Harassment is a term that literally means actions of an undesirable nature, implying harassment or intimations of intimate content, not limited to a temporary or situational framework, implying legal protection against such attacks. Harassment in simple words is indecent hints, jokes, frank requests for intimacy, as well as unpleasant touches of an intimate nature. All such actions are undesirable, offensive or obstruct the side to which attention is paid. If at first the girl herself encourages the attention of a young man, and then accusations of harassment occur, then she is essentially wrong if, of course, she has not been informed before about the undesirability of such behavior.

Usually, constant attempts to incline to intimate relationships are meant, isolated cases are not considered as a violation of personal boundaries and can be regarded as flirting or erroneous understanding of the distance between people. This is very important for distinguishing the moments of determining responsibility, especially when the level of seriousness and destructiveness of the situation comes to the intervention of law enforcement agencies. Also, understanding that harassment is precisely unwanted and prolonged sexualized attention helps many guys to be active, without fear of being accused of harassment.

An important point is the difference of harassment from similarly significant harassment, since it can include not only direct sentences or physical actions, but also psychological pressure or harassment. For example, in the workplace an employee may be satisfied with the presence of impossible tasks or difficulties from scratch, an acquaintance from the Internet can send spam or calculate places of stay and follow - all these moments are not related to direct physical inclination to intimacy, but psychologically can bring a person to hysterical condition, neurological problems or depression.

The harmful effect of harassment on the psyche is very diminished, moreover, many men (in most cases they claim to get their desired strength) regard this as a sign of attention or an innocent compliment when a woman should rejoice and not be offended. At the same time, such constant comments and actions can completely destroy women's self-esteem, develop chronic anxiety, clinical depression and even panic attacks. When harassment occurs at work, labor productivity suffers significantly, the level of enthusiasm decreases, and in especially critical cases, everything ends with dismissal.

The causes of harassment are public gender relations. Here echoes of the past always work, when a woman was considered solely as an intimate object, and all the other virtues were belittled, down to slavery and women's recognition as people of lower grade.

Even in those sectors where the theoretical framework of sex is erased, the first-place assessment of women goes by appearance and only then by external qualities. In many situations, even a significant advantage over a man in office, knowledge, social level and so on does not give a woman guaranteed security. In such situations, the guard may well afford to make vulgar jokes addressed to the general director simply on the grounds that he is a man and therefore considers himself superior, and all women are obliged to obey him. Naturally, this does not apply to everyone; it is not excluded that his official position is used to force someone to enter into intimate relationships. Perhaps the most terrible is when the persecution for the purpose of intimate communication begins to be manic, unhealthy, turning into painful experiences and obsessive states.

Harassment at work

In practice, many people know what harassment is at work, but not every person is able to identify unpleasant actions in terms of violation of their personal space. The discussion of the figure, the length of the legs, the size of the breast (with the woman or behind her, so that you can hear it) is a vivid example of verbal harassment. This also includes comments on the length of the skirt or the depth of the neckline (not to be confused with sincere compliments regarding a good appearance). Reducing-petting appeals by many girls are not perceived as aggression, but they can be the beginning of rather heavy physical actions.

And if one can laugh it off or save oneself from such light cases, then in some situations only law enforcement agencies can help. If someone from the staff does not work normally, stops in the middle of the corridor and physically restrains, hinting at sex, then the situation requires immediate resolution. Even worse, when trying to lock up in a closed and soundproof room - in this case, close to rape. Not all aggressors act with words and expectation, using intrusive attention, some superiors, using their official position, can openly blackmail an employee, demanding sex - if she ever agreed, the reasons for the pressure are becoming more and more and the only way out of this termination is dismissal.

Studies on workplace harassment show that there are a number of occupations where the incidence is more frequent. This applies to secretaries and personal assistants, nurses and night administrators, guides and flight attendants.

If you do not take into account the personal feeling of the victim himself harassment, then the whole labor process, and the whole team, it affects negatively. The productivity decreases, since a part of the staff is interested in what is happening, and the other part is under intense pressure to prevent similar behavior regarding their person. The aggressor and the victim are not capable of productive labor activity, in principle, since the main forces go to the confrontation.

From a psychological point of view, harassment is also due to provocative behavior in the workplace by women. This includes the banal non-observance of the dress code, when at work they wear challenging and outright clothes, shifting the emphasis from business to a seductive look. Also here can be attributed the inability of a woman to refuse, to inform the aggressor about the inadmissibility of his behavior. It is quite often encountered that having become puzzled instead of a qualitative rebuff, a woman smiles or continues flirting, which is automatically perceived as consent and encouragement of inappropriate behavior. Flirting at work often leads to the inability to restore personal boundaries.

On the other hand, a harsh attitude towards harassment can also complicate labor conditions, and it is also more likely that it can end with dismissal in retaliation for such behavior. This is especially common in groups, where harassment of an intimate nature is considered to be the norm, and a newly appeared employee threatens to stir up a whole wave of discontent with her refusal. It is important to find a strategy of behavior where the refusal is clear, accessible and does not entail negative consequences.

Pestering on the street

Harassment is not only a problem of the working team, although it is generally accepted to talk about this. Obsessive attention signs, comments, and rude harassment on the street also apply to this concept. If a man wants to get acquainted with a woman, at the same time he correctly and culturally formulates his desire, and in response to his disagreement is removed - then this is only a sign of attention. As well as a compliment from a stranger - we are all people and perhaps a person just wanted to make a pleasant, pleasant companion from a pure heart.

If you come across vulgar comments, insolent cries or quite straightforward offers to come to the hotel for intimate relationships right now, then it is a question of harassment. And if in the situation of the working group there are still some restraining factors in the form of a possible violation of relationships, witnesses, dismissal, possible punishment (since you can easily get the data of a person’s residence and bring him to justice), then in a street situation the level of protection of the victim rapidly falls . Such encroachments can often end in robbery, stalking or rape, and individuals who allow themselves to do so usually do not inspire social trust, and sometimes lead to real horror.

Soft options may look like intrusive attention of the interlocutor, after he was already several times informed about the unwillingness to continue communication. Neighbors at a table in a cafe, on a bench in a park or in a train compartment believe that if they are answered culturally, they can qualify for full attention. Such acts are due to the social stereotype that if a woman is somewhere alone, then she is certainly looking for an intimate dating, whether it be a gym or an evening square.

Preparing for such aggressive attention on the street is impossible. If you are bothered by a neighbor or colleague, then knowing where there is an opportunity to cross, you get the opportunity to mentally get together and stock up on a couple of decent answers.

Street harassment knocks off the rut unexpectedly and effectively with its suddenness, rudeness and arrogance. Although just like any attention, most people may not be regarded as violence, but on the contrary, the level of danger is artificially reduced, causing this to be pleasant signs of attention. Such a public attitude deprives the already discouraged woman of the last opportunity to somehow resist the aggressor, since there is a socially incorporated fear of being accused of what is happening. By the way, the majority of victims of street harassment in a loud and public statement of their rights eventually receive comments from the series “I’m to blame for myself, which I used to wear and smile like.”

From such situations can be born the desire to maximally impersonate your own image, and in some cases leads to social disadaptation. It’s useless to wait for support and that passers-by themselves suspect something amiss - many simply pass by and don’t want to interfere or consider such disassembly to clarify the relationship between lovers. Therefore, to ensure their physical security and psychological comfort, they will have to loudly announce what is happening, intentionally and independently involve random passers-by in the situation, and law enforcement agencies are better.

A separate item is harassment in another country, where attention to foreigners is increased, and knowledge of local cultural norms is minimal. Leaving somewhere, you should study in advance the norms of behavior in this country, because somewhere an open look in the eyes of a man is considered a direct invitation to intimate relationships, which he demands after a fleeting intersection on the street. There is no one to blame for these options, since both did not understand the social codes of different cultures, but in order to protect oneself, one cannot hope for a chance. Features relate not only to behavior and various verbal signals, also review the suitcase wardrobe (especially in Eastern countries) and pay attention to makeup.

What to do in the situation

If from the above descriptions and examples, you understand that you are faced with harassment, you should immediately prevent this situation. Initially try to resolve the situation yourself, for easy cases, your courage is enough for an open statement. It is important not only to tell the abuser what you do not like, but also to clearly formulate exactly which words or actions you perceive as harassment and to ask you not to commit this in your address. In a situation where a single personal comment did not bring results, it is necessary to repeat their demands in the presence of witnesses, and so as to make sure that they accurately noticed the situation. Then in case of aggravation, you will have witnesses confirming the existence of harassment and your voiced discontent.

At work, the tactic of total ignoring hints and misunderstanding of sentences is well suited. In such situations, you can respond to double invitations to the dacha that you have your seven acres not plowed, but for compliments about a beautiful neckline, telling the story of total shopping and hunting for discounts. Lack of reaction and misunderstanding of hints discourages interest and can stop the initial harassment. If a person is married or you are married, engaging the second half works fine, even in a virtual dialogue space. To do this, it is enough to ask how his wife will react to your business trip in a joint room or promise to support his idea as soon as you get permission from your husband.

With a strong obsession that starts to frighten, isolate the person - ignore letters and messages, block in social networks, do not communicate personally. If you are forced to overlap in work or general space, then directly ask him to avoid approaching you, and minimize professional interaction (correspondence in general chats, sending correspondence through a secretary, discussing all issues only at general meetings).

Keep any evidence of harassment, even if it is unpleasant - messages, photos, emails will become evidence of the violation of your psychological boundaries. You can ask for protection from the leadership or the security service, tell your family and friends about what is happening. The more you hide the situation, the more power the aggressor will receive, and probably the lack of support from friends, because if you suffered so much time, it means that you liked his attention and you even encouraged him.

On the street, in order to protect yourself, keep a serious expression on your face, or if it is absolutely impossible to keep a good mood, smile into space, and not to specific people - this will reduce the likelihood of choosing you as a victim. Headphones work well, because there is no point in communicating and shouting to a person immersed in music, and those who are trying to divert your attention along the way will need an immediate reaction.

If you are still approached on the street, then the best option is a direct and loud answer, formulating your requirements. You need to speak loudly so that the people around them look around, but at the same time with a confident voice. Requirements may vary depending on the situation, it is a prohibition to come closer and an order to remove your hands, refusal to continue the conversation. If you observe that neither the aggressor nor those around you heed the demands and requests, then you can call for help and move to places of large crowds of people, and even better to where there is a guard or a post of patrolmen.

Assess the situation from the point of view of the possibility of going to court when you are unable to resolve everything on your own. To do this, you must have relevant evidence and witnesses, because at the moment the legal settlement basically comes down to protection after committing rape or harm.

Legal protection

At the moment, the legislative framework does not have a single definition and the corresponding article of the constitution or criminal code, implying punishment for harassment.

Patrol outfits and district operational departments cannot resolve the harassment, with the exception of direct threats of an intimate or vital nature, promises to damage property or people close to them. In order for the victim to be assisted, you must have the facts (saved correspondence or recordings from video recorders, witness testimony), otherwise the case does not open. If understood by law enforcement officers, explanatory work can be carried out with the aggressor, but there are often situations when, when asking for help, the victim is confronted with misunderstanding and explanation that they love her very much, but she does not understand her happiness.

There are a number of articles protecting minors, where it is clearly stated what is intimate harassment, as well as sexual corruption. The punishment provides for imprisonment of up to twenty years, while the testimony of the child or witnesses is sufficient. As for adults, the case will not be opened without evidence until an act of violence or other harm is committed. The maximum of what can be achieved with verbal harassmetne is an article for disorderly conduct, subject to violation of order and obscene language.

Accusations of harassment cannot be unfounded and are based solely on the testimony of one person. Если доказательств на данный момент нет, то вы можете проконсультироваться у сотрудников, что необходимо для открытия дела.Also, do not stop, if you are denied, and you need to contact higher authorities (court and prosecutor's office), you can contact a private lawyer who will promptly tell you the necessary course of action.

Ship trials usually end in moral damage compensation and the imposition of sanctions on approaching the victim. After that, if the aggressor violates the indicated restrictions, he will face imprisonment.