all sorts of interactions with society. As a result, the quality of being a social phobia suffers significantly. People suffering from the described phobia, it is difficult to engage in labor activity, to find the use of their personal skills and stay in a social group. This phobia is amenable to correction, but forecasts are directly related to the timeliness and usefulness of the impact. The initial manifestations of the described variety of social phobia are most often found in the pubertal period, due to the emotional instability of children who are at the stage of sexual maturation.
Who is a social phobia
Today, it is possible to identify certain symptoms that allow to diagnose this type of phobic disorder. Below are the key manifestations of this phobia. And in the first turn, these are somatic symptoms of a different nature: tremor, hyperhidrosis, nausea, sometimes turning into vomiting. Also there is a fear of strangers or unfamiliar people, fears of criticism, fear of making purchases in hypermarkets, fear of business negotiations with new potential partners. In addition, panic horror provokes the need for public speaking.
At certain moments, a person who is wary of social interaction in companies may show himself too lively. In a similar manner, he seeks to hide anxiety and his own fear of others.
However, anxiety and feelings before the need for public speaking or interaction with society is inherent in most individuals. Periodically appearing alarm state is quite normal. But the social phobia does not perceive the need for verbal communication as an ordinary situation. For him, this situation seems inevitable and uncontrollable.
Below are the most common objects that generate fear in a social phobia:
- public performance;
- answers in educational institutions to the audience;
- pre-employment interviewing;
- business meetings, business negotiations;
- Communication with "authority" subjects, for example, with the boss;
- real-time communication with strangers;
- all sorts of acts in places where there are many human subjects: the fear of eating, drinking, reading;
- situations of communicative interaction when the object of communication is visually inaccessible (talking on the phone or via Skype);
- collective events when a large number of individuals gather;
- making purchases in large stores;
- visiting public restrooms;
- any situations where close attention will be focused on a social phobia, for example, a dance performance or a sports competition.
Signs of social phobia
Considered social phobic disorder today is not uncommon. At the same time, it is rather difficult to diagnose, since its symptoms are often mistaken for manifestations of other mental disorders. A person suffering from the described type of uncontrollable fear, getting into the public environment or becoming the center of universal attention, as a rule, feels uncontrollable anxiety, anxiety and apprehension. Such anxiety is often manifested on the physical level and is expressed by trembling, excessive sweating and facial flushing.
Thus, social phobia can be called the intense, persistent, increasing with time, reproducible fear of hitting and being in socially determined situations. The deviation in question is characterized by an intractable logical interpretation and awareness by the individual himself of hostility, hidden by hatred of any situations that require finding or interacting in the environment of society. Anxiety at the considered variety of fear is long, purposeful for the future, is focused generally on a “hypothetical” threat and forms a special “circumspection” when the potential threat is near.
The main manifestations of social phobia can be divided into the following subgroups: physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioral effects.
Physical manifestations of anxiety include: palpitations, muscular weakness and tension, fatigue, nausea, shortness of breath, and headache. In this way, the organism is, as it were, tuned in to the upcoming “struggle” against a potential threat. Increased blood pressure, myocardial contractions, sweating, at the same time there is a decrease in the efficiency of the immune system and digestive function. Externally, a manifestation of social fear is found in the pallor of the dermis, pupil dilation, tremor and sweating.
At the level of emotions, an uncontrollable fear of dwelling among a large number of individuals, manifests itself:
- expecting the worst,
- decrease in concentration of attention;
- feeling of tension;
- the appearance of anxiety, irritability;
- a sense of "vacuum" in the brain;
- deja vu.
The cognitive effect is made up of "the sensation of an imminent danger," while there is the likelihood of its ending with an untimely death.
Behavioral effects contain the consequences of a situation that has given rise to anxiety in the past. Manifestations include: transformation of sleep patterns, habits along with an increase in physical activity, for example, “movement in one place”. In addition, there is an excessive sustained anxiety, tension, frequent urination, fatigue, vulnerability, touchiness.
How does a social phobia differ from a sociopath?
In order to understand the difference between the two terms in question, it is necessary to understand their meaning. Sociopathy is referred to as dissocial personality disorder, manifested in impulsivity, inability to form attachments, ignoring up to the aggressive perception of generally accepted social norms and attitudes. Social anxiety, in its turn, is called social anxiety-phobic disorder, accompanied by a steady irrational fear of the society or actions caused by interaction with it (for example, fear of the crowd, attitudes, public attention).
From the standpoint of medicine, sociopaths are individuals suffering from a neuropsychiatric disorder.
Below are the key symptoms that indicate the presence of sociopathy:
- partial or complete disregard of social principles and norms;
- impulsive actions (such a subject always tries to stand out, to accomplish something original, to realize his own aspirations to the detriment of others);
- aggressive actions or in relation to society, or when interacting with individuals;
- inability to build long-term relationships, to form social ties.
The diagnosis of sociopathy, as a rule, is set when at least three of the above symptoms are present. The deviation in question is often less pronounced. A sociopath can often simply be indifferent to the problems of loved ones. He does not feel guilty for his own misdeeds, he does not feel responsibility for his own actions, and is inclined to blame others for personal failures. Such a behavioral model often gives rise to conflicts. Individuals suffering from the deviation in question are often in a bad mood and are irritable. The symptoms described often encourage them to join various religious organizations, abuse alcoholic liquids or take drugs.
It is rather difficult to diagnose the disorder in question. Most people are in a bad mood, often blaming others for their own failures. Therefore, sociopathic personalities are often categorized as people negatively related to being, having negative views on existence (pessimism), and simply try to minimize any interaction with them. As a result, the disease progresses.
Often, some people are ranked as sociopaths, when it would be more appropriate to classify them as a social phobia. Social phobia is also a neuropsychiatric ailment and is found in a panicky fear of publicity, fear of interacting with previously unknown persons. A social phobia is a person who has difficulty with the need for social contact with strangers. It is difficult for him to call if necessary in the fire or emergency services, he is afraid of public speaking and dating.
In addition to the above, sociopathic individuals are distinguished from social phobes by the absence of social attachments among the former. They are often indifferent even to relatives. Also, sociopaths stand out intelligence and cunning. Since in order to achieve their goals, they have to use various tricks, all their resourcefulness, inventiveness and resourcefulness, which has a beneficial effect on the training of mental abilities.
How to stop being a social phobia
In order to get rid of this type of phobic disorder, first of all, it is necessary to comprehend the problem. It is also important to realize that a person is subject to thought, that it is not his judgments that govern his personality. In addition, it is necessary to understand that absolutely all human thoughts about how he appears to be in the view of society are purely subjective and erroneous.
Phrases with bright negative overtones should be replaced with positive antonyms. For example, thoughts like: “I generate pity in society”, “I look bad”, “I am a pathetic person”, should be replaced with cheerful statements, such as: “surrounding individuals treat my person very well”, “I have my own views on being and my preferences, "I am a versatile and quite interesting person."
Positive should be felt in everything: in actions, thoughts, actions. It is necessary to accustom yourself to think in positive categories and gradually life will play with new bright colors and sensations. Positive thinking and attitude will help the social phobia to gain faith in their own personality, to feel the charm of human existence and will teach him to enjoy his usual communicative interaction with the social environment.
Often, people are afraid of publicity due to the inability to consistently express their own thoughts or to argue their position, they are also afraid to look ridiculous in the eyes of the environment. In order to eradicate this fear, it is recommended to train in front of a mirror, talking with your own reflection. You must try your own person, looking out of the mirror, to convey the importance of your own position or to convince her of the loyalty of the chosen solution. In the process of such a conversation, one should work on facial expressions and gestures; one can surrender to the power of fantasies in order to convey one's own emotions in the most unexpected way.
Reclamation read out loud, conversations and revelations with loved ones will help shake the frozen contact. You must try to smile and greet strangers. It gives warmth to the soul. It is also recommended to cultivate the habit of voicing their own judgments, which will help many years of silence to transform into eloquence.
It is necessary to manage fears and try to show determination. For example, it is possible to avoid the bodily manifestations of fear, which are manifested in trembling, dizziness, if one concentrates on deep breathing. The main thing to try at the time of observation, so as not to be distracted by any third-party thoughts. It is necessary to control exhalations and inhalations, counting them, then, thanks to the additional oxygen, the body will calm down.
It is also recommended to outline the list of the most painful behavioral socially determined situations and gradually try to embody them. It is very important to survive each of the "horror stories." At first, it will be quite difficult, but gradually with the overcoming of the next “step”, it will become easier, a feeling of freedom and even pleasure from perfect actions will appear.
People who are interested in what to do if you are a social phobia, in addition to the listed actions, are recommended to learn to love yourself. To do this, first of all, you should protect your own person from hysterical, always dissatisfied individuals, envious and evil colleagues, but not lurking somewhere in the corner, so that these "monsters" would not find a tender nature, but by creating a strong internal barrier that prevents penetration stressors. One must learn to ignore the judgment of an individual who does not command respect. All human subjects tend to be mistaken at times, because there are no perfect people. Individuals who are prone to constantly judging others, accusing them of inferiority or non-conformity with the norms devised by themselves, deserve only sympathy.
A person who values his own life should be a bit proud because one should not allow anyone to oppress himself morally.
How to help social phobia
Awareness of the presence of the described phobia in a loved one is half the solution. When manifestations of social phobia are noted in a child, parents can remedy the situation rather quickly.
First of all, parents need to accept the fact that their child is unique and amazing. It is necessary by all means to try not to make it clear to your own child that they would prefer it to be different. Therefore, it is recommended to focus on the winning sides of the crumbs personality and support them.
Do not punish and criticize the actions of the child, provoked by the closeness of the crumbs and shyness. It is necessary to try to show more care, patience and actively help the child, while refusing the feeling of guilt.
We must understand that the nature of the crumbs can not be changed. If the baby is a quiet introvert, then it is impossible to "build" an extrovert talker from it. But at the same time helping the child naturally feel himself in socially determined situations - this is the primary task of the parents. Before that, they need to teach the crumb to love themselves, you need to more often tell the child how unique and amazing he is.
A person who has been diagnosed with the analyzed type of phobia experiences a whole range of diverse emotions: for example, comfort from the fact that the problem has finally become apparent and got a name, or anger at the unpleasant moments experienced, when the individual did not understand what was happening.
In order to help the social phobia to cope with the described scourge, it is necessary, first of all, to keep positive. Social phobia is a very real and quite serious disorder, but it is still amenable to correction. Рекомендуется изучить всесторонне рассматриваемое отклонение, что поможет ощущать контроль над ситуациями, вызывающими страх у близкого, и соответственно, помочь.
Социофоб должен всегда ощущать поддержку близких и неприкрытую заботу. He should be praised for the slightest effort to overcome fear, even if such attempts seem insignificant. You should not try to downplay the significance of the problem, as well as to offer instant solutions.
It is possible to get rid of the uncontrollable fear of socially determined situations through psychotherapeutic methods. The most popular and effective today can rightly be considered a cognitive-behavioral psychotherapeutic method, which includes working with anxious thoughts, forms communication skills and is aimed at combating noncommunity and alienation.